Universite’ Louis Pasteur
Nobel prize: 1987 (with Donald Cram and Charles
Pederson) “for their development and use of molecules with
structure-specific interactions of high selectivity.”
From his autobiography:
•His father was a baker, mother was housewife and
•Hobby: music (piano & organ)
•“I was impressed by the coherent and rigorous structure of
•About 150 collaborators from over 20 countries, leading to
about 400 papers.
Alan J. Heeger
Department of Physics, Materials Department, Institute for Polymers
and Organic Solids, University of California at Santa Barbara
Nobel Prize: In chemistry, 2000 (with Alan G. McDiarmid and Hideki Shirakawa)
“SEMICONDUCTING AND METALLIC POLYMERS:
GENERATION OF POLYMERIC MATERIALS”
Country: United states of America
Current Research Interests: have done pioneering research in
area of highly conducting organic solids
Selected Publications : more than 660 scholarly publications
•From autobiography: Was born in Sioux City (Iowa) on January22, 1936.
•The Heeger family came from Russia as Jewish immigrants.
•The important thing is to get a university education.
•Completed high school one year early and completed undergraduate studies with a
dual major in Physics and Mathematics.
General Electric Company Schenectady, NY, USA
Nobel Prize : 1932 "for his discoveries and investigations in
From his biography
• He studies embraced chemistry, physics, and engineering and were largely
the outgrowth of studies of vacuum phenomena.
• His work on filaments in gases led directly to the invention of the gasfilled
incandescent lamp and to the discovery of atomic hydrogen.
• He was the first to observe the very stable adsorbed monatomic films on
tungsten and platinum filaments, and was able, after experiments with oil
films on water
• Hobby : mountaineering, skiing, flying, and, most of all, to understand
the mechanism of simple and familiar natural phenomena.
Hermann Staudinger –
Hermann Staudinger : 1953 Nobel Laureate in Chemistry for his discoveries
in the field of macromolecular chemistry.
Affiliation: University of Freiburg im Breisgau and Staatliches Institut f r
makromolekulare Chemie State Research Institute for Macromolecular
Chemistry, Freiburg in Br.
born in Worms on the 23rd of March 1881.
His father was Dr. Franz Staudinger. Hermann Staudinger is married to
Magda Woit, who is for many years his co-worker and co-author of
graduated at Halle in 1903 and qualified for inauguration as
academic lecturer under Professor Thiele at Strasbourg University in spring
1907. In November 1907 he was appointed Professor of Organic Chemistry at
the Institute of Chemistry of the Technische Hochschule in Karlsruhe.
Hermann Staudinger died in 1965.
"for his discoveries in the field of macromolecular chemistry"
Nobel Prize : 1968 “ for the discovery of the reciprocal
relations bearing his name, which are fundamental for
the thermodynamics of irreversible processes."
Country : USA
From his autobiography :
He was born in Oslo, Norway, November 27, 1903. His father is Erling Onsager,
Barrister of the Supreme Court of Norway, and his mother is Ingrid, née Kirkeby. In
1933 he married Margarethe Arledter and They had 4 children .
He received the Ch.E. degree from the Norwegian Institute of Technology
(Norges Tekniske Höiskole) in 1925. He was Peter Debye's assistant in Zürich until
1928 . Emigrated to the USA and became an American citizen in 1945. J. Willard
Gibbs Professor at Yale University
The subjects of his interest came to include colloids, dielectrics, order-disorder
transitions, metals and superfluids, hydrodynamics and fractionation theory.
He died in 1976 .
BORN : TEXAS, 1921
NOBEL PRIZE : DEVELOPMENT OF METHODOLOGY FOR
CHEMISCAL SYNTHESIS ON SOLID MATRIX, 1984
AT HIGH SCHOOL HE INTERESTED IN CHEMISTRY AND
MANAGED TO BE RUNNER UP IN THE SCIENCE CONTEST
AFTER GRADUATION HE WORKED FOR A YEAR AT THE
PHILIP R. PARK RESEARCH FOUNDATION ASSISTING WITH
GROWTH ON SYNTHTIC AMINO ACID DIETS
HE WORKED ON A DINUCLEOTIDE GROWTH FACTOR WHICH
LED TO THE NEED FOR PEPTIDE SYNTHESIS AND SOLID
PHASE PEPTIDE SYNTHESIS
HE RECEIVED SEVERAL AWARDS FOR HIS WORK ON
PEPTIDE CHEMISTRY, BASIC MEDICAL RESEARCH, AND
SYNTHTIC ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
Nobel Prize in Physics in 1986 for his work in
Scanning Tunneling Microscopy
Born in Frankfurt, W. Germany, on July 20, 1947
Educated at J.W. Goethe University in Frankfurt,
where he received his bachelor's degree in 1973 and his
doctorate degree in 1978.
Hobbies : music (singing, playing the guitar and the violin), and
sports (soccer, tennis, skiing, sailing and playing golf
Assigned to IBM's Almaden Research Center in San Jose, Calif.,
from 1985 to 1986, and was a visiting professor at nearby Stanford
University from 1987 to 1988.
Paul J. Flory
Nobel Prize : 1974 for there Chemistry
Country : U.S.A
From his autobiography
Family : He was born on 19 June, 1910, in German, His being the sixth
generation native to America. His father a clergyman-educator; His mother had
been a schoolteacher.
Work : Since 1964 He joined of the Company, became interested in
exploration of the fundamentals of polymerization and polymeric substances,
Cincinnati University,Cornell University
He accepted a professorship in the Department of Chemistry at Stanford University
He perceived a way to treat the effect of excluded volume on the
configuration of polymer chains: a2 ~ M0.2
Peter Josephus Wilhelmus Debye
University : Berlin University; Kaiser-Wilhelm-Institut
(now Max-Planck-Institut) für Physik Berlin, Germany
Nobel Prize : In Chemistry, 1936, "for his contributions to our
knowledge of molecular structure through his investigations on dipole
moments and on the diffraction of X-rays and electrons in gases".
The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1926.
For his work on
“ Disperse systems”
•He was born in the county of Gavleborg, on August 30 ,1884
•The son of Elisa Svedberg , a works manager , and his wife, Augusta
•He gained Bachelor of Arts degree in 1905 , Master's degree in 1907 and
Doctor of Philosophy in 1908.
•Mainly work concerned with physical properties colloids (diffusion, light
absorption) and macromolecular compounds(proteins, carbohydrates,
and high polymers)
Lord Rayleigh (John William Strutt)
: Nobel Prize in Physics 1904
He was born on November 12, 1842
at Langford Grove , Maldon, Essex.
“ For investigations of the densities of the most
important gases and for his discovery of argon
in connection with these studies ”
Lord Rayleigh was also famous for his Theory of Sound, also
the theory of water drops!
Pierre-Gilles de Gennes
Nobel Prize for Physics in 1991
•Nobel : Phenomena of order in the simple systems which can be generalized to
more complex from matter, and in particular for liquid crystals and polymer
•Born : Paris (France) in 1932
•Majored :the Ecole Normale Supérieure in 1955
–From 1955 to 1959, research engineer at the Atomic Energy Center (Saclay), working
mainly on neutron scattering and magnetism
–In 1961, assistant professor in Orsay and soon started the Orsay group on
supraconductors. Later (1968), switched to liquid crystals
–In 1971, became Professor at the Collège de France, and participated to STRASCOL
on polymer physics.
–From 1980, became interested in interfacial problems : the dynamics of wetting and
•"for discovering that methods developed for studying order phenomena in simple
systems can be generalized to more complex forms of matter, in particular to liquid
crystals and polymers"