Effective Teaching

download report

Transcript Effective Teaching

A smooth running classroom is the result of implementing appropriate rules and procedures so that students know what is expected. Either you set the standards, or your students will.

efficient effective

Classroom management Mastery teaching Effective Teacher Positive expectations

Well managed classroom High achievement level Positive expectations

What students want to know when they enter your classroom on the first day: Am I in the right room?

Your room is clearly labelled and welcoming Where am I supposed to sit?

Assign students a seat What are the rules in this classroom?

Identify your class rules and discipline plan

What will I be doing this year?

Who is the teacher as a person?

Will I be treated as a human being?

Prepare a script

Why the First Day of School is so important

What is done on the first day will to a large extent, determine the success of that class.

On the First Day of School Greet students personally as they enter the room.

On the First Day of School Assign seats to students

On the First Day of School Instruct students to begin the assignment at their desks as soon as they find their seat.

I put an assignment on the board every single I put an assignment on the board every single day before the students came in to my classes. I now have one of the smoothest running classrooms, and the students produce more for me now than at any other time.

Shirley Bert Lee, Elementary Teacher The First Days of School

First Day Assignment

‘Bell Work’

reading math revision spelling colouring drawing

The one, single, most important factor governing student learning is classroom management.

Educational Leadership, January 1994

Classroom Discipline Plan

Discipline Procedures Routine

Discipline Plan

No more than 5 rules Post the plan where it can be seen

Rules Have Consequences

Never make a rule that you are not willing to enforce every time

Rules

Consequences

Praise Whole class PAT

Rewards

Movie and popcorn party Joy of learning

The number one problem in classrooms is not discipline; it is the lack of procedures and routines.

The First Days of School, p167

Procedures to teach On the First Day of School Entering the classroom Movement of students Starting work as soon as they enter “bell work” Quieting a class Students seeking help End of lesson

Without procedures and routines there is no structure.

Without structure, no one knows what to do.

Without procedures and routines there is no structure.

Without structure, no one knows what to do.

Teaching Procedures:

Explain, Rehearse, Reinforce

Explain: state, explain, model and demonstrate the procedure.

Rehearse: rehearse and practice the procedure under your supervision.

Reinforce: reteach, rehearse, practice, reinforce.

Procedure for quieting a class

When you hear me ring the bell ... Stop Look and Listen

If you want your students to do something, they must physically do it and do it and do it and do it over and over again.

... Until it is right

Waiting in line procedure 1.Feet together 2.Arms at side 3.No talking

Computer lab procedure 1. Wash hands 2. No more than 2 people at a computer 3. Clean the area before you leave 4. Log out of all programs 5. If it is the end of the day, close down the computer.

Your procedures will become routines Keep rehearsing • Until procedures become routine Congratulate • On doing it correctly Do it again • At the next opportunity until it becomes a routine

Procedures = achievement and responsible behaviour

Teach Responsible behaviour

Clean up handing out Clean up Bulletin Board General Chores

Identify the procedures you need for your classroom and teach them as the need presents            When students are late Asking for help Responding to help Listening and responding to questions When you need paper/pencil Sharpening pencils Turning in papers When absent When someone enters the room Working co-operatively An emergency alert           When you need help Procedures for finishing early Playground equipment Keeping work area tidy Walking in the hallway Going to the library Using computers When absent Going to the toilet Using the water fountain

Managing Behaviour

It has been estimated that a teacher makes more decisions in an hour than an air traffic controller.

Tools for Teaching, Fred Jones

Your Room – placement of furniture

‘work the crowd’ Make eye contact with those at a distance

Green: Clear to goof off – teacher not nearby

Managing stress will enable you to manage the classroom more effectively Remaining calm in the face of stress, is a skill If you are calm, you will have a calming effect on those around you

What you say non-verbally will have a greater impact than what you say verbally

Managing classroom disruptions Calm the student •Get them back on task

Focus on small disruptions Big disruptions grow from small disruptions

Discipline or instruction?

 A difficult choice?

How big is the disruption How important is the assignment?

Of course the problem is small of course the lesson is important But you cannot turn a blind eye No means no

every time

At some point, dealing with the same provocations from the same students over and over again will become personal.

Being consistent

If you respond based upon your feelings, you can

never

be consistent.

Managing classroom disruptions Learn to Relax

Reading students body language

Non compliance

Reading students body language

With good eye contact there is a tension between the teacher and the student that builds with each passing second.

Walk over to the green zone

Move towards the disruptive student Say their names in a flat tone of voice

 Walk to the edge of the desk, stand relaxed and upright  Look at feet and legs  Visual prompt to move fully around  If half attempt given to you Verbal prompt  Rest your weight on both palms, watch and wait  Wait long enough for a stable return to work  If you are given eye prompts student looks up and down, stay down  Thank the student and stay down, watch and wait.

Moving In

 Repeat the process with the second student  Stand slowly after thanking the second student  If Eyes up, eyes down : wait  as you leave, turn fully towards disrupters Do not move away too quickly

Moving Out

Work the crowd Use eye contact

Camouflage

Protect student from embarrassment Arrive at the disrupter’s desk and give a knowing look

Effective teachers:

    Apply Rules, consequences and rewards Implement Procedures Plan ahead Assignments posted daily

Be a top professional

      Join Associations Attend Conferences Subscriptions Internet groups Set up a personal learning network Learn from experts around you

                         Images: lightbulb, Joe Colburn Classroom by Dave_mcmt Kids Painting, image by pingu1963 School entrance by Dave-mcmt Teacher, by EditorB Blackboard kid, image taken from friendofsnails Handshake by sudama http://www.flickr.com/photos/[email protected]/16557880 Chalkboard background to school boy, by winged photography School boy, by tomfhaines Desks, by Ben Werdmuller Slide 11, classroom by Liz Marie Notepad image by efekt Bell work, school door image by Dave_mcmt Discipline classroom by EditorB Rules by faeryboots Classroom rules by szlea Rewards image by (classroom) LizMarie Shhh by said&done Responsible behavour, tidy area in classroom by LizMarie Cloud question mark by fontplaydotcom School building by Dave_mcmt Rehearse image by yeowatzup Gymnastic image (poutre) by Raoheal Goetter Rehearse2 by markwick Ballet image by nayrb7

                               Classroom rules by LindaH Parking image by J aako Broken light bulb image by Kyle May Slide 25, Well ordered classroom by glassbeednorth Classroom 2, by glassbeednorth Slide 34, Forming a line image, by woodleywonderworks Pencil image by arquera Computer lab, laffy4K Practising routine, image by pingu1963 Playing piano by flickrized Classroom (empty desks) by saibotregeel Clock image by tamelyn Crowd control (image for fill) by James Cridland Traffic light image by Johnmarchan Calm picture, island, by eindzel On task, image by pingu1963 Mad expression by kevin dooley Discipline image by hyperscholar Blind eye, image by DerrekT Students at desks by hoyasmeg Expression, body language by EditorB Relax by *Hini* Student sitting at desk, image by foundphotosli Smiley face image by xtheowl Portrait by flikr Green light by James Cridland Moving In image, classroom by hoyasmeg Moving Out image by peidianlong Camouflage by jmurawski Jones, F, 2007, Tools for Teaching, Fredric Jones & Associates Wong, H & R, 2004, The First Days of School, Harry K Wong Publications