Transcript Slajd 1

In UK a bus is most famous with two
levels (with floors), holding from 60 to 80
passengers. To the other level they are
leading stairs, most often situated right
behind the driver.
He can appear with the roof and without.
The red double-decker buses in
London have become a national
symbol of Britain, and the
majority of buses in London are
the Routemaster bus
The famous London 'black
taxi' still exists but they now
come in a variety of colours.
British taxi
You can hail a taxi in the street
when its yellow 'For Hire' sign is
illuminated. Taxis can also be
found at taxi ranks outside or
near most major rail stations and
The London Underground, or ‘the Tube’ as it is universally
known to Londoners, is normally the quickest and easiest
way of getting around London.
Tramlink serves seven National
Rail stations but has only one
interchange with the London
Orginally and somethimes still called
Croydon Tramlink
The state has three main international airports (Dublin, Shannon, and
Cork) that serve a wide variety of European and intercontinental routes
with scheduled and chartered flights. The national airline is Aer Lingus,
although low cost airline Ryan air is the largest airline. The route
between London and Dublin is the busiest international air route in
Europe, with 4.5 million people flying between the two cities in 2006.
Railway services are provided by Iarnród Éireann. Dublin is the centre of
the network, with two main stations (Heuston and Connolly) linking to
the main towns and cities. The Enterprise service, run jointly with
Northern Ireland Railways, connects Dublin with Belfast. Dublin has a
steadily improving public transport network of varying quality including
the DART, Luas, Bus service and an expanding rail network.
The road network is focused on Dublin, and motorways are currently being
extended to other major cities as part of the Transport 21 programme, which aims
to have a world-class motorway network in place by the end of 2010. By then most
of Ireland's main cities will be connected to Dublin with motorways or with nearmotorway standard roads. Dublin has been the focus of some other major projects,
such as the East-Link and West-Link toll-bridges, as well as the Dublin Port Tunnel.
Major by-pass projects are underway at
other cities and towns. The Jack Lynch
Tunnel under the River Lee in Cork was
a major project outside Dublin, and a
fourth crossing at Limerick under the
River Shannon (known as the Limerick
Tunnel) was officially opened to motorists
in July 2010. The motorways and national
routes (national primary roads and national
secondary roads) are managed by the
National Roads Authority. The rest of the roads (regional roads and local roads) are
managed by the local authorities in each of their areas. Regular ferry services
operate between Ireland and Britain, the Isle of Man and France.
A bus service is the most popular form
of the migration all over Scotland on
account of much lower travel
expenses than in case of the turn.
In Scotland Scottish Citylink is the
largest bus carrier. A British National
Express network is his owner.
In Scotland Glasgow can only
boast about the system of the
fast underground train. The
underground in Glasgow
consists of 15 stations laid on
one line. A length of the entire
route is 10.4 km.
The underground in the biggest
Scottish city switched on stayed
in 1896 and he is 3 next with the
oldest system of the fast
underground light railway on
Three main airports are located in Scotland and 14
smaller, from which a lot put is on islands. Between
Scottish islands a British Airways Express company is
dealing with the air communication. Scotland has
three main international airports:
Glasgow International
Edinburgh Airport
Aberdeen Airport
Northern Ireland is served by three airports - Belfast International near
Antrim, George Best Belfast City in East Belfast, and City of Derry in County
Londonderry. Major sea ports at Larne and Belfast carry passengers and
freight between Great Britain and Northern Ireland. Passenger railways are
operated by Northern Ireland Railways. With Iarnrod Éireann (Irish Rail),
Northern Ireland Railways co-operates in providing the joint Enterprise
service between Dublin and Belfast. The cross-border road connecting the
ports of Larne in Northern Ireland and Rosslare Harbour in the Republic of
Ireland is being upgraded as part of an EU-funded scheme. European route
E01 runs from Larne through the island of Ireland, Spain and Portugal to
One of the ports in
Northern Ireland
Buses in Wales are being
sponsored through: Cardiff Bus
and Newport Transport. National
Express is offering services from
major cities in north Wales to
Liverpool, Manchester,
Birmingham and of London.
Milford Haven is fourth
as for the amount of
postages in Great Britain
in terms of the tonnage
and the most to oil
products. Newport is the
most of busy ports of
Great Britain of iron and
steel and Talbot Postages
is third as for the size of
Milford Haven
Wales has but two airports
offer regular services, Cardiff
and Anglesey which next only
domestic services offer to
Canada has a well developed
transportation. It has 1.4 million
km of roads, 10 major international
airports and 300 smaller airports,
72 093 km of railway tracks and
more than 300 ports, which provide
access to maritime routes across
the Atlantic Ocean, Pacific and
Arctic, and the Great Lakes and
Seaway St. Lawrence. In Canada,
the right-hand traffic.
Alberta Highway 7, typical for
a simple way of Canada
As important is the function of communication:
-short sea shipping,
-air transport - more than 400 airports – the
largest in the world, Australia's largest airline
Qantas carries about 12.5 million. Passengers per
- car - the most motorized country in the world,
length of roads 913 thousand. km, only 30% are
asphalt, and other roads are available during the
favorable weather conditions
- rail - 38.5 thousand. km, mainly in south-eastern
part of the country.
Main ports: Sydney, Melbourne, Fremantle,
Dampier, Port Hedland, Port Walcott, Hay Point.
Photo taken from above the largest
airport in Australia. Sydney Airport
Transportation in the United States is facilitated by road, air, rail, and
water networks. The vast majority of passenger travel occurs by
automobile for shorter distances, and airplane for longer distances. Air
shipping is typically used only express shipments. A traffic jam on a
typical problem at American freeway.
Transport in USA:
 road transportation – car is most popular kind transport in short distance.
Except, in USA are Intercity bus. Intercity bus is, in most cases, the least
expensive way to travel long distances in the US.
 water transportation –
Water transport is
largely used for freight.
 rail transport – The USA
makes extensive use of
its rail system for freight.
 air transportation - The
United States has advanced
air transportation
infrastructure. In terms of
passengers, seventeen of
the world's thirty busiest
airports in 2004 were in the
U.S., including the world's
busiest, Hartsfield-Jackson
Atlanta International Airport.
Traveling by air is the most popular means of long-distance passenger travel in
the US.
Lane roads is low, generally there are only between big cities.
There is a well-developed network of bus services and long distance calls
from town to town.
Traffic Rules:
* drive on the left,
* gives way to an oncoming vehicle on the right side,
* Speed limits: 100 km / h in the open road, 50 km / h in built-up areas.
In Dunedin are the steepest streets in the world. The slope of Baldwin
Street is 38%.
Baldwin Street
New Zealand has direct flights from the Pacific Islands, all major cities in
Australia, many in East Asia as well as cities in North America and South
America. The main airport is Auckland International Airport in Mangere,
24 miles southwest of downtown Auckland. Hamilton International
Airport serves primarily the New Zealand lines and connections with
Australia. The airport in the capital - Wellington - has limited the
adoption of jet aircraft because of too short runways. New Zealand
*Air New Zealand
* Freedom Air (low cost carriers)
* JetConnect
* Origin Pacific Airways (domestic flights)
In large cities and tourist areas are also available helicopters.
Terminal between National Airport Auckland
North and South Islands are communicated modern ferry connections.
Ferries sail between Wellington and Picton. The journey takes 2-3 hours.
New Zealand is visited by many cruise ships, but do not work no foreign
regular passenger lines.
As in Gdynia in the
Wellington trolley ride
Iza Jaworska
Iza Wenderlich
Kamila Wysokińska
klasa II f