Visual Displays and Automation

download report

Transcript Visual Displays and Automation

Basic Definitions

CAPT James R. Fraser Naval Safety Center

The Naval Aviation Safety Program

To preserve human and material resources and eliminate hazards

OPNAVINST 3750.6R

Definitions

HAZARD

   

Cause of damage or injury Synonymous with mishap cause factors UNDER HUMAN CONTROL All hazards can be eliminated

INTENT FOR FLIGHT

Prerequisite for classification as mishap

Aircraft brakes released, or first motion of cat

Until taxi clear of runway or weight on wheels

What is a Naval Aircraft Mishap?

Unplanned events involving Naval air:

$10,000 or more of damage

Injury causing at least one lost workday

Exceptions:

Intentional

Criminal damage

FOD

Occupational illness

Injury during planned egress

When is a Mishap Over?

If fires are out and the area is safe

If pyrotechnics are secured

If survivors are safely rescued

If severely injured survivors are under medical care

If fatalities have been recovered

Damage and Injury

Mishap damage or injury

“Other” damage or injury

 

Damage less than that of a mishap In the course of a mishap, not causal

Physical Injuries

Bodily harm while involved with Naval Air, resulting in:

   

Fatality Permanent total disability Permanent partial disability One or more lost workdays

Injury Classification

Fatal Injury

Permanent Total Disability

Permanent Partial Disability

 

Injury Classification

Permanent Total Disability

 

Results in total incapacitation OR Loss of both hands, both eyes Permanent Partial Disability

Results in permanent impairment OR

Loss of any part of the body, great toe, thumb, with exceptions:

Teeth

Four smaller toes

Distal phalanx of any finger, 2 of little finger

Repairable hernia

Subcutaneous tissue

Injury Classification

Lost Workday Injury : an injury resulting in one or more lost workdays

Major:

>5 lost workdays, requires hospitalization OR

     

Unconsciousness >5 minutes due to head trauma Fx of any bone Traumatic dislocation of major joints Moderate to severe lacs resulting in hemorrhage Injury to any internal organ Any 3rd degree burn, or 1st/2nd over 5%

Minor:

Injury less than major, results in >1 lost workday

Injury Classification

 

First Aid Injury No Injury

 

Lost at Sea/Missing Missing/Unknown

Class A Mishap

Aircraft destroyed or missing

Fatality or

Permanent Total Disability

Total cost $1,000,000

Class B Mishap

An injury resulting in permanent partial disability

Hospitalization of 5 or more personnel

Total cost $200,000 to $1,000,000

Class C Mishap

An injury resulting in one or more lost workdays

Total cost $10,000 to $200,000

Mishap Categories

Flight Mishap

 

$10,000 or more damage Intent for Flight

Flight Related Mishap

  

Less than $10,000 aircraft damage Intent for Flight $10,000 total damage or injury

Aircraft Ground Mishap

 

No intent for flight $10,000 total damage or injury

Aircraft Mishap Board

Each Naval FM, FRM, and AGM shall be investigated in accordance with 3750.6 by an Aviation Mishap Board (AMB)

Mishap investigation and reporting shall take precedence over all other duties of members

Aircraft Mishap Board

Membership: Minimum of 4:

   

Flight surgeon Aviation Safety Officer Officer qualified in aircraft maintenance Officer qualified in aircraft operations

Aircraft Mishap Board

 

Personnel directly involved in the mishap shall not serve on the AMB For mishaps involving aircraft with crew, at least one member of AMB shall be NATOPS-qualified pilot

Individual with personal interests that might conflict with impartial AMB duties shall not be assigned to AMB

Aircraft Mishap Board

 

Under no circumstances may an expected endorser of an MIR serve as an AMB member AMB members may not serve on other investigations (JAG)

Aircraft Mishap Board

Officers from other services are authorized to serve on AMB, but may not be the Senior Member

Individuals whose expertise is not needed may be excused at the prerogative of the Senior Member

Aircraft Mishap Board The Senior Member

Officer

Commander involved in the mishap

aircraft controlling custodian

Naval Aviator or Naval Flight Senior to the PIC and Mission On all Class As, appointed by On all Class As, Grade O-5 or higher and a graduate of ASO/ASC

Aircraft Mishap Board

  

Each squadron maintains a standing AMB to immediately assume investigation responsibilities It may be replaced entirely, in part, or not at all Members shall maintain knowledge of 3750.6, Guide to Mishap Investigation, squadron safety program, and squadron premishap plan

Privilege

   

One of the AMB’s most important tools Responsibility of each AMB member to understand: Information from AMB’s work is privileged May be used only to improve Naval Aviation safety

Consultants to the AMB

Often requires the services of specialized personnel

Technical reps

Medical experts

 

Only necessary information will be given to consultants Privileged information will be limited to AMB members

Hazard Reporting

Purposes of HAZREPS

Report hazard and action taken

Report hazard and recommend corrective action

Report hazard so corrective action can be determined

Hazard Report or MIR?

HAZREP:

Potential hazard only

 

Actual damage or injury < mishap level If discovered during mishap investigation

Not a causal factor of mishap, and

NOT causal of other damage or injury MIR:

Actual damage or injury at mishap level

If discovered during mishap investigation

Not a causal factor of mishap, but

Causal of other damage or injury

Hazard Reports with Special Formats

Bird (and bat) strikes

Near midair collisions

Embarked landing hazards

Physiological episodes

Physiological Episode Hazard Reporting

  

reaction

Proven or suspected hypoxia CO poisoning/toxic exposure Decompression sickness/trapped gas Hyperventilation

   

Spatial disorientation Loss of consciousness Rapid decompression to FL 250 Other physiological problems

HAZREP SHOULD INCLUDE FS!!!

Any HAZREP:

SHALL NOT CONTAIN PRIVILEGED INFO!

reluctant to report

May be sent to NSC only if All severe risk HAZREPS within 24 hrs

 

All others within 30 days COMMAND MAY NOT CENSURE OR EDIT HAZREPS