ECOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION OF WATER BODIES IN SPAIN

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Transcript ECOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION OF WATER BODIES IN SPAIN

TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE FOR THE CONVERSION OF RBPAPs INTO RBMPs PRIORITY SUBSTANCES AND EQS’s IN THE PROYECT

INCEPTION WORKSHOP Istanbul 9 -11 February - 2015

José FERNÁNDEZ DEL PINO

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INDEX

WATER FRAMEWORK DIRECTIVE (WFD)

EUROPEAN LEGISLATION

SPANISH LEGISLATION

NEW LEGISLATION

ESTABLISHMENT OF EQS

EXPECTED ACTIVITIES

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WATER FRAMEWORK DIRECTIVE (WFD)

Article 4: Environmental objectives

Article 16: Strategies against pollution of water

Annex V: Procedure for the setting of chemical quality standards by Member States. (1.2.6)

Annex VIII: Indicative list of the main pollutants

Annex X: Priority Substances

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SPANISH LEGISLATION

REAL DECRETO 60/2011 environmental quality standards in surface water (continental and coastal).

DIRECTIVE 76/464/EEC hazardous substances REAL DECRETO 60/2011 SPANISH EQS DIRECTIVE 2009/90/EC technical specifications for chemical analysis and monitoring of water status.

DIRECTIVE 2000/60/EC WATER FRAMEWORK DIRECTIVE 2008/105/EC EQS DIRECTIVE 2013/39/EC UPDATE EQS … Review every six years

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SPANISH LEGISLATION: SPECIFIC POLLUTANTS RBD

     Discharges in significant quantities Emissions, Discharges and Losses  Significant?

Point sources  Discharge authorizations  E-PRTR inventory (Directive 2010/75/EU) Diffuse sources  Urban sewage  Agriculture  Pesticides  Fertilizers from urban sources  Atmospheric deposits  Leached soil, sediment Periodical analysis of substances list using screening techniques  Passive sampling  Performed on a preferably matrix  Log Kow ≥3 BCF≥100 Kow: octanol-water partition coefficients BCF: BioConcentration Factors

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NEW EUROPEAN LEGISLATION: Directive 2013/39/EU

 Changes in the WFD:   Revision of the list of priority substances every 6 years (with the RBMP) New Annex X of the WFD  Changes in the Directive 2008/105/EC. Update EQSs        Replace the article 2 Replace the article 3 Remove the article 4.4 and the article 5.6

Insert the article 7 a Replace the article 8 and the article 9 Update the annex I Remove the annex II and annex III

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NEW EUROPEAN LEGISLATION

Directive 2013/39/EU

    45 priority substances  7 EQSs revised with specific checking   22 Dec 2018: operational monitoring program.

 22 Dec 2021: EQSs will compute for good chemical status.

12 new substances (recently identified)  22 Dec 2018 : operational monitoring program.

 22 Dec 2021: EQSs will compute for good chemical status.

The usual matrix is water An alternative matrix can be used (art. 3):  The technical criteria of the directive 2009/90/EC.

 50% Uncertainty QL < 30 % EQS In other cases:   “using best available techniques not entailing excessive costs”

“that the method of analysis performs at least as well as that available for

the matrix specified” Frecuency:  Water: mothly.

 Sediment or biota: annual.

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NEW EUROPEAN LEGISLATION

Directive 2013/39/EU

 Trend analysis:  Member States shall arrange for the long-term trend analysis of concentrations of those priority substances listed in Part A of Annex I that tend to accumulate in sediment and/or biota

No (2) (5) (6) (7) (12) (15) (16) (17) (18) (20) (21) Name of substances

Anthracene Brominated diphenylethers Cadmium and its compounds Chloroalkanes, C 10-13 Di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP) Fluoranthene Hexachlorobenzene Hexachlorobutadiene Hexachlorocyclohexane Lead and its compounds Mercury and its compounds

No (26) (28) (30) (34) (35) (36) (37) (43) (44) Name of substances

Pentachlorobenzene Pentachlorophenol Polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) Dicofol Perfluorooctane sulfonic acid and its derivatives (PFOS) Quinoxyfen Dioxins and dioxin-like compounds Hexabromocyclododecanes (HBCDD) Heptachlor and heptachlor epoxide  Monitoring should take place every three years

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NEW EUROPEAN LEGISLATION

Directive 2013/39/EU

“Additional maps” with the chemical status (Article 8a):  May supply additional maps, individually, providing information on the degree of deviation from the EQS for:  16 historic substances (Brominates diphenylethers, Mercury, PAHs, TBT, PFOS, Dioxins, Hexabromocyclododedecane (HBCDD), heptachlor and heptachlor epoxide)   Statistically robust baseline Monitoring every three years  7 substances with specific checking  12 new substances (recently identified)

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NEW EUROPEAN LEGISLATION

Directive 2013/39/EU

 Watch list (Article 8b):  The Commission shall established the first watch list by 14 September 2014 (?) and shall update it every 24 months thereafter.  Maximum of 10 substances or groups of substances   They may present a significant risk at European Union for the fresh environment When the monitoring data are insufficient.  These parameters shall be included in the first watch list :    Diclofenac (CAS 15307-79-6), 17-beta-estradiol (E2) (CAS 50-28-2) 17-alpha-ethinylestradiol (EE2) (CAS 57-63-6)  Each Member State shall select the representative monitoring stations. (14 September 2015)

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NEW EUROPEAN LEGISLATION

Directive 2013/39/EU

 Pharmaceutical substances (Article 8c):  The Commission  Is studding the risks that may be presented by medicinal products in the environment  will develop a strategic approach to pollution of water by pharmaceutical substances before 13 September 2015.

