Report: Status of E-Government in Myanmar

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Transcript Report: Status of E-Government in Myanmar

Speaker: Thaung Su Nyein
Joint-Secretary(2), Myanmar Computer Professionals Association
Managing Director, Inforithm-Maze
Jerusalem, Israel (June 14-25, 2009)
Agriculture-based economy
Agriculture accounts for
about 50% (2006 est.) of
Myanmar’s GDP
 Agriculture 50%
 Industry
 Services
Some Key Indicators
 Population
- 56.5 millions
 Telephone
- 1.1 millions
 Telephones per 1000 population
- 19.46
 Internet Subscriber
- 49,880
 Internet Users
- 196,100
 Users per 1000 population
- 3.47
 GDP Per Capita (2006 est.)
- $1,800
 Myanmar is in the beginning phases of the emerging
stage of e-government development
 1998 – Myanmar Computer Science Development Council
 1999 – state-owned enterprise MPT offers email
 2000 – e-National Task Force established
 2001 – first semi-private ISP
 2001 – first Myanmar ICT Master Plan
 2003 – pilot projects launched
 2004 – second Myanmar ICT Master Plan (KOICA)
Ministries Involved
 Ministry of Science & Technology
 ICT human resource development
 Has established computer science universities and colleges
throughout the country
 Ministry of Communications, Posts and Telegraphs
 Oversees state owned enterprise MPT – the only telecoms
company and first ISP in Myanmar
 Manages the second ISP (semi-private)
 Minister also chairs the e-National Task Force, in charge of
coordinating e-government policies and development
Organization Chart
Myanmar Computer Science Development Council (MCSDC)
Chaired by Secretary-1 of State Peace and Development Council
Ministry of Communications,
Posts and Telegraphs (MCPT)
E-National Task
Force (eNTF)
Ministry of Science &
Private Sector
Myanmar Computer
Professionals Association
Myanmar Computer
Federation (MCF)
Myanmar Computer Industry
Association (MCIA)
Myanmar Computer
Enthusiasts Association
Private Sector
 In Myanmar, huge discrepancies in ICT knowledge
between government IT personnel and private IT
 Government agencies rely on private IT
consultancies and developers to advise them on
trends, strategies, requirements
 IT companies usually do complete system analysis of
the departments’ needs and submit project plans
 Some projects are operated by private companies
for a period of time before handing over fully
E-Services (E-Government)
 Much public service provided by government,
when official procedures require it, egovernment services are accepted and used
E-Departure Forms
Citizens can now file online their intent to travel out of country
E-Tourist Visas
Visa applications can be submitted and approved online. Established in 2003
and suspended in 2004. Now in discussion stages to revive this project
Online Trade License System
Companies can now apply online for export / import licenses and permits
Online Education / Master
2 universities are now offering online classes, and they are
Moving Forward
 Pilot projects are evidence of Myanmar
government’s awareness and willingness to
implement e-government
 Internet Penetration is the single most important
 At least 20% of population and 75% of government
offices need to get connected
 Need quick, affordable and efficient methods of
achieving the above goal (WiMax, Wifi, GPRS, 3G,
ADSL, etc.)
Thank You from Myanmar!