LOSS OF ABILITY TO FEED INDEPENDENTLY

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Transcript LOSS OF ABILITY TO FEED INDEPENDENTLY

LOSS OF ABILITY TO FEED
INDEPENDENTLY
Amy, Hayley and Aimee.
WAYS OF LOSSING THE ABILITY TO
FEED INDEPENDENTLY
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STROKE
DEMENTIA / ALZHEIMERS
BRAIN DAMAGE
SEVERE CASES OF MENTAL DISABILITY.
PARALYZED FROM THE NECK DOWNWARDS.
PARKINSONS DISEASE
CANCER
WHAT IS A STROKE…..
• A stroke happens when the blood supply to part of the
brain is cut off by a blood clot or a ruptured artery or
blood vessel.
• brain cells are then damaged or die.
strokes can damage:
• bodily functions
• our thought processes
• our ability to learn, and
• how we feel and communicate
Different degrees of strokes
• Depending on which part of the brain is
affected and how fast it is treated can also
determine the severity and affect abilities.
• Some people may experience mini strokes
which are called TIA’s
• Bell’s palsy – which is a facial paralysis (this is
only temporary)
How to identify a stroke….
• http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CpR5_LQC
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How these will affect an individuals
ability to feed themselves.
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Inability to chew and swallow solid foods.
A weakness of one side of the body.
Unable to pick up cutlery
Unable to cut food up and then feed
themselves.
• Inability to understand the concept of eating.
How can you over come these
problems…..
• Specialised equipment like cutlery, lighter and
deeper bowls, beakers, plate guards and many
more.
• Physiotherapy
• Occupational therapy
• Speech and language therapist.
• PEG feeds
• Carer to help feed the patient.
• Tube feeding e.g. NG tubes
Diet
• Strict diet plans – avoiding foods that are high in
salt, sugar, cholesterol and saturated fats.
• Chewy foods like meat need to be minced or
pureed.
• Avoid foods which are small and could easily be
choked on.
• Pureed or softer option diets.
• Soft sticky foods should be avoided.
• Avoid mixing textures of foods together.
WHAT MIGHT HAPPEN IF IT IS LEFT
UNTREATED……
• Patients may become malnourished or under nourished.,
leading to a loss of weight.
• May cause them to develop a deficiency like anaemia.
• Will effect the individual being involved in social activities
like going out for meals.
• This may then cause the individual to become low and then
become depressed.
• Having to be dependent on someone to feed them- lose of
independence.
• In severe cases they may have to have a PEG tube put in
place.
• The patient may need vitamin supplements or ensure juices
or milkshakes if they are deficient in certain nutrients.