Context - MrWilsonHistory404

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Transcript Context - MrWilsonHistory404

 YouTube Video
Mr.Wilson – History 404
Abraham Lincoln (1809-1865)
 Canada
is a constitutional monarchy
 What does this mean? “monarchy”
• #1: We have a head of state, Governor General,
who represents the British monarchy
• In provinces, the Lieutenant Governor does the
same thing
• However, they have NO REAL POWER - Only
 What
does this mean? “constitution”
• #2: The Canadian Constitution places political
power in the hands of voters who elect
No level of government has absolute or total power.
They each have their own responsibilities.
 What
are the 3 levels of government in
• Federal
• Provincial
• Municipal
 Federal
and Provincial governments
have defined responsibilities outlined in
the British North America (BNA) Act
 Municipal responsibilities differ from
province to province
Responsible for Canada as a whole
Money, trade, shipping, defence and military, criminal law, relations with
First Nations, immigration*, agriculture*
Responsible for the provinces
Natural resources, health and social services, education, highway
transportation, civil law, public security, labour relations, immigration*,
Responsible for cities and towns
Manage road work, recreation infrastructures, cultural activities, sewers,
garbage & recycling, firefighters, public transportation
 Tensions
can occur between different
levels of government
 The
federal government can sometimes
intervene in areas related to provincial
 Results
 Usually
in tension!
laws from the superior level
overrule those of the lower level
 Ex: Provincial
law conflicting with
federal charter
Bill 101 vs. Charter of Rights and Freedoms
What are the 3 different types of power in Canada?
 Executive:
• Propose the laws (bills)
• Made up of elected leader and members of the
political party with a majority
 Legislative:
• Vote on the laws
• Made of up elected members of all political
parties who represent the population
 Judicial:
• Uphold the laws
• Made up of courts and judges
 Who
holds Executive power?
• Prime Minister and his Cabinet
 Legislative?
• House of Commons - represent the population
 Judicial?
• Courts (ex. Superior Court & Court of Appeals)
 The
Federal Government also has a Senate
 Recommended
by the PM and appointed
by the Governor General
 There
are an equal number of Senators
from each major region.
 Work
 They
up to age 75
adopt or insist on changes to Bills
before being sanctioned (made official)
 Who
holds Executive power?
• Premier and his Cabinet
 Legislative?
• National Assembly - represent the population
 Judicial?
• Courts (ex. Administrative court, Quebec court)
Lieutenant Governor
(British Monarchy)
p. 151
(Legislative Power)
(Executive Power)
Premier and Cabinet
Ministries and
(Judicial Power)
Administrative Court
Quebec Court
 Who
hold Executive power?
• Mayor and his city councillors
 Legislative?
• City council – represents the population
 Judicial?
• Courts (ex. Municipal courts)
What groups have power and try to
influence governments in power?
(p. 152)
 Interest
Groups develop relationships
with Members of the National Assembly
[MNA] and pressure them.
 This
is often done using Lobbyists.
 Lobbyists
are those who represent an
interest group that wants to influence the
 All
of this is to obtain laws that support
their cause.
 Media…
 Private
Enterprise = Conseil du Patronat
 This
group represents the private
business owners in Quebec:
 Favour innovation
 Investment in private business.
 Stable job opportunities.
 Labour code
 Parental Leave program
 More
then 40% of all workers in Quebec
are Unionized.
 Their
main function is to defend the
rights of their workers and to negotiate
with their employers.
 Non-Unionized
workers are protected
under the Loi sur les normes du travail.
 Fédérations
des travailleurs du Quebec (FTQ)
 Confédérations des syndicats nationaux (CSN)
 Centrale des syndicats du Quebec (CSQ)
 Centrale des syndicats démocratiques (CSD)
 These
four big Unions influence a lot of
voters as well as public opinion.
 Tactics
= protests & strikes
 Professional
Orders: Doctors, lawyers,
engineers, etc.
 Linguistic Groups: Société St-Jean
Baptiste, Alliance Quebec
 Environmental: Équiterre, Greenpeace
 Feminist
 Religious
 Others?
What is the point of all of these
different groups? (From the
Government all the way down to
these tiny little interest groups…)
 The
 Prime
Minister of
 Stephen
 The
 Premier
 Jean
of Quebec:
 The
 The
Mayor of
 Gerald Tremblay
 Interest
 Unions
on strike