Types of Poetry - 8 White English

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Transcript Types of Poetry - 8 White English

Types of Poetry:
Lyric & Narrative
Power Point #3
Lyric Poetry - Characteristics
The most common form of
 Most poetry we think of is
lyric poetry
Focuses on a single idea or
 expresses the thoughts &
feelings of a poet
Can rhyme or be in free verse
It does NOT tell a story
portraying characters and their
Originated from an ancient
Greek form of poetry that was
accompanied by a musical
instrument, usually a lyre
 Very musical sounding
words create a pleasant
harmonious effect
 Music is composed of song
Types of Lyric Poetry
• Songs
•Free Verse
Page 835 -- Examples
“My Shadow”
by Robert Louis Stevenson
Lyric Poetry
I have a little shadow that goes in and out with me,
And what can be the use of him is more than I can see.
He is very, very like me from the heels up to the head;
And I see him jump before me, when I jump into my bed.
The funniest thing about him is the way he likes to grow-Not at all like proper children, which is always very slow;
For he sometimes shoots up taller like an india-rubber ball,
And he sometimes goes so little that there's none of him at all.
He hasn't got a notion of how children ought to play,
And can only make a fool of me in every sort of way.
He stays so close behind me, he's a coward you can see;
I'd think shame to stick to nursie as that shadow sticks to me!
One morning, very early, before the sun was up,
I rose and found the shining dew on every buttercup;
But my lazy little shadow, like an arrant sleepy-head,
Had stayed at home behind me and was fast asleep in bed.
Lyric Poetry - Free Verse
Free Verse is poetry that usually doesn’t have
regular rhythms, rhyme patterns, or
It sounds more like conversational speech.
Free verse can be compared to a song that
doesn’t rhyme. There can still be a musical
quality if the poet chooses.
Poet can express feelings, emotions, and
ideas in an imaginative way.
It can be about serious or humorous subjects.
Free Verse - Examples
“Infant Joy”
By William Blake
By Carl Sandburg
“I have no name;
I am but two days old.”
What shall I call thee?
The fog comes
on little cat feet.
It sits looking
over harbor and city
on silent haunches
and then moves on.
“I happy am,
Joy is my name,”
Sweet joy befall thee!
Pretty joy!
Sweet joy, but two days old.
Sweet joy I call thee:
Thou dost smile,
I sing the while;
Sweet joy befall thee!
It tells a story
Has characters, setting & plot
(exposition, rising action,
climax, falling action,
It is written in verse
May or may not rhyme
Ideas are organized in
Kinds of Narrative
• Epic
• Ballad
Narrative Poetry
Notice how the poem
even starts out like a
story…”Once upon…”
By Edgar Allan Poe (1845)
Once upon a midnight dreary, while I pondered, weak and weary,
Over many a quaint and curious volume of forgotten lore,
While I nodded, nearly napping, suddenly there came a tapping,
As of someone gently rapping, rapping at my chamber door.
" 'Tis some visitor," I muttered, "tapping at my chamber door;
Only this, and nothing more."
Ah, distinctly I remember, it was in the bleak December,
And each separate dying ember wrought its ghost upon the floor.
Eagerly I wished the morrow; vainly I had sought to borrow
From my books surcease of sorrow, sorrow for the lost Lenore,.
For the rare and radiant maiden whom the angels name Lenore,
Nameless here forevermore.
And the silken sad uncertain rustling of each purple curtain
Thrilled me---filled me with fantastic terrors never felt before;
So that now, to still the beating of my heart, I stood repeating,
“ 'Tis some visitor entreating entrance at my chamber door,
Some late visitor entreating entrance at my chamber door.
This it is, and nothing more."
This is just a small section of the poem, but if
you were to go through the whole thing you
would be able to fill in a plot diagram with
exposition, rising action, climax, falling action
and resolution.
Presently my soul grew stronger; hesitating then no longer,
"Sir," said I, "or madam, truly your forgiveness I implore;
But the fact is, I was napping, and so gently you came rapping,
And so faintly you came tapping, tapping at my chamber door,
That I scarce was sure I heard you." Here I opened wide the door;-Darkness there, and nothing more.
Narrative Poetry – The Ballad
A specific type of narrative
Based on ancient customs of
telling stories in songs
Subject is usually an
adventure, a romance, or
dramatic event
Told in a serious, formal way
Repetition & elaborate language
give it a song-like quality
Ballad Poems are poems that
tell a story similar to a folk tale
or legend and often has a
repeated refrain.
Example of a Ballad:
• “The Wreck of the
Hesperus” (pg 818)
• 80s Love Ballads (songs)
Plot Pyramid Review
Falling Action
Rising Action
Can you identify setting? Characters?