The Prince

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Transcript The Prince

The Prince
By Niccolo Machiavelli
Shea, Renee H. and Lawrence Scanlon. Teaching Nonfiction in AP English: A Guide
to Accompany 50 Essay. Boston: Bedford/St. Martins, 2005.
Words to Know
• Contrast
– Placing opposed ideas, images, or both, to heighten or clarify a
scene, theme, or episode
• Juxtaposition
– Placing 2 or more ideas next to each other in order to compare
or contrast
• Antithesis
– Fundamentally, contrasting ideas sharpened by the use of
opposite or noticeably different meanings
• Irony
– Subtly humorous perception of inconsistency, in which an
apparently straightforward statement or event is undermined by
its context so as to give it a very different significance
• Paradox
– An apparently self-contradictory statement which, on closer
inspection, is found to contain a truth reconciling the conflicting
opposites
Words to Know
• Analogy
– A word or thing similar or parallel to another
– Illustration of an idea by means of a more familiar
idea that is similar or parallel to it in some significant
features
• Allusion
– An indirect or passing reference to some event,
person, place, or artistic work, the nature and
relevance of which is not explained by the writer but
relies on the reader’s familiarity with what is thus
mentioned
• Supposition
– An assumption or hypothesis
Pay Attention & Take Notes
• Background from The Prince as translated
and introduced by George Bull.
• Covers
– Background
– Links to the Devil
– Historical Context
– Florentine History
– Machiavelli’s Place in Florentine History
– His Works
– Conclusions
Task 1
ST-TAPLES
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Subject
Theme
Tone
Audience
Purpose
Language
Evidence
Speaker
Task 2
• In your groups
– Do a general read of the piece
• What is Machiavelli’s purpose?
– Discuss what Machiavelli is saying specifically
in your assigned section
• Define any words you do not know
• What are his assertions?
• What are his proofs (evidence)?
Task 3A
• For your assigned section, answer the following
questions
• Be prepared to share your findings with the class
at our next meeting (homework)
– Introduction (paragraphs 1-2) Group A
• In the first paragraph, Machiavelli states that his
consideration of the subject of leadership will differ from that
of others who have considered it. Specifically, in what way
does he say his approach will differ?
• In his first two paragraphs, does Machiavelli appeal primarily
to ethos, logos, or pathos? Explain
• Provide several examples of juxtapositions and antitheses
from the first two paragraphs. Explain their rhetorical effect.
Task 3B
• For your assigned section, answer the following
questions
• Be prepared to share your findings with the class
at our next meeting (homework)
– Introduction (paragraphs 1-2) Group B
• Provide several examples of juxtapositions and antitheses
from the first two paragraphs. Explain their rhetorical effect.
• In the second paragraph the speaker says that “a prince
must be shrewd enough to avoid the public disgrace of those
vices that would lose him his estate.” Explain an underlying
assumption behind that statement.
• Identify a rhetorical shift in paragraph 2.
Task 3C
• For your assigned section, answer the
following questions
• Be prepared to share your findings with
the class at our next meeting (homework)
– On Generosity and Parsimony (paragraphs 35)
• Does paragraph 4 use a claim from the previous
paragraph as its support? Explain.
• Identify an appeal to logos in paragraph 4.
• Explain the effect of the series of words “loot,
extortion, and plunder” in paragraph 5
Task 3D
• For your assigned section, answer the following
questions
• Be prepared to share your findings with the class
at our next meeting (homework)
– Of Cruelty and Compassion, and Whether It Is Better
to Be Loved or Feared (paragraphs 6-12)
• Identify the claims and support put forth in paragraph 7. Use
our terminology from the Declaration of Independence to help
you evaluate these claims.
• Identify and explain an assumption underlying the speaker’s
position in paragraphs 7 and 8.
• Explain how the structure of the first sentence of paragraph
12 helps to strengthen its rhetorical point.
Task 3E
• For your assigned section, answer the
following questions
• Be prepared to share your findings with
the class at our next meeting (homework)
– How Princes Should Honor Their Word
(paragraphs 13-19)
• Identify several contrasts the speaker presents in
the last section, paragraphs 12-17.
• Explain the nature of the paradox at the end of the
piece.
Task 4
• Define the following words
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Pragmatist
Idealist
Cynic
Optimist
Satirist
Critical
Resigned
Equity
Integrity
Feckless
Gullible