Powerpoint B2.6 Aerobic and anaerobic respiration

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Transcript Powerpoint B2.6 Aerobic and anaerobic respiration

B2.6 Aerobic and anaerobic respiration
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Exampro Q BBB 05 F10
Q1.
faster
Paula is training for a marathon. When she runs, her heart beats
than it does when she is resting.
Complete the sentences, using words from the box.
blood
breathe
heat
carbon dioxide
nitrogen
oxygen
glucose
respire
When she is running, Paula‘s muscle activity increases. To do this, her muscle
cells
................................................. at a faster rate to give her more energy. Her muscles
need
to be supplied with ........................................... and
...............................................................
more quickly. Her heart beats faster to increase the flow of
.................................................
which carries the products
................................................................................................
and ............................................................ away from her muscles.
(Total 6 marks)
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question
answers
extra information
respire
mar
k
1
Oxygen/glucose or
Each once only
1
Glucose/oxygen
blood
1
carbon dioxide/heat or
Each once only
1
Heat/carbon dioxide
1
Total
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4
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•
B2.6 Aerobic and anaerobic respiration Bio BL2HP June 2012
1.Glycogen is stored in the muscles.
Scientists investigated changes in the amount of glycogen stored in the
muscles of two
20 year-old male athletes, A and B.
Athlete A ate a high-carbohydrate diet. Athlete B ate a low-carbohydrate
diet.
Each athlete did one 2-hour training session each day.
The graph shows the results for the first 3 days.
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B2.6 Aerobic and anaerobic respiration Bio BL2HP June 2012
1 (a) (i) Give three variables that the scientists controlled in this
investigation. (3 marks)
1 (a) (ii) Suggest two variables that would be difficult to control in this
investigation. (2 marks)
1 (a) (iii) Describe one way in which the results of Athlete B were
different from the results of Athlete A. ( 1mark)
1 (b) Both athletes were training to run a marathon.
Which athlete, A or B, would be more likely to complete the marathon?
Use information from the graph to explain your answer.(4 marks)
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B2.6 Aerobic and anaerobic respiration Bio BL2HP June 2012 mark scheme
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Exampro QBBB 05 H17
Q1.
A student‘s breathing was monitored before and after vigorous exercise. The
student breathed in and out through a special apparatus. The graphs show the
changes in the volume of air inside the apparatus. Each time the student breathed in,
the line on the graph dropped. Each time the student breathed out, the line went up.
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(a)
How many times did the student breathe in per minute:
before exercise;
...........................................................................................................
after exercise?
.............................................................................................................
(1 mark)
(b) On each graph, the line A – B shows how much oxygen was used. The rate of
oxygen use
before exercise was 0.5 dm3per minute. Calculate the rate of
oxygen use after
exercise.
.....................................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................................
Rate of oxygen use after exercise = ............................................... dm 3 per minute
(2 marks)
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(c)
The breathing rate and the amount of oxygen used were still higher after exercise,
even though the student sat down to rest. Why were they still higher?
.....................................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................................
(4 marks)
(Total 7 marks)
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M1.
(a)
(before exercise) – 9 to 11 and (after exercise) – 12 or 13 both correct
(1)
(b) 0.75 to 0.90 ignore working or lack of working
eg. 2.35 – 1.55 or ((2.35-1.0) x 60)/100 or other suitable figures for 1 mark
(2)
(c)
any four from:
still need to remove extra carbon dioxide
still need to remove heat / to cool
(some) anaerobic respiration (in exercise)
lactic acid made (in exercise)
oxygen needed to break down lactic acid or suitable reference to oxygen
debt
lactic acid broken down to CO2 and water or lactic acid changed into
glucose
(4)
[Total 7 marks]
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