Scotland in 850-1100

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Transcript Scotland in 850-1100

“A fool thinks himself to be wise, but a wise man knows himself to be a fool” – William Shakespeare

No one knows for sure, but Shakspear’s most common date of birth 23, 1564.

is: April Once again no one knows his exact death 23, 1616 date but it thought to be: April

• There is a period of his life that is not documented which is known as his “lost • YeArs” No one knows what he really looks like because there are no • portraits of him.

He did not go to college or a university

• • • • • Built two different Global Theatres Never published any of his own plays There are 80 different spellings of his name Due to textual evidence, Shakespeare may have been bisexual He has said to have invented to word ‘AssAssinAtion’

• • • • • Married Anne Hathaway who was twice his own age Had a baby six months after they were married Entire family was illiterate Grandchildren died leaving no descendants In his will, he left his second best bed to his wife

Scotland in 850-1100

• • This time in history is often referred to as The Viking Age, because Scandinavian Vikings explored many parts of Europe during this time.

During this time, the Scottish population is estimated to be between 500,000 and 1,000,000 people.

Geography of Scotland

• • • Bordered England, Norway, Galloway, Denmark, and Ireland.

Kingdom of the Scots was divided into three to five zones throughout time.

Geographical boundaries were often inconsistent and not exact.


• • • Scotland was a monarchy, however many regions of Scotland were governed by Gaelics.

Regions of the kingdom were governed by other rulers, both royal and not royal.

Government and laws directed towards honor and importance of family.

Notable Rulers

• • • • • • • • • Kenneth I – 850-860 Donald MacAlpin – 860-864 Constantine I – 864-877 Constantine II – 900-942 Malcom I – 942-954 Kenneth III – 997-1004 Duncan I – 1034-1040 Macbeth – 1040-1051 Malcom III – 1058-1093

• • • The economic system was not as defined as it is today.

It was dominated by agriculture Also consumers dealt mainly with short distance and local trade.


• • In Scotland during this time it was mostly Christian recognizing the Crusades that were happening around the world.

Scotland was made up of cathedrals, churches, ministries, relics, and shrines.

• • • • In 1054 the Christian Church divides into east and west branches 1095 the first “Holy Wars” or Crusades begin.

In about 800 c.e. the Sung Dynasty ruled over China There wasn’t much trade going on between countries unless they were bordering nations.

• Latin was the common language for this time periods writings. – Since the church was the main source of education and the church spoke Latin, therefore mostly everyone knew Latin.

The dominant forms of literature during this time were religious works and writings - It was not until the 11 century when the subject of “courtly love” became important


• • In history there was a king Macbeth, who is supposedly the source for Shakespeare's title character in “The Tragedy of Macbeth” Macbeth Was the King of Albana from 1040 to 1057 who seized the Scottish monarch after killing his processor, Duncan I. ex.asp