Transcript Carlsberg - Changing an iconic slogan
Carlsberg - Changing an iconic slogan
Positionering och en framgångsrik sådan Hur främja ett varumärkes framgång Hur diversifiera en produktportfölj (BCG) Produktens prestanda under sin livslängd (PLC)
Identify Carlsberg’s current stage in terms of its Product Life Cycle
• • • A useful tool for conceptualizing the changes that may take place during the time that a product is on the market is called the product life cycle. The four stages of the product life cycle are introduction, growth, maturity and decline. Carlsberg is at the late stage of maturity. In this stage sales will eventually peak and stabilize as saturation occurs, hastening competitive shake-out as can be seen in the global beer market. Similarly, the need for effective brand building is felt most acutely during maturity
Strategic Objectives and the Boston Box The Boston Consulting Group’s (BCG’s) growth-share matrix is a simple technique borrowed from strategic management that has proved useful in helping companies to make product mix and/or product line decisions. The matrix allows portfolios of products to be depicted in a 2 × 2 box, the axes of which are based on market growth rate and relative market share. Stars • • • Build sales and/or market share Invest to maintain/increase leadership position Repel competitive challenges Problem children • • • Build selectively Focus on defendable niche where dominance can be achieved Harvest or divest the rest • • • Cash cows Hold sales and/or market share Defend position Use excess cash to support stars, selected problem children and new product development Dogs • • • Harvest or Divest or Focus on defendable niche
Relative market share
Carlsberg Group has a portfolio of over 500 brands varying significantly in volume, price, target audience and geographic penetration. Outline the benefits of using the Boston Consulting Group growth-share matrix to manage this portfolio to the Carlsberg Group. In what quadrant of the matrix would you place the Carlsberg brand?
• Carlsberg can use the matrix to assess market attractiveness and competitive strength of their brands. Having plotted the position of each product on the matrix, Carlsberg will be able to develop the appropriate strategic objective for each. The BCG matrix has four quadrants; stars, cash cows, problem children and dogs.
are cash drains because they have low profitability and require investment to enable them to keep up with market growth. Carlsberg can be classified as a problem child because the brand has low profitability and requires investment to enable them to keep up with market growth. • The Carlsberg group has made the choice to increase investment (build) to attempt to turn the problem child into a star. If the rebranding is unsuccessful then Carlsberg could move into the Dog quadrant.
The Anatomy of Brand Positioning
The anatomy of brand positioning is an analytical framework that can be used to dissect the current position of a brand in the marketplace, and to form the basis of a new brand positioning strategy. The strength of a brand’s position in the marketplace is built on six elements: brand domain, brand heritage, brand values, brand assets, brand personality and brand reflection.
Brand Heritage Brand Domination Brand Values Brand Positioning Brand Assets Brand Personality Brand Reflection
• • • • • •
Discuss using Figure 6.3 (the anatomy of brand positioning) the effect of Carlsberg’s new tagline on the positioning of the Carlsberg brand.
: the brand’s target market, i.e. where it competes in the marketplace. The rebranding has seen
Carlsberg actively target the younger generation of drinkers
: the background to the brand and its culture. Carlsberg has a rich heritage of innovation in the brewing industry
by introducing a number of important scientific developments
. This has been reinforced by Carlsberg in the new campaign e.g.
: the core values and characteristics of the brand. Carlsberg’s new tagline asks a new younger generation of drinkers to stand up and do the right thing and consequently,
reward themselves with a Carlsberg
: what makes the brand distinctive from other competing brands Carlsberg’s new
modernised packaging and visual identity (Crown)
will be important assets as part of this campaign. Features such as the
and relationships with sponsorship
partners such as UEFA
will be important factors in determining success.
: the character of the brand described in terms of other entities, such as people, animals or objects. The product design appeals to younger costumers.
: how the brand relates to self-identity; how the customer perceives him/herself as a result of buying/using the brand. Carlsberg have targeted the younger generation of drinkers and have positioned Carlsberg as a reward for achieving something in their daily lives.
Critically evaluate the advantages and risks associated with utilising a single global branding strategy for Carlsberg. Explain what is meant by a ‘glocal’ approach
Arguments for introducing a single branding strategy for Carlsberg include: • Carlsberg need to have a
global positioning strategy
in order to achieve the groups objective of becoming
a global beer icon
New slogan more contemporary and translates well across markets
10% of the overall Carlsberg group sales . This overcomes the difficulties in translation of the word probably which is important for growing market such as Asia. Sales of the Carlsberg brand only account for • The new approach has a greater appeal to younger consumers. This is important as Carlsberg have
clearly identified the market for which they are targeting with the campaign
• A new single global positioning strategy would allow Carlsberg to
gain significant economies of scale
Arguments against introducing a single branding strategy for Carlsberg include:
• • •
Campaign change is very risky. including the UK.
Carlsberg risk alienating some of their primary markets Large investment required with
no guarantee of success
By changing a long held and very successful slogan, Carlsberg
risk confusing customers by changing their marketing communication messages as well as introducing new brand values