Root Word Lists

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Transcript Root Word Lists

Root Words #1
Root Word
1. bio
2. chloro
3. cyte
4. derm
5. auto
6. chromo
7. bi
8. ecto
9. cephalo
10. di
11. archae
12. anti
13. exo
Meaning
life
green
cell
skin
self
color
two, double
outer
head
two, double
ancient, primitive
against
outer
Example
biology
chlorophyll
cytoplasm
epidermis
autotroph
Chromoplast*
Bilateral symmetry
ectoderm
cephalothorax
Dicot
Archaebacteria,*archaeology
antibody
exoskeleton
Sample of Root Words
Assignment
1. Biology- a branch of knowledge that deals
with living organisms and vital
processes.
12. Antibody – protein that helps destroy
pathogens.
Root Words #2
Root Word
1. endo
2. epi
3. gastro
4. genesis
5. hemo
6. herb
7. helix
8. hetero
9. homo
10. hyper
11. hypo
12. iso
13. rhiza
Meaning
within
top layer
stomach
birth, origin
blood
plant
spiral
other, different
same
over, above
below, under
equal
root
Example
endoskeleton
epidermis
Gastrovascular cavity
*genesis
hemoglobin
herbivore
*double helix
heterozygous
homozygous
hypertonic
hypotonic
isotonic
mycorrhiza
Root Words #3
Root Word
1. leuco
2. ology
3. mono
4. ped- pod
5. phage
6. photo
7. plasm
8. poly
9. pro
10. soma
11. syn
12. troph
Meaning
white
study of
one
feet, leg
eat, engulf
light
mold, form
many
before, first, early
body
together, combine
feeding, nutrition
Example
*leucocyte,
ecology
monocot
* centipede
phagocytosis
photosynthesis
cytoplasm
polymer
prophase
lysosome
*protein synthesis
autotroph
Root Words # 4
Root Word
1. a, an
2. Aeros
3. Amphi
4. Aqua
5. Arthro
6. Blastos
7. Capillus
8. Carn
9. Cervix
10. Chondros
11. Bryon
12. degradare
Meaning
Example
not, without
anaerobic
air
aerobic
both
amphibian
water
* aquatic
joint, jointed
* arthropod
bud
blastula
hair
capillary
meat, flesh
carnivore
neck
* cervical
cartilage
*chondrichthyes
moss
bryophyte
to reduce in rank
* biodegradable
Root Words # 5
Root Word
1. angio
2. extra
3. intra
4. lagos
5. macro
6. megas
7. melas
8. mys, myo
9. neuro
10. omnis
11. ovum
12. radius
13. vorare
Meaning
vessel, container
outside
within, inside
hare
large
large
black, dark
muscle
nerve
all
egg
ray
to devour
Example
angiosperm
extracellular digestion
intracellular digestion
* lagomorph
macronucleus
* megaspore
melanin
myocardium
* neurology
omnivore
oviparous
* radial symmetry
carnivore
Root Words # 6
Root Word
1. geo
2. cata
3. icthys
4. itis
5. ex
6. bursa
7. sapros
8. phase
9. mollus
10. post
11. osteo
12. ad
13. de
Meaning
earth
breakdown
fish
inflammation
out
sac, bag, purse
rotten
stage
soft
after
bone
attach to, toward
away, from
Example
*geology, geotropism
*catabolism
*ichthyology
*tendinitis
extinction
*bursitis
*saprophyte
metaphase
*mollusca
*posterior
*osteocyte
*adduction
*decompose
Root Words #7
Root Word
1. artios
2. dactylos
3. gradus
4. gymnos
5. inter
6. micro
7. sperma
8. stasis
9. taxis, taxa
10. telos
11. terra
12. therm
13. uni
Meaning
even
finger, toes
a step
bare, naked
between
small
seed
standing, staying
to arrange
end
land, earth
heat
one
Example
*artiodactyl
*perissodactyl
*gradualism
gymnosperm
internode
microscope
angiosperm
homeostasis
taxonomy
telophase
*terrestrial
endotherm
*unicellular
Root Words # 8
Root Word
1. gamo, gam
2. cyano
3. neos
4. aster
5. streptos
6. pseudo
7. mutate
8. entomon
9. cardio
10. erythros
11. fibrilla
12. fissus
13. semi
Meaning
Example
marriage
gamete
blue
*cyanobacterium
new
* neonatal
star
*asteroidea
twisted chain *streptococcus
false
pseudopod
to change
mutation
insect
*entomology
heart
*cardiac
red
*erythrocyte
small fiber
*myofibril
a split
binary fission
half
*semi-permeable
•
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
Root Word
Asis, asia
Cerebro
Coel
Hydro
Liga
Lip, lipo
Patho, pathy
Scler, sclero
Sub
Trans
Apic
Brachio
Meso
Root Meaning
Words # 9
state, condition
brain
cavity
water
to bind together
fat
disease
hard
below
through
tip
arm
middle
Example
homeostasis
cerebral cortex
coelum
hydrostatic skeleton
ligament
lipid
pathogen
sclerenchyma
subcutaneous fat
transpiration
apical meristem
* brachial artery
mesoderm