Cro-Magnon -

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Transcript Cro-Magnon -

In this PowerPoint, you will learn about the spectacular,
amazing Cro-Magnon who lived 40,000 years ago. You will
learn about why the Cro-Magnon are one-of-a-kind. CroMagnons were the first kind of Homo Sapiens before the
modern humans. Cro-Magnon were also widely known for
their cave art.
Now sit back, relax, and enjoy this amazing PowerPoint!!!!!!
Dates and Place of Existence
• Cro-Magnon lived up to 40,000 through 10,000 years ago.
• They spread throughout Asia, Europe, and Africa.
• Cro-Magnon crossed a land bridge during the Ice Age to get
to North and South America from Asia, Europe, and Africa.
They did this following their prey.
• Cro-Magnon people came at the end of the Ice Age after the
Neanderthals were already around.(1)
• They were discovered by a man named Louis Lartet.(2)
Physical Appearance
• Cro-Magnon had the same shaped skulls and bodies as
modern humans.
• They had pointed chins and rounded brain cases.
• Their eyebrows had small ridges and they had flatter
• Cro-Magnon had smaller noses and jaws than earlier humans.
• Their mouths had tinier and more crowded teeth. (3)
Fire was a vital part of the Cro-Magnon people’s culture. Fire
was the only source of heat and light in the caves in which
they lived. The fire in front of the caves kept them warm from
the cold, and it also kept animals away so the Cro-Magnon
were safe from attack in their homes. Fire was also used to
herd animals to hunt them by driving the prey off the edge of
a cliff. Fire could be used to drive animals away as well. Fire
was the only means for cooking food, and it was the only
source of light at night. Fire was very important to their
culture (4).
Cro-Magnon usually lived in caves or huts. They used large
bones to build a shelter. They covered these with animal skins
and stuck the skin in the ground with animal leg bones. CroMagnon were also cave-dwellers. They lived under openfaced rock overhangs. Underground caves were used for
ceremonies and burials. Sometimes Cro-Magnon people
made tepee-like huts to live in. They also covered these with
warm fur. Long huts had many rooms, and in each room was a
fire to keep warm. When Cro-Magnon traveled they lived in
sturdy and portable tents.(5)
Cro-Magnon were the first humans to have a clear
speech. They were capable of getting a more advanced
language. They passed down stories, traditions, and
knowledge. Speaking let them work together, share what
they were thinking, and organize groups to gather and hunt
food. Communication helped Cro-Magnon have a better life
and a stronger culture.(6)
Cro-Magnon used animal hide to make their clothes . They
stretched the hide to make it easy to cut and shape. Out of
the hide they made dresses, tunics, pants, wraps, and other
styles of clothing. They bore holes in the skin and sewed the
clothes together with sinew or animal tendon and bone
needles. For extra decoration, they would add on little
shells, rocks, or beads. They made jewelry out of bits of
eggshell, stones, shells and, fish bones.(7)
Cro-Magnon ate various kinds of food.
Women and children gathered together fruits, vegetables, and things they could
Some of the things they collected were carrots, beets, onions, berries, seeds,
nuts, and eggs.
They preserved the food by drying them out in the sun.
Sometimes they would catch small mammals in snares and nets made of sinew.
Men were the hunters of the culture.
The game they caught were large mammals, Wooly Rhinoceros, Mammoths, and
Saber-Tooth Tigers.
They used traps and bows and arrows to hunt.
When they fished they used woven nets, spears, and even poison to kill the
Daily life
Cro-Magnon men hunted
for food and meat. They had
not learned how to
domesticate animals. They
hunted most of the day.
Some times they would
drive a stampede of horses
off a cliff to eat their meat
and use the bones. Daily life
for Cro-Magnon was pretty
Women and Children
Cro-Magnon women
collected fruits and veggies
with the children. They
didn’t know how to harvest
crops yet. They preserved
the food so it would last
longer and they could save
it. Daily life for them wasn’t
that easy.(8)
Tools and Weapons
Cro-Magnon people had several types of weapons and
tools. They made tools out of materials such as bones,
stones, rocks, sticks, and antlers. Some of the tools they
created handmade were burins, which were axe\chisel-like
tools, awls, bone needles, and straight-backed knives.
Hunters used to hunt, but they invented throwing sticks to
get better aim and shot. Bows and arrows allowed them to
have several shots at the prey they were hunting. CroMagnon people left nothing to waste.(9)
Cro-Magnon people were the first people to learn how to
carve, paint, sculpt and use color. They mainly sculpted
chubby female figures that scientists believed were totems or
gods. Sculptures were made of bone, ivory, antlers, and stone.
• Most of their artwork was found in caves. Their first paintings
were scenes of hunting groups and animals. Few plants and
people were in the paintings. They made paint by grinding
rocks into powders and then mixing it in with mammal fat.
Red, orange, brown, yellow, and black were the colors they
made. Brushes were made from hair tied to small bones. CroMagnon were most famous for their cave paintings.(10)
Scientists believe that Cro-Magnon were more religious than
earlier humans. They also were the first to believe in afterlife.
When a person died, the shaman, or religious leader, would
lead the funeral, and the whole tribe would participate. They
would bury the body with tools, weapons, and food so that
the dead person could survive in the afterlife. After they
made the grave, they covered it with dirt and stones. CroMagnon were a very religious type of early human.(11)
We hope you enjoyed learning about the
culture of Cro-Magnon and how they lived!
Cro-Magnon was a one-of-a-kind tribe that
lived up to 40,000 years ago! Learning about
them was really interesting!
Thank you for watching this PowerPoint!!!
• Did Cro-Magnon people fish or not? If they
did, what did they use to hunt the fish?
• How did Cro-Magnon make their clothes and
what did they use to sew them together?
• Did they believe in the afterlife, and if they
did, how did they prepare the dead body?
1. They fished with nets and nooses.
2. They made their clothes by sewing
stretched leather together with
3. They prepared for afterlife by
keeping tools, food, and needs to
(1) Kearns, Marsha, “Homo Sapien: Cro-Magnons,” Early Humans,
Creative Teaching Press, CA,1993, pp. 88 -90.
(2) “Cro-Magnon,” Cro-Magnon,
(3) California Vistas Ancient Civilizations, Macmillan McGraw-Hill, NY,
2007, pp.78-84.
(4) Kearns, Marsha, “Homo Sapien: Cro-Magnons,” Early Humans, p. 88.
(5) Ibid.
(6) Ibid, p. 89.
(7) Ibid, p. 90.
(8) Ibid.
(9) Ibid, p. 89.
(10) Ibid, p. 90.
(10) Ibid.
California Visits Ancient Civilizations.
Macmillan/MacGraw Hill: New York, NY,
“Cro-Magnon.” Cro-Magnon.
Kearns, Marsha.“Homo Habilis.” Early
Humans. Creative Teaching Press: CA,