The Native American Wars - Helena Public School District

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Transcript The Native American Wars - Helena Public School District

The Native American
Chapter 13, Section 3
The Dakota Sioux Uprising
• First major clash on the Plains.
• Started August 1862 in reaction to
starvation caused by unpaid annuities.
• After traders refused to help to feed the
people, Dakota chief Little Crow reluctantly
agreed to lead the uprising.
• Eventually, 307 Dakota were arrested, 38
of which were executed on December 26th,
Fetterman’s Massacre
• Took place along the Bozeman Trail in
December 1866 in reaction to white
invasion of Native hunting grounds.
• William Fetterman and 80 troops were
lured into a trap by Crazy Horse of the
Lakota Sioux.
• All 80 troops were killed.
Sand Creek
• In November 1864, Black Kettle and
several hundred Cheyenne came to Fort
Lyon to negotiate a peace.
• Colonel John Chivington attacked the
Cheyenne camped at Sand Creek.
• Anywhere from 69 to 600 men, women
and children were killed.
• “The foulest and most unjustifiable crime
in the annals of America.”
Indian Peace Commission
• Proposed two large reservations on the
Plains in 1867.
• Was doomed for failure because Chiefs
were forced into signing the treaty.
• Conditions on the reservation were similar
to those on the Dakota reservation.
Battle of Little Bighorn
• Lakota left these reservations in 1876 after large
numbers miners came to the Black Hill.
• Custer invaded 2,500 Lakota and Cheyenne
near the Bighorn Mountains in Montana.
• Led by Sitting Bull, the 210 man detachment
was destroyed “in the time it takes a white man
to eat his lunch.”
• Last large resistance by Native Americans.
“Ghost Dance”
• Invented by a Paiute man named Wovoka
• Natives believed that it would bring back
their traditional way of life.
• Government outlawed the Ghost Dance,
blaming it for recent Indian resistance.
Wounded Knee
• The Lakota continued to perform the Ghost
Dance anyways, angering the U.S. Government
• Sitting Bull was blamed, and gunfire broke out
when he was being arrested.
• On December 29th, around 200 Lakota men,
women and children were killed at Wounded
Knee Creek.
• Wounded Knee marks the very end of the Native
American Wars.
• Assimilation-Attempt of the whites to make
Native’s become part of “American”
• Dawes Act-tried to help natives by giving
them land to farm.
• Many native children were sent to
boarding schools.
Test Review
Quartz and Placer mining
Comstock Lode
Dry Farming
Homestead Act of 1862
Vigilance Committees
Wheat Belt
Ghost Dance
Dawes Act
Chisolm Trail
Joseph Glidden
Joseph McCoy
Sitting Bull
Stephen Long
Little Crow