Government and the state - Broken Arrow Public Schools

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Transcript Government and the state - Broken Arrow Public Schools

The institution through
which a society makes
and enforces its public
policies
A body of people , living in a defined territory,
organized politically, and with the power to make
and enforce law without the consent of a higher
authority
Four Essential Features of a State:
Population
Government
Territory
Sovereignty
Any sizable group of people who are united by
common bonds of race, language, custom,
tradition, and, sometimes religion.
Nation-State
A country in which the territory of the state, and a
cultural nation of people are in the same place.
All
of the things that
a government decides
to do.
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Defense
Taxation
Education
Crime Control
Health Care

Transportation

Environment
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Civil Rights

Working Conditions
Governments
Have power to make and implement
public policy

Legislative
The power to create laws
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Executive
The power to enforce laws

Judicial
The power to interpret laws,
to settle disputes that arise
within a society.
A body of fundamental laws
setting out the principles,
structures, and processes of a
government
Four Theories on the
Origin of the State
Evolutionary Theory
Divine Right Theory
State evolved over time
God made the state
Force Theory
Social Contract Theory
Took over the state by force
Unwritten contract, people
give up rights for
protection from the state
Thomas Hobbes
EVIL and must be _____________
CONTROLLED by
- man is essentially _______
government
John Locke
- man is essentially good, and governments allow people
to act together as a _______
TEAM to accomplish more ______
WORK
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Montesquieu – spirit of laws, idea of separation
of powers
Blackstone – theory of common law
Rousseau – freedom, equality, and justice for
all…politics and morality should be separated
Six Goals of our Constitution
We the people of the United States, in Order to
form a more perfect Union, establish justice,
insure domestic tranquility, provide for the
common defense, promote the general welfare,
and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves
and our posterity, do ordain and establish
this Constitution for the United States of
America.