 In the framework of strategic approach:  Proposed measures will be taken to reduced the possible environmental impacts of pharmaceutical substances  And reduced discharges, emissions and losses of such substances into the aquatic environment, taking into account public health needs and the cost-effectiveness of the proposed measures.

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ESTABLISHMENT OF EQS (WFD)

   EQS may be set for water, sediment or biota.

Where possible, both acute and chronic data shall be obtained for the taxa set out below:  Algae and/or macrophytes, Daphnia or representative organisms for saline waters, Fish.

Member States shall set appropriate safety factors in each case consistent with the nature and quality of the available data and the safety factor set out in the table:

At least one acute L(E)C50 from each of three trophic levels of the base set One chronic NOEC (either fish or daphnia or a representative organism for saline waters) Two chronic NOECs from species representing two trophic levels (fish and/or daphnia or a representative organism for saline waters and/or algae) Chronic NOECs from at least three species (normally fish, daphnia or a representative organism for saline waters and algae) representing three trophic levels Other cases, including field data or model ecosystems, which allow more precise safety factors to be calculated and applied Safety factor

1000 100 50 10 Case-by-case assessment

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ESTABLISHMENT OF EQS (WFD)

   Where data on persistence and bioaccumulation are available, these shall be taken into account in deriving the final value of the environmental quality standard; The standard thus derived should be compared with any evidence from field studies. Where anomalies appear, the derivation shall be reviewed to allow a more precise safety factor to be calculated; The derived standard shall be subject to peer review and public consultation including to allow a more precise safety factor to be calculated.

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ESTABLISHMENT OF EQS

CONTROL AND SURVEILLANCE QUALITY ELEMENTS (Physical chemical) Thermal conditions Oxygenation Salinity Nutrient status Acidification status Other pollutants Priority substances INDICATOR

Average water temperature Dissolved O2,% saturation of oxygen, BOD 5 Conductivity pH NH4, NO3, PO4 Specific pollutants discharged in significant quantities Priority substances discharged in significant quantities

MONITORING FREQUENCY

3 months 1 month

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ESTABLISHMENT OF EQS

STATUS OF THE WATER BODIES

Ecological Status Chemical Status National or RBD risk European risk Preferred Substances Specific pollutants RBD National Legislation Priority Substances and other pollutants European Directives

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EXPECTED ACTIVITIES

Determination of relevant substances per river basin (1/2)

Methodology: A specific analysis of each river basin will be used. This desk work is closely related to the study of pressures and impacts. The location of each of the contaminants and waste water industries will be considered to determine whether they discharge liquid or solid products. Also, it will be analysed in those activities that are planned to work on the discharge, the pollutant load, volume and composition. A list will be made for each river basin district (or even a lower level like sectors or ecoregions) of the most common types of industries, irrigation areas, etc. and the list of hazardous substances that are more frequent and more persistent. This list will also then be confirmed with the initial sampling campaigns as a screening process. Sampling will be done in all the monitoring points of surveillance and operational networks. All hazardous substances will be analyzed in the laboratory and it will confirm whether they are currently present in the water bodies or not. If none of the specific pollutants are detected after an acceptable number of samples, additional samples and analysis of these substances may be excluded in order to increase cost-benefit of the monitoring programmes.

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EXPECTED ACTIVITIES

Determination of relevant substances per river basin (2/2)

Actions:

Action 1: Prepare a GIS layer with the pressures classified by type Action 2: Analyze the pressures/industries/irrigation areas… which discharge into water bodies (directly or indirectly). Action 3: Sort and organize industries by the type of discharge. Action 4: Perform several samples to confirm that there are pollutants in the water. Action 5: Compare the list of the real contaminants to the list obtained in desk to locate the possible points of contamination.  Output: Draw up the list of most polluting substances to locate possible points of contamination, assess the status of water body and programme of measures to mitigate such sources of contamination.

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EXPECTED ACTIVITIES

Drafting a legal text for transposing the EQS Directive

Methodology: The transposition of the implementation of the Directive on Environmental Quality Standards is foremost a responsibility of the Beneficiary. The consultant will support this transposition by making available the best legal experience from EU member states. Especially the experience of relatively new member states like Slovakia and Slovenia may be of interest.  Actions: first a transposition table and draft text will be made, on the basis of the best EU experience that there is. Secondly this transposition table and the draft legal text will be checked with the Beneficiary, amongst others the legal departments.  Output: A draft legal text to transpose the Directive on Environmental Quality Standards

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THANK YOU TEŞEKKÜRLER