The Native American Wars - Helena Public School District

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Transcript The Native American Wars - Helena Public School District

The Native American
Wars
Chapter 13, Section 3
The Dakota Sioux Uprising
• First major clash on the Plains.
• Started August 1862 in reaction to
starvation caused by unpaid annuities.
• After traders refused to help to feed the
people, Dakota chief Little Crow reluctantly
agreed to lead the uprising.
• Eventually, 307 Dakota were arrested, 38
of which were executed on December 26th,
1862.
Fetterman’s Massacre
• Took place along the Bozeman Trail in
December 1866 in reaction to white
invasion of Native hunting grounds.
• William Fetterman and 80 troops were
lured into a trap by Crazy Horse of the
Lakota Sioux.
• All 80 troops were killed.
Sand Creek
• In November 1864, Black Kettle and
several hundred Cheyenne came to Fort
Lyon to negotiate a peace.
• Colonel John Chivington attacked the
Cheyenne camped at Sand Creek.
• Anywhere from 69 to 600 men, women
and children were killed.
• “The foulest and most unjustifiable crime
in the annals of America.”
Indian Peace Commission
• Proposed two large reservations on the
Plains in 1867.
• Was doomed for failure because Chiefs
were forced into signing the treaty.
• Conditions on the reservation were similar
to those on the Dakota reservation.
Battle of Little Bighorn
• Lakota left these reservations in 1876 after large
numbers miners came to the Black Hill.
• Custer invaded 2,500 Lakota and Cheyenne
near the Bighorn Mountains in Montana.
• Led by Sitting Bull, the 210 man detachment
was destroyed “in the time it takes a white man
to eat his lunch.”
• Last large resistance by Native Americans.
“Ghost Dance”
• Invented by a Paiute man named Wovoka
• Natives believed that it would bring back
their traditional way of life.
• Government outlawed the Ghost Dance,
blaming it for recent Indian resistance.
Wounded Knee
• The Lakota continued to perform the Ghost
Dance anyways, angering the U.S. Government
• Sitting Bull was blamed, and gunfire broke out
when he was being arrested.
• On December 29th, around 200 Lakota men,
women and children were killed at Wounded
Knee Creek.
• Wounded Knee marks the very end of the Native
American Wars.
Assimilation
• Assimilation-Attempt of the whites to make
Native’s become part of “American”
society.
• Dawes Act-tried to help natives by giving
them land to farm.
• Many native children were sent to
boarding schools.
Test Review
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Quartz and Placer mining
Comstock Lode
Dry Farming
Homestead Act of 1862
Vigilance Committees
Wheat Belt
Ghost Dance
Dawes Act
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Boomtowns
Chisolm Trail
Joseph Glidden
Joseph McCoy
Wavoka
Sitting Bull
Stephen Long
Little Crow