New South - Mr. Rogers' 8th Grade SS Class

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Transcript New South - Mr. Rogers' 8th Grade SS Class

New South

• Rebecca Latimer Felton supported women’s suffrage (women’s voting rights), the temperance movement (outlawing alcohol), and what other cause?

• Georgia prison reform

• Which amendment to the Constitution prohibited alcohol sales?

• 18 th amendment

• Which amendment gave women the right to vote?

• 19 th amendment

• What was the name given to the laws that kept white people and black people separate? Following the principle of “separate but equal”.

• Jim Crow Laws

• What law allowed for smaller counties to have the same or greater power then larger more populated counties?

• The Neill Primary Act – It was declared unconstitutional in 1962 – If the smaller counties united then their candidate could win the election with less votes

• Which Supreme Court case made “separate but equal” legal?

• Plessy vs Ferguson

• The KKK would use beatings, burnings, and illegal hangings to keep African-American’s from voting. What is the term for hanging someone illegally?

• lynching

• • The Bourbon Triumvirate helped improve Georgia’s economy, increased economic connections to the North, and reduced Georgia’s war debt. However they were criticized for poor prison and working conditions, continuing white supremacy, and what other problem?

• Not helping the poor or increasing education for the poor

• What new industry dealing with weaving materials was expanded in Georgia with investment from the North during the New South period?

• Textiles (textile mills)

• Georgia’s abundant water resources, access to railroads, good seaports, and growth of what crop helped expand the textile industry?

• Cotton

• What Georgia business leader and newspaperman created the term “New South”?

• Henry Grady

• John and Lugenia Burns Hope believed that African Americans should have equal access and rights as white people, they helped organize the Boys and Girls Club of Atlanta, and they were friends with what man who founded the NAACP?

• W.E.B. DuBois

• Booker T. Washington and W.E.B. DuBois had a similar goal, equality for all. However they differed on how to get it. Booker T. Washington believed that African Americans should wait and equality would come over time. W.E.B. Dubois believed equality should come when?

• immediately

• The term “New South” refers to the south’s gains during this time period because of changes in society, race, agriculture, and economic improvement because of ties with what part of the country?

• The North

• Which term describes the use of prisoners for labor by private businesses and industries?

• Convict Lease System

• Which reform movement worked to ban the production and use of alcoholic beverages?

• The Temperance movement

• The populist movement supported a secret (Australian) ballot, FEDERAL ownership of railroads, graduated income taxes, and how many hours in a work day?

• 8 hours

• Which populist politician supported the Rural Freed Delivery bill?

• Tom Watson

• In 1908, what law stated that men were eligible to vote only if their grandfathers had been eligible to vote?

• The Grandfather Clause

• Requiring a poll tax, a literacy test, the grandfather clause, and meeting a property requirement to vote were all designed to stop what?

• African Americans from voting

• What man gave the “Atlanta compromise” speech which said blacks and whites did not have to mix socially, believed that equality would come over time as blacks improved themselves and became self-sufficient and was head of the Tuskegee Institute?

• Booker T. Washington

• Of these 4 organizations which 1 was NOT established to promote racial equality?

– Niagara Movement – The National Urban League – NAACP – Ku Klux Klan

• KKK

• Supreme Court decision approving segregation or separate-but-equal status

• Plessy vs. Ferguson

• Who was the founder of one of the nation’s largest African American-owned insurance companies?

• Alonzo Herndon

• Who was the educator who gave “Atlanta Compromise speech” on equality?

• Booker T. Washington

• Who was the educator who supported higher education for “Talented Tenth”?

• W.E.B. DuBois

• Who was the Atlanta Journal writer who campaigned for prison reform in Georgia?

• Rebecca Latimer Felton

• His views on Civil Rights “did a 180” and later in his career he opposed all minorities

• Tom Watson

• Three powerful Democratic leaders who wanted to expand Georgia’s economy and ties with the industrial North while maintaining white supremacy

• The Bourbon Triumvirate

• Henry Grady helped plan this 3 month long event that brought numerous Northern investors to the South in 1895

• International Cotton Exposition

• What was caused by increasing racial tensions, and some believe that Tom Watson’s newspaper articles added to the spread of racial fears; Lasted 2 days until martial law was declared to regain control of the city

• 1906 Atlanta Roit

• Northern Jew who was accused of killing a 13 year old child and was hung in front of Mary Phagan’s house; this started the rebirth of the KKK

• Leo Frank