Acupuncture &moxibustion and massage

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Transcript Acupuncture &moxibustion and massage

Acupuncture-moxibustion and Massage
From culture to medicine
Ancient therapies for modern illnesses
Xuefei Wu M.D., Ph.D
1.History and Tools with Cultural tips
Original needles:
Stone needles(砭石,Bian shi)
Ancient acupuncture:(鍼, zhen)
(nine needles) made by metal
Current needles
acupoint injection
Acupoint catgut embedding
The best is moxibustion and second is needles, and
then is herbs –Huang Di Nei Jing(Yellow emperor’s
inner classic )
灸 (jiu)
艾叶 (ai ye)
Scratching(刮痧, Gua sha) and Cupping(拔罐, Ba Guan)
2. Basic theory of TCM
Balance and harmony
Chinese perspective
Inside,outside,all around
“Health is a state of optimal
physical, mental and emotional
wellbeing, not merely the absence
o f d i s e a s e a n d i n f i r m i t y. ”
Dorland’s Medical Dictionary, 26th Ed.
Relationship of
Five elements
promoting/generating and
constrain/inhibiting mutually
Viscera/organs theory(脏象, Zang xiang, 脏inward property,象-outward presentation)
Concept of “organ” is not confined to its anatomical structure,but
more to do with all the functions ascribed to that organ byTCM
Large intestine
Small intestine
Pericardium Triple warmer
3.Meridians and collaterals (经络, jing luo)
Flow chart of the twelve normal medians
Foot yang- ming
meridian of stomach
4.How Does Acupuncture Work?
TCM Concept:
Where there is pain, there has no free flow of Qi and
When there is free flow if QI, there has no pain/heath
Acupoints, the places for Qi moving in, gathering, communicating and
going out, reflect the illness and accept the stimulus
Diagnoses, treats & prevents illness holistically, through the stimulation,
support and maintenance of the body's innate healing systems
Western Concept
A. Gate control Theory:
AP stimulates the inhibitory
nerve fibers and block the
transduction of pain signals
B Humeral Mechanisms
Interaction of AP point with
Spinal Cord, Brainstem and Higher Centers
Mediated through neurochemical and
neuroendocrine interactions, such as
endorphins, substance P, cortisol, etc
Western Concept
C.Somatovisceral Reflex:
Autonomic Effects
AP stimulation converges with
visceral efferent resulting in
reflexive interactions with internal
organs (along internal connecting
Regionally located
Referred pain regions
D.Trigger Points:
Trigger points are areas of muscles that are
irritated and in spasm Many Acupoints lie
on or very close to trigger points
5.Key for selecting acupoints and manipulating needles
Principles for Selecting acupoint
Manipulating needles
depend on routine TCM
De qi,arrival of qi,needling sensation,
diagnoses, as well as
Arrival of qi at the affected area
meridianal travelling.
Meridians flowing through the area
A.Uniform manipulation
have healing effects on the area
B.Reinforcing manipulation
C.Reducing manipulation
local and distant
Along the meridian
Based on symptoms…..
6.Micro-system Acupuncture
The idea of all micro-systems acupuncture is that there is a map of the entire
body on small, selected areas of the body, and, by stimulating these points,
one can promote healing and pain relief in the corresponding body parts
Eg :Scalp, hand, Ear , Foot , Nose , Tongue, Face, abdominal Acupuncture
7. Tui na/massage
Normal/adult massage manipulation
Infant/child massage manipulation
8. What does acupuncture treat?
The World Health Organization (WHO) recognizes acupuncture/massage for its
effectiveness in treating many common disorders, including, but not limited to:
Disorders of the Bones, Muscles, Joints and Nervous System
Arthritis, neuralgia, migraine headaches, insomnia, dizziness and low back,
neck and shoulder pain
Emotional and Psychological Disorders - Depression, anxiety and stress
Gynecological Disorders - Irregular, heavy or painful menstruation, PMS,
infertility in women & men, and menopause
Gastrointestinal Disorders - Food allergies, peptic ulcer, constipation, chronic
diarrhea, indigestion, gastrointestinal weakness, anorexia and gastritis
Urogenital Disorders - Stress incontience, urinary tract infections, and sexual
Respiratory Disorders - Emphysema, sinusitis, asthma, allergies and bronchitis.
Circulatory Disorders - Hypertension, arteriosclerosis and anemia
Addictions - Alcohol, nicotine and drugs
General Medicine - Eye, ear nose and throat disorders, including cold and flu
symptom relief
Thanks you!
Xuefei Wu, M.D.,Ph.D
GSM: 044 0823 511
Toinen linja 3, Hakaniemi,Hel
[email protected]