Transcript VLSM Variable Length subnet masks
Subnetting the subnet
Company with 200 hosts Assigned class C network 188.8.131.52/24 Want 6 different LANs Subnet class C network using mask 255.255.255.224 (/27) Whole network has the same subnet mask or supports equal number of hosts on all the sub-networks ◦ Is this a problem? ◦ Why?
◦ What should be done to solve it ?
VLSM Subnets a subnet
VLSM divides a network into subnets of various sizes to prevent wasting IP addresses
Uses up wasted addresses
Conserves address space on WAN links
Point-to-point link only needs 2 addresses With VLSM point-to-point links can use a /30 mask RD-CSY2001-2008/09
Variable Length Subnet Masking allows division of address space based on the size of networks ◦ Start with network requiring the most addresses ◦ Create a subnet mask (use CIDR – Classless Inter Domain Routing) ◦ Subnet the subnet as needed to provide address space required for other subnets Be logical – start at beginning or end or address space Addresses must be contiguous to enable route summarization RD-CSY2001-2008/09
Question If an ISP has a 184.108.40.206 Network, he wants to give ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ assign to 5 customers who need 20, 12, 6, 25, 18 hosts.
What should the subnet mask be?
What is the address range in each subnet?
What should the routing table entries be?
Can it be done efficiently to conserve IP addresses?
The prefix denotes the upper P bits of the IP address.
◦ ◦ Can be used to specify arbitrary blocks of addresses Say an ISP has 220.127.116.11, 18.104.22.168,22.214.171.124,126.96.36.199 then the IP address advertised will be 188.8.131.52/22 An ISP can obtain a block of addresses and partition this further to its customers ◦ Say an ISP has 200.8.4/24 address (256 addresses) He has another customer who needs only 4 addresses from 184.108.40.206 then that block can be specified as 220.127.116.11/30 RD-CSY2001-2008/09
Net A: 14 HOSTS Router A Net C: 2 HOSTS Net D: 7HOSTS Router B Net E: 28 HOSTS Net B: 28 HOSTS Given IP address 18.104.22.168/24, use VLSM to create a subnetting scheme RD-CSY2001-2008/09
Please try other questions on VLSM, available on module web page RD-CSY2001-2008/09