Entrepreneurship in Biotechnology: The Case of Slovenia
Osijek, September, 19, 2009
GEA College of Entrepreneurship
• • • • • • • MSc and PhD in business, BSc in engineering 19 years of managerial, board and entrepreneurial experience in private sector and public administration with 13 years parallel teaching and research Director of the Research institute and assistant professor at GEA College of entrepreneurship, president of the senate Research: Entrepreneurship and VC Biotech experience : From VC research, targeted research in the bio-tech sctor and some consulting experience Proud husband and father Drummer in an amateur rock band for almost 30 years
Methodology for this Study
• A qualitative research among six existing companies in Slovenia: – Limnos d.o.o.
– Bio-techna d.o.o.
– Celica d.o.o.
– Bia d.o.o.
– Educell d.o.o.
– Bia Separations d.o.o.
– Acies Bio d.o.o.
• Overview of other practises • Consulting case from SLO
Biotech (entrepreneurship) features
• • • • Academic research is driving the industry In SLO: All entrepreneurs are PhDs Many techniques, skills, processes, etc. fit under the umbrella A huge number of markets, products and services is and will be influenced by the technology In SLO: health, food, industrial…
• • • • • • • • • •
Expectations from Biotechnology are High
To be the basis for
the knowledge based economy
jobs and wealth
cure and prevent diseases.
increase survival improve patients’ quality of life
the world To return to the
plant based economy
To help the
• • • •
Biotech and Entrepreneurship Have RISK in Common
(Rothaermel & Deeds, 2004)
High degree of uncertainty: – – – – What we’re going to do with it?
How it is going to work?
What can be achieved?
How will it be manufactured?
(In SLO: completely confirmed) Long and expensive product development cycle Required investors and partners (In SLO: VC gap) The potential for serious challenges to the legitimacy of the industry (In SLO: Some failures with negative publicity)
Profit & Wealth Will be Created When Product Delivers Value to Consumers!
• • • Technologies do not create big wins unless they become a breakthrough consumer technology. (In SLO: People still do not understand what business is about, inluding inteviewed companies) Selling stuff to each other moves the money but doesn’t create a vibrant, growing and sustainable industry.
(In SLO: Very relevant!!!) Only when the technology creates real value for end users so that sustainable revenues are generated and wealth is created.
The Times are turbulent
• • • • The industry and segments will fall in and out of interest of investors.
Ability to raise capital depends on the successes and failures of the other firms in your market.
Bad actors and bad acts hurt everyone.
In SLO: 2006-07 everybody spoke about bio-tech. A failure of a company happened. Evrebody knew it. Everybody feels that this was a downturn of the industry.
• • Big partners are generally a necessary evil Research institutions often behave as they were alone in the space, but those ventures that learn to work with them benefit from the relationship (in SLO: Completely confirmed) : – – – – Leading-edge knowledge Skilled work force Legitimacy Access to specific assets • Partnering with other competitors “ventures” can be beneficial, but involves a risk of helping (In SLO: A fear of this is very present)
Academics and Science
• • • The Role of Public Science • Primary goal is creation and dissemination of new knowledge that expands our understanding of the world • Secondary goal is to improve the lives of the people of the world Academics succeed by publishing interesting findings in top academic journals that inspire others to build on their work.
(in SLO: Completely confirmed) Status in “Public Science” is conferred by sharing – you have to present and publish to be a player and players get stature and access to new knowledge and higher skilled researchers.
(it is true for SLO)
Place to be…
• Geographic clusters provide substantial benefits including: – Access to specialized labour – Specialized Suppliers • Lawyers • • Investors Specialized assets, machinery and inputs • Knowledge Spillovers • Outcomes from being located in a geographic cluster – Higher Probability of IPO – Higher Value at IPO – More attractive to partners – Higher survival rate • Clusters in science-driven industries have at least one great research institution at their heart • Idea : If we don’t have one, we may be able to establish one by pulling together all the best we have! Idea from the research: Slovenia is to small…
Risk Taken by Biotech-Entrepreneurs
• Research risks • IPR risks • Financial risks • Regulatory risks • Market risk • Unfortunately: political risks (in SLO: Completely confirmed)
My Case: Consulting to Bio-tech Company
• • • Academic research driven Core team: – Senior : Professor (as “mentor”) – Junior : his PhD project • Project good enough for PhD and papers but not “prototype mature” Raising VC to complete the project
One of the Projects…
• • • • • • Fire-blight as global problem Bacteria Copper substances: traditional way of preventive treatment Antibiotics
Economically: Substitutes for the two methods, more efficient, environment friendly, more cost-effective
Lessons Learned From Consulting Project
• • •
: Difficult to competently consult something that you don’t understand
model : – Key people would prefer academic rather than entrepreneurial life – Bright minded PhD guy was able to write a reasonably good business plan (technically) however, – With lack of immagination of the appropriate business – And probably also lack of commitment for entrepreneurship
: Had many less risky and more “on-the planet Earth” projects to invest at that time (2005)
What can be done?
• Increase entrepreneurial culture among young people from craft-men to junior academics – make them participate in at least one business plan preparation.
• Stimulate clustering and partnership (both horizontally and vertically).
• Support multidiscliplinarity, make science and business students work together (Bologna should allow that).
• Attract bigger VC players to come to see what is going on in SLO.
• Recognize winners (heroes) also by not expelling them from their academic streamlines: PhD entrepreneurs may have less time for publishing but may be add an enormous value to students (see bullet one).