Diapositiva 1

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Transcript Diapositiva 1

Vehicle To Microgrid
Intelligent systems for the
integration of electrical
vehicles into power systems
with distributed generation
Novare: Vehicle to Microgrid
Antoni Sudrià, CITCEA-UPC
2a Jornada Anual d’UPC Alumni
Casa Llotja de Mar, Barcelona, 17 d’abril de 2013
Introduction
 This project has received funding from the ENDESA NOVARE 2009
R+D+i international awards.
 Participants:
• CITCEA-UPC
Research leader
• IREC
Collaborative research partner
• Endesa
Collaborative utility partner
(funding institution)
 Execution time: 2010-2013
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II UPC Alumni, 17 abril 2013, Barcelona, Antoni Sudrià CITCEA-UPC
Objectives
 General
• Deployment of V2G on smart grids.
 Specifics
• Analysis of opportunities and challenges for the deployment of V2G.
• Development of V2G systems for using EV as storage.
• Proposals for an intelligent management of EV with V2G capability in
distribution power systems with distributed generation.
• Integrate V2G in a microgrid with fast-charge and micro-generation for
validation.
 Framework: Spanish electric power sector
II UPC Alumni, 17 abril 2013, Barcelona, Antoni Sudrià CITCEA-UPC
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LV NETWORK
V2G concept
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II UPC Alumni, 17 abril 2013, Barcelona, Antoni Sudrià CITCEA-UPC
LV NETWORK
V2G concept
V2G
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II UPC Alumni, 17 abril 2013, Barcelona, Antoni Sudrià CITCEA-UPC
Opportunities & Challenges of V2G
PO
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o Ancillary services
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VIR WER
PO NTS
PLA
 Storage excess of generation / lack of
generation
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o Integration of renewables
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● Opportunities
 System operation / Power Quality
V2G
o Deferring investments in power system infrastructure
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II UPC Alumni, 17 abril 2013, Barcelona, Antoni Sudrià CITCEA-UPC
BA
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& TER
BM IE
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 Control & management
EV
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o Bidirectional communication infrastructure
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 EV charging manager (aggregator)
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o New stakeholders
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 Voltage profile / overloads
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o Lack in current regulation
o Impact on network operation
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● Challenges
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 Intelligent management of EV charge / discharge
LV NETWORK
V2G development
V2G
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II UPC Alumni, 17 abril 2013, Barcelona, Antoni Sudrià CITCEA-UPC
V2G development
● Proposal of V2G protocol based on
o Emulation of charging and discharging processes.
o Communication with network operator by IEC 61850 standard.
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II UPC Alumni, 17 abril 2013, Barcelona, Antoni Sudrià CITCEA-UPC
V2G achievements
Bidirectional EV charger based on CHadeMO
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Implementation of CHAdeMO on a DSP
Design of a V2G laboratory platform based on CHAdeMO
Development of a V2G proposal based on CHAdeMO
Integration of the V2G platform on a real microgrid
Emulation of different scenarios to evaluate V2G
economical and grid support functionalities
PROTOCOL
V2G platform
CHAdeMO
QUICK
CHARGER
CITCEA-UPC is member of
CHAdeMO association
CITCEA-UPC presentation
CITCEA-UPC It’s a centre for research and technology innovation
born in 2001 inside the Technical University of Catalonia (UPC)
supported by the Government of Catalonia.
11 years experiences with a team of more than 70 persons, 90
clients, 172 projects, 8,3M€ turnover, 9 patents, 1 spin-off
(teknoCEA) +200 conference and +100 journal publications.
Activity fields
MECHATRONICs:
Power electronics and electrical drives.
Automation, industrial ICTs.
ENERTRONICS:
Generation, transmission and distribution of electrical energy.
Economics, market and regulation of electrical energy.
LIFE LONG LEARNING
LLL Masters in Mechatronics and Enertronics. Courses and Seminars
for professionals
Expertise
Mechatronics
Power electronics and converters, special
for applications in wind and PV
Digital control with DSP
Industrial communications
Data acquisition and signal processing
Process automation and Motion control
Electric vehicles and battery chargers
Design of electrical machines
Enertronics
Electrical generation from renewables and
distributed generation
Wind generator design
Distribution and transmission grids
Control of wind generators and wind farms
Offshore wind farms and HVDC
Microgrids and smart grids
Condition monitoring and PQ
Other EV related CITCEA’s projects
High reliability 5 phase Motor + Converter for Sensorless control (70 kW)
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II UPC Alumni, 17 abril 2013, Barcelona, Antoni Sudrià CITCEA-UPC
Other EV related CITCEA’s projects
Design and implementation a NiMH battery charger
First “electrolinera” in the world !!!
700Vdc up to 50 kW, based on a high frequency full bridge converter.
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Power: 15 to 50 kW.
Voltage: 700V.
Current: 20A.
High frequency isolation
Application: Hybrid garbage truck
Other EV related CITCEA’s projects
Fast-charging system by direct contact DC intelligent
transference with optional backup energy storage
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Project: SURTIDOR
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Customer: Consortium
Leaders of Grid integration group for fastcharging (with and without battery support):
• Deterministic and probabilistic analysis
on grid impact: network sizing & power
quality
• Regulatory framework
• Development of a power conditioning
device for reducing impact on power
quality
Other EV related CITCEA’s projects
Impact of the EV on the Power Grid of Barcelona
 Project: IXPC-VE
 Customer: AEB
The study analyzes the
impact of different levels
of EV penetration into the
MV grid of Barcelona
Different penetrations of EV from 10% to 100% are
considered
Impact regarding voltage levels and saturation of the
lines have been studied
Deterministic and probabilistic analysis have been
performed
Other EV related CITCEA’s projects
Definition of standard specifications for electric vehicle
charging stations for the city of Barcelona
Project: IXPC-VE
Customer: AEB
A list of specifications and
requirements of the
recharging points for the
city of Barcelona have
been done
• Based on slow charge requirements
• Definition of recharging points for
underground and for surface parking
taking into account the different needs of
the two locations
• Specifications are based on European
and national standards
CITCEA-UPC
No fun, no innovation
www.citcea.upc.edu