360 Degree Academic Performance Assessment Model

download report

Transcript 360 Degree Academic Performance Assessment Model

Assessing Critical Thinking

Summer Critical Thinking Institute

QEP Team, Faculty Champions, and Academic Roundtables

2008

Critical Thinking

Assessing Critical Thinking 2008

“Beyond the Obvious”

June 20, 2008 Critical Thinking Institue 2

Assessment Basics

Assessing Critical Thinking 2008

 Purpose of assessment  Creating valid and reliable measures  Alignment of goals/measures  Use of multiple methods 3 June 20, 2008 Critical Thinking Institue

Assessment Basics

Assessing Critical Thinking 2008 Why do we assess?

 To see how well we are doing     To confirm what we already know To share our progress with others To see where we can improve and change In some cases to demonstrate what does not work June 20, 2008 Critical Thinking Institue 4

Assessment Basics

Assessing Critical Thinking 2008 Why do we assess?

June 20, 2008 Source: http://www.c-pal.net/course/module2/pdf/Week1_Lesson5.pdf

Critical Thinking Institue 5

Assessment Basics

Assessing Critical Thinking 2008 Does one size fit all?

 Assessments need to be valid  Assessments need to be reliable June 20, 2008 Critical Thinking Institue 6

Validity

Assessing Critical Thinking 2008 Does the assessment measure what it is suppose to measure?

“Validation is the process of accumulating evidence that supports the appropriateness of inferences that are made of student responses…” (AERA, APA, & NCME, 1999)

June 20, 2008 Critical Thinking Institue 7

Types of Validity Evidence

Assessing Critical Thinking 2008

   Content Related - the extent to which a student’s responses to a given assessment reflect that student’s knowledge of the content area Construct Related - the extent to which the responses being evaluated are appropriate indicators of the underlying construct Criterion Related - the extent to which the results of the assessment correlate with a current or future event  Consequential – the consequences or use of the assessment results June 20, 2008 Critical Thinking Institue 8

Questions to Examine Validity

Assessing Critical Thinking 2008 Content Validity Evidence

1.

Does the evaluation criteria address any extraneous content?

2.

3.

Does the evaluation criteria address all of the aspects of the intended content?

Is there any content addressed in the task that should be evaluated, but is not?

June 20, 2008 Critical Thinking Institue 9

Questions to Examine Validity

Assessing Critical Thinking 2008 Construct Validity Evidence

1.

Are all the important elements of the material evaluated through the scoring criteria?

2.

Are any of the evaluation criteria NOT relevant to the material?

June 20, 2008 Critical Thinking Institue 10

Questions to Examine Validity

Assessing Critical Thinking 2008 Criterion Validity Evidence

1.

What are the important components of the future performance that may be evaluated through the use of this assessment?

2.

3.

How does the scoring criteria measure the important components of the future performance?

Are there any elements of the future performance that are not reflected in the scoring criteria?

June 20, 2008 Critical Thinking Institue 11

Reliability

Assessing Critical Thinking 2008 Consistency of the assessment scores

 Types of reliability…   Interrater Reliability – scores vary from instructor to instructor.

Intrarater Reliability – scores vary from a single instructor from paper to paper  A test can be reliable and not valid, but never valid and not reliable June 20, 2008 Critical Thinking Institue 12

Reliability Concerns

Assessing Critical Thinking 2008 Reliability

1.

Are the score categories well defined?

2.

3.

Are the differences between the score categories clear?

Would two independent raters arrive at the same score for a given student response based on the scoring rubric?

June 20, 2008 Critical Thinking Institue 13

Improving Scoring Consistency

Assessing Critical Thinking 2008

     Provide grading rubrics or scoring criteria to students prior to assessment Grade papers anonymously Use anchor papers to define levels of proficiency for reference Use multiple scorers Calculate reliability statistics during training and grading June 20, 2008 Critical Thinking Institue 14

Assessment Basics

Assessing Critical Thinking 2008 Assessment Purpose

 Everything needs to align (objectives through assessment)  SPC QEP example 15 June 20, 2008 Critical Thinking Institue

Assessment Basics

Assessing Critical Thinking 2008

Definition Operational Elements (KSAs) Appropriate Assessment Measures June 20, 2008 Measurable Learning Outcomes Critical Thinking Institue 16

SPC Definition

Assessing Critical Thinking 2008

Definition Appropriate Assessment Measures Operational Elements (KSAs) Measurable Learning Outcomes

“Critical thinking is the active and systematic process of communication, problem solving, evaluation, analysis, synthesis, and reflection, both individually and in community, to foster understanding, support sound decