Complex Structures

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Transcript Complex Structures

Worksheet 7

Complex Structures

1.

The following sentences all contain conjoined categories. Draw a tree structure for each of the sentences.

a) Crusoe landed on an island and ate a goat.

b) The dog went down the stairs and out the door.

c) Mary is keen on calculus but tired of chemistry.

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a) S NP N Crusoe Infl Pst VP VP PP VP NP NP V P Det landed on N an island Conj and V Det N ate a goat 3

b) S NP Infl Pst VP PP PP PP NP NP Det The N dog V P Det N Conj went down the stairs and P Det N out the door 4

f) NP S AP N Mary Infl is AP PP AP PP NP NP A P N Conj keen on calculus but A P N tired of chemistry

2.

The following sentences all contain embedded clauses that function as complements of a verb, noun, adjective or a preposition. Draw a tree structure for each sentence.

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a) b) c) d) e) f) The reporter said that an accident injured a boy.

The police appeared happy that the criminal would surrender.

Anna wondered about whether the exam would cover that section.

The jury will never believe the claim that the driver wrecked the Porsche.

Hilary knows that spring will come and that the snow will melt.

Barbara reported that a student asked whether the eclipse would occur.

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a) S NP Infl Pst VP CP Det N The reporter V said C S Det NP Infl N Pst VP V NP Det N that an accident injured a boy 8

b) NP S Infl Pst VP AP CP NP S VP Det N V A C Det N Infl V The police appeared happy that the criminal would surrender 9

c) S NP Infl Pst VP PP CP S NP VP NP N Anna V P C Det N Infl V Det N wondered about whether the exam would cover that section 10

d) S NP VP NP CP S NP VP Infl NP Det N Infl Qual V Det N C Det N Pst V Det N The jury will never believe the claim that the driver wrecked the Porsche 11

e) S NP Infl VP non-Pst CP CP CP NP S VP NP S VP N Hilary V C N Infl V Conj C Det N Infl V knows that spring will come and that the snow will melt 12

f) NP S VP Infl Pst CP NP S VP Infl Pst CP S NP VP N V C Det N V C Det N Infl V Barbara reported thata student asked whether the eclipse would occur 13

Thank You!

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