Transcript Back Safety for the Pest Control Technician
Body Mechanics for the Pest Control Technician
And anyone else, for that matter
Why Do We Work?
To earn a living Money to enjoy life outside of work Hobbies, family, vacations, homes, cars, boats, etc.
If we become injured at work, we have defeated our purpose
Better Decisions Our Agenda
How our body works/anatomy Technique Keeping neutral postures and avoiding injury Work examples Stretches Self care Training plan and tools for you
Mechanics to apply to the various tasks they encounter
Techniques for preventing sprains and strains
Knowledge to make better decisions on how to lift or move anything
The spine Jelly donut
The spine Jelly donut
Lazy “S” Cervical Thoracic Lumbar
(C-1 to C-7) - Seven vertebrae in the neck support and move the head.
(T-1 to T-12) - Twelve vertebrae in the chest/upper back area support the shoulders and upper body.
(L-1 to L-5) - Five vertebrae in the low back support most of the body weight so they are the largest and strongest of all vertebrae.
- Triangular structure of the five attached vertebrae. They form the base of the vertebral column.
(tailbone) - Four attached vertebrae.
The spine Jelly donut
Lazy “S” Cervical Thoracic Lumbar Wide “C” Force/load Twist/turn
That position in which a body part works the most efficiently, is the strongest, and is the least likely to be injured.
Wrist Spine Shoulder Knee
B A C K
Our Acronym for Technique
Bring it close Always pivot Check your load/plan your move Keep chin up and chest out
Bring it Close
Bring the load as close to your center of gravity as possible Move IT toward you or you toward IT before handling the weight Use your
Legend • 23” or greater • 16-23” • Up to 16”
Move your feet Avoid loading the spine and twisting Avoid reaching out of neutral posture and twisting Think basketball, golf, and skating
Check your load
Bump it Weight Stability Plan your route Visualize the move Plan the placement
Keep Chin Up and Chest Out
•Keep your chin up and chest out when: •Lifting •Pushing/Pulling •Standing/Sitting •Neutral spine – Lazy “S” •Keep the Curves •Strongest •Most efficient
break down tasks Crouch lift with knee assist Roll the item into the “GREEN ZONE” Assisted one-hand lift Golf lift
Basic lift from floor or ground level to higher level
Store or keep items at “GREEN ZONE” height whenever possible Organize your truck or supply room so the heaviest items are most easily accessed at waist level or near the side of the truck bed
Talk About Work Examples
Attic access Crawl space access Truck access Driving Lift/Push/Pull
Reverse postures 30/30 Ergo Stretch For every 30 minutes of a sustained posture or repetitive motion, reverse that action for 30 seconds.
Foot up Wall crouch Hamstring Upper extremity
Check condition Warm muscles Post drive/pre work review
Before You Begin
Hamstrings Upper extremity Reverse bend low back
I = M=
Technician Body Mechanics Observation Checklist YES Observant of surroundings
slip/trip/fall hazards stairs/ladders/attics/crawl spaces
Uses proper material handling techniques when lifting/pushing/pulling/reaching B
rings the load close or gets close to the load
lways pivots or moves feet/ no twisting of loaded spine
hecks the load and the move or lift prior to initiating
eeps the chin up and chest out for a neutral spine/"S" curve
Technician name: Observer Name: Comments or Coaching specific to observation: NO Date of Observation:
Make it your own Train your classroom trainer Train your field observers Incorporate into new hire training plan Train existing employees Reinforce at regular intervals CD Presentation Speakers notes Extras on stretching Extras on lifting Posters
PestSure University Back Safety Back Injury Prevention 9 minute Safety Source Video Slips and Falls 5 minute Safety Source Video Safe Lifting Techniques 12 minute Safety Source Video Preventing Slips, Trips, & Falls 10 minute Safety Source Video PestSure University Slips, Trips and Falls
RULES TO STRETCH BY
•Warm up first: warm muscles, tendons, and ligaments are more flexible and stretch more easily; stretching cold muscles can cause tears. •Stretches should always be gradual and gentle. •Hold each stretch in a static position for 10 to 20 seconds, allowing the muscle to lengthen slowly. •Do not bounce; bouncing actually causes muscle fibers to shorten, not lengthen. Stretch only to the point of resistance; if the stretch hurts, you ´re pushing too hard. •Don´t rush through the stretching routine; use it to prepare yourself mentally and physically for activity.
Upper Extremity Stretch
1.Place heel of leg being stretched on box or bench that is approximately knee height (can also be performed with the heel on the floor).
2.Make sure hips are kept square (ie facing forwards not twisted to the side) 3.Keep stretched leg as straight as possible and lean forwards from the hip with buttocks out and back straight 4.Do not hunch your back or slouch forward 5.Get to the point of a mild stretch and hold 6.Repeat for each leg
•Stand up and place your hands on your hips toward the small of your back •Slowly lean back as far as you can, tilting your head to gently stretch your neck •Be sure to support your back with your hands and arms! •Return to normal position
The best path to a healthy back is to control your weight, exercise, and reduce back stress caused by lifting or poor posture. Excessive upper body weight—for example, potbellies—contributes to poor back posture and back pain because of the added stress placed on the components of the back. A regular exercise program that includes flexibility and strengthening exercises can help prevent injury or re-injury to your back. Consult your healthcare provider before starting an exercise program. Improper lifting is the most common way to injure your back. However, back injuries usually are not caused by one incorrect lift. They are caused by years of lifting incorrectly. Two of the most common lifting mistakes are bending at the waist instead of the knees and holding the load too far out in front of you. Before making any lift, test the load by pushing the object lightly with your hands or feet to determine the approximate weight of the object. Use your leg muscles instead of your back muscles. Do not twist during the lift. The proper technique for lifting is to: •place your feet apart with one foot slightly forward for stability •bend at the knees—not waist—while keeping your back as straight as possible •stand as close to the load as possible and grip it firmly •tighten your abdominal muscles as soon as you lift to support your spine. When you reach for an object, be sure to maintain good posture. If an object is beyond arm's length or is overhead, do not strain to grasp it. Rather, stand on a solid platform, such as a step stool or ladder, with your feet flat and slightly apart so the load is even with your shoulders. To limit strain and reduce your chances of pulling a muscle, slide the object close to your body.
Props for Training
Gallon jugs of water Boxes and bags of items they use Positive reinforcement rewards (candy) Photo’s of your work situations Handouts Stretches and proper technique Field Observation Form