Design of NAMAs
September 11 2012
United Nations Development Programme
What is a NAMA?
A group of feasible country driven activities leading to
measureable, reportable and verifiable GHG emissions
• Measurable: it should specify how many tons of GHG
will be reduced along a period of time.
• Reportable: the nature of the activities should be
documented so clear cause and effect can be evidenced.
The when, where, who, how and at what cost should be
documented and reported.
• Verifiable: it should pass satisfactorily a third party
verification of statements, reports and validity of
Key issues to consider while structuring a
A NAMA can take diverse forms but in order to upscale
mitigation efforts at global, regional and national levels the
following aspects should be considered:
• Comparability. Financing sources can compare apples to
• Compatibility. Sharing performance indicators and cobenefit analysis benchmarks eases the assessments for
• Coherence. Coherence with policy trends and funding
dynamics enable programmatic approaches instead of
• Capacity friendly. Compatibility and coherency will
shorten the learning curve for upscaling NAMAs.
Key components in NAMAs
A reference template may help to build capacities with the
same target across countries: enable them to design and
implement NAMAs. Such a template should have at least
the following components:
• Description of proposed activities: geographical and
sectoral boundaries, calendar, actors and roles,
assumptions and policy framework if any.
• Sectoral baseline and NAMA baseline.
• Estimation of emissions with and without the NAMA.
• Monitoring Plan. NAMA indicators and parameters.
• Management Plan.
• Phased Financial structure.
• Reporting Plan.
NAMA financing considerations
Phased Financial structure
What approaches are being taken for
1. Set policy
2. Align budget
4. Look for
4. Provide input
National context influences institutional setting for
Not always an umbrella policy (e.g. LEDS) is available, so
most NAMAs are being developed in parallel with policies,
this favors a bottom up approach in many cases.
NAMA ownership is a must in key actors.
Compatibility, Comparability and Coherence are key issues
to design NAMAs.
Phased and multi source financing is key for NAMA
implementation and impact.