Chapter 7 Notes - Twinsburg Schools

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Transcript Chapter 7 Notes - Twinsburg Schools

Chapter 7
Issues of the Gilded Age
7.1 Segregation and Social
 Objectives:
Assess how whites created a segregated
society in the South and how African
Americans responded
Analyze efforts to limit immigration and the
Compare the situations of Mexican
Americans and of women to those of other
African Americans Lose
 Southern
states got around the 15th
amendment by enacting a poll tax
Literacy tests
Grandfather clauses
 Jim
Crow laws in South
Plessy v. Ferguson 1896 “separate but
African Americans Oppose
 Booker
Should focus energy building up economic
resources and establishing reputations
Vocational education
 W.E.B.
Du Bois
Demand full and immediate equality
 Ida
T. Washington
B. Wells
Newspaper “Free Speech”
Chinese Immigrants Face
 1879-CA
barred cities from employing
people of Chinese ancestry
 “Oriental” School
 Chinese Exclusion Act-banned Chinese
laborers from entering the country
 Federal courts
Yick Wo v. Hopkins –people of Chinese
descent born in U.S. could not be stripped
of citizenship
Mexican Americans Struggle in
the West
 Mexican-American
War-after, Mexicans
were guaranteed property rights
Burden of proof-lost land to Americans
 Las
Gorras Blancas
Group formed to get land back
Backed by the Knights of Labor
Women Make Gains and
Suffer Setbacks
 Susan
B. Anthony
Wanted women included in 14th and 15th
Formed the National Woman Suffrage
Fought for the right to vote
 Number
of women attending college
7.2 Political and Economic
 Objectives
Analyze the issue of corruption in national
politics in the 1870s and 1880s
Discuss civil service reform during the 1870s
and 1880s
Assess the importance of economic issues in
the politics of the Gilded Age
Balance of Power Creates
 Party
loyalties were extremely even
Made it hard to pass laws
 Weak
Hayes, Harrison, Garfield, Arthur
Pres. Cleveland was known for integrity
Corruption in Politics
 Many
gov. officials accepted bribes
 Political cartoons expressed concerns
about the damaging effects of corruption
and big money
 Spoils System-gov. jobs to loyal party
 Promoted civil service reform
Pendleton Civil Service Act: exam to get
gov. job
Economic Issues
 Gold
standard-gov. used gold as the basis
of the nation’s currency
 Debates on tariffs
Republicans-favored high tariffs=promote
Democrats-said high tariffs increased costs
and made it difficult to sell abroad
Create your own!
 Create
a political cartoon for the Gilded
 Any topic from Ch. 6 or 7
 Make sure you include
description of the drawing
 Be
7.3 Farmers and Populism
 Objectives
Analyze the problems farmers faced and
the groups they formed to address them
Assess the goals of the Populists, and
explain why they Populist Party did not last
Farmers Face Many Problems
 1870-1895
Cost more to produce than they could get
selling it
Tenement farmers
 Blamed
farm prices fell dramatically
big business
Railroads and banks
 Felt
that gov. turned their back on them
Organize and Seek Change
 Oliver
H. Kelley-
The Grange: org. to promote education on
new techniques and called for the
regulation of railroads
 Farmers’
Collectively sold crops and wanted
government to establish “sub-treasuries”
Populist Party
 The
People’s Party 1882
 “grass roots” and spread rapidly
 Goals:
fight corruption
Increase monetary supply
gov. ownership of railroads
Economic Crisis and
Populism’s Decline
 Election
of 1896-Bryan (D) v. McKinley (R)
Bryan “Cross
of Gold Speech”
 Indorsed by Populists
 Much
more $ than Bryan
 Won election
 Party
fell apart after election
 Some reforms did become a reality