RELATIVE CLAUSES - Japanese Teaching Ideas

download report

Transcript RELATIVE CLAUSES - Japanese Teaching Ideas

RELATIVE
CLAUSES
Adjectival Clauses/Modifiers
RELATIVE
CLAUSES
A relative clause is the part of a sentence which
describes a noun
Eg. The cake (which) I ate yesterday was delicious.
NOUN
RELATIVE CLAUSE
RELATIVE
CLAUSES
In Japanese, a relative clause always comes
directly in front of the noun which it explains. This
is different to the English word order.
例:きのう食べたケーキはおいしかったです。
RELATIVE CLAUSE
NOUN
RELATIVE CLAUSE
RULES
RULE 1
A relative clause must end with PLAIN FORM just
before the noun.
きのうよんだ本
今よんでいる本
あしたよむ本
The book I read yesterday...
The book I am reading now...
The book I will read tomorrow...
RELATIVE CLAUSE
RULES
RULE 2
There is no は particle in a relative clause.
The topic marker は is replaced by が.
父がよんでいる本
reading..
The book my father is
父がよんでいる本は私のです。
RELATIVE CLAUSE
NOUN
Some Relative
Clause Sentence
Patterns...
1
2
3
RELATIVE CLAUSE は〜
~ は RELATIVE CLAUSEです
RELATIVE CLAUSE を/が〜
Relative Clause
Sentence Pattern 1
RELATIVE CLAUSE は〜
Examples
母がつくったケーキはおいしいです。
The cake my mum made is delicious.
父がよんでいる本はおもしろいです。
The book my father is reading is interesting.
日本で一番にんきがあるかしゅはだれですか。
Who is the singer who is most popular in Japan?
Relative Clause
Sentence Pattern 2
~ は RELATIVE CLAUSEです
EXAMPLES
これは私がきのう買ったじてんしゃです。
This is the bicycle I bought yesterday.
それは父がシドニーで買ったTシャツです。
That is the T shirt my father bought in Sydney.
Relative Clause
Sentence Pattern 3
RELATIVE CLAUSE を/が〜
EXAMPLES
ともだちは私がつくったケーキを食べました。
My friend ate the cake I made.
あたらしい車を買うお金がほしいです。
I want money to buy a new car.