Police commissioners seek enquiry into
judges leniency - perpetrator given
suspended sentence after threatening victim
with knife and gun....
Court to challenge legal aid decisions for
domestic abuse cases, fears that more victims
Elderly Domestic abuse cases doubled since
Police in Kent to don ‘body cameras’ to catch
more incidents outside pubs etc!
Insufficient attention paid to domestic abuse
Data from police to social care not being
acted on in a robust/routine manner
Insufficient analysis of previous referrals from
Failure to engage with male perpetrator
Insufficient evidence paid to multiple issues
of alcohol and substance misuse
Different agencies responding to DA in
different ways – not always responding to
social care, or
Social care responding inconsistently
Insufficient understanding of DA and its
impact on children
Insufficient concern on the pattern of DA
Male partners were not the focus of
Information not shared with agencies
Some studies show that in up to 50-70% of
cases where a parent is being abused by an
adult, the same adult is abusing the child.
The more severe the abuse to the adult, so to
DV can be covering up sexual abuse, as well
as physical abuse.
Sometimes Domestic Abuse is seen as
between the adults and the impact on
children can be minimised.
Increased powers to protect women and girls,
coordinating actions and strategies across
Within education and within public sector
Looking at messages in wider society
More information on the strategy can be
found on the Home Office website.
Joined up thinking
How do we achieve this?
There are 3,677 Medway Children who are known to be
affected by domestic abuse.
4,628 incidents of domestic abuse were
reported in Medway
According to CAADA 1.5% of children live in households
where there is high risk (significant risk of harm or
homicide) in Medway this means 613 children.
As of March 2014
204 Medway children were subject to
CP plans where domestic abuse is a factor
three per cent of women surveyed in refuges
reported having a disability (underestimated)
more than 50 per cent of disabled women in
the UK may have experienced domestic abuse
in their lives, a rate which is twice that of non
disabled women (Magown 2004)
disabled women, regardless of age, sexuality,
ethnicity or social class, may be assaulted or
raped at a rate at least twice that of nondisabled women (Magown, 2004).
Any incident or pattern of incidents
of controlling, coercive or
threatening behaviour, violence or
abuse between those aged 16 or
over who are or have been intimate
partners or family members
regardless of gender or sexuality.
This can encompass, but is not
limited to, the following types of
abuse: Psychological, physical,
sexual, financial, emotional abuse.
‘Controlling behaviour is: a range of acts
designed to make a person subordinate and/or
dependent by isolating them from sources of
support, exploiting their resources and
capacities for personal gain, depriving them of
the means needed for independence, resistance
and escape and regulating their everyday
‘Coercive behaviour is: an act or a pattern of
acts of assault, threats, humiliation and
intimidation or other abuse that is used to
harm, punish, or frighten their victim.” *
Forcing a person into marriage without their
free and full consent
Can include coercion by threats or other
A forced marriage is not the same as an
Contact the Forces Marriage Unit at the
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Anti-social Behaviour, Crime and Policing Act
2014 makes it a criminal offence to force
someone to marry
Including taking them overseas
Marrying someone who lacks mental capacity
to consent to marry, whether they are
pressured or not.
Does he want to change and what will happen
if he does?
How does violence affect him? Costs and
How would he think partner might benefit
from him changing?
Has perpetrator got support to change from
family or peer group?
Who can he talk to when wound up?
1) Lack of awareness that it is abuse,
- problem naming perpetrator’s actions as violent
- can be considered accidental or playful even
2) Belief that they deserve it, learned helplessness
influenced by childhood experiences (modeling, or
3) Fear that they may be killed
4) Hope that things will change
5) Overburdened sense of responsibility ie wanting
to keep family together, not disrupt children’s
lives, need for a father etc
Is not always the safest thing to do, more
serious assaults and murders are committed
at the point of leaving
Sometimes there appears to be more to lose
than to gain by victims
Huge barriers to overcome
Often not talking to services and feel let
Family Law Act 96
DV and Victims Act ‘04
Breach of above can
lead to arrest
Domestic Abuse is a
crime – but not all is
Murder, Rape, AntiStalking Laws
Little criminal resource
for emotional abusealthough this is
harassment laws are
already trying to
Stalking is a pattern of repeated,
unwanted behaviour that causes you
to feel distressed or scared. It can be
perpetrated by men or women
National stalking helpline 0808 802 0300
Has stalking checklists both physical, cyber.
Paladin - Advocacy service
Protection from Harrassment Acts amended
Domestic Violence Disclosure scheme (Clares law) – apply
to police station for information.
DVPO, Domestic violence Protection orders –
DVPOs can be used to provide immediate protection to a
victim where there is not enough evidence to charge an
alleged perpetrator and provide protection to victims via
bail conditions. A DVPO can last for up to 28 days, during
which time the perpetrator can be prevented from having
contact with the victim.
DVPOs are designed to give victims the time and space
they need to make decisions about their options and
future safety with the help of a support agency.
Mothers often don’t report DA for fear of
social services intervention (fear of children
Undermines relationship and attachment
Parent can become unwell or physically
injured, or in hospital and so unable to meet
Parent can become depressed
Women living with DA often have a perception
of childcare as more stressful than women not
experiencing violence (Hodder & Ritchie 1991)
Survivor can become abusive to children or
neglectful – understanding the context of DA
Possibly not able to give emotional warmth
Loss of self confidence, loss of role
Professionals either overlook any impact of
violence on the children
Or cannot see anything good in the fathering
of the children
There will be some good aspects.... But there
could be harshness, child abuse, cruelty.
Often abusive men use contact as a means to
continue to control and abuse the women/or
One study showed that where domestic abuse
was a factor of relationship breakdown, 95%
of women were assaulted or further abused
during contact negotiations and
arrangements after separation (Kelly 1996)
Are you frightened of someone?
Did someone hurt you?
How did you get those injuries?
Do your arguments ever get physical?
Has your partner destroyed things in the
home important to you?
Does anyone prevent you from leaving the
home or seeing your friends?
Are you always walking on eggshells?
Has your partner ever threatened to harm
Does your partner ever make you do things
which make you feel uncomfortable, or which
Has your partner ever forced you to have sex
when you didn’t want to?
Has anyone ever forced you to do sexual things
when you didn’t want to?
Are you afraid for your safety or that of your
• You mentioned that your partner uses
drugs/alcohol. How does he act when he is
Are you (have you ever been) in a relationship in which you
feel you are being treated badly? In what ways?
We all have disagreements sometimes. What happens
when you and your partner fight or disagree?
I noticed you have a number of bruises. Could you tell me
how they happened? Did someone hit you?
Are you ever frightened of your partner?
Many clients tell me they have been hurt by someone close
to them. Could this be happening to you?
Your partner seems very concerned and anxious. Was he
responsible for your injuries?
You seem frightened of your partner. Has he ever hurt
Sometimes when others are over-protective and as
jealous as you describe, they react strongly and use
physical force. Is this happening in your situation?
Who controls the finances in your house?
Who makes the rules? What happens when
you don’t follow the rules?
Does your partner watch your every move?
Accuse you of having affairs?
What’s your social life like? Do you have any
Taken from Office of Women’s Policy, Kelly, P. 1996, Domestic Violence
Helpful Comments & Questions, 7th International Congress on Women’s
SEPARATION (& child contact)
PREGNANCY (& new birth)
COMMUNITY ISOLATION and cultural
+ Importance of survivor’s own
perception of danger
Previous offending history, sexual assaults
Mental health issues
Attempts to kill or commit suicide
Possessiveness, jealousy, psychological abuse
Previous criminality or breach of court orders
Access to weapons, including firearms
Status in society (ie type of job/standing)
Member of a gang
To demonstrate power and control over the
To isolate the victim and children
To enforce submission
To perpetuate an environment of fear
To prevent the victim from leaving or to
coerce her to return
To punish the victim for leaving or showing
Strong correlation between animal
abuse/neglect and DV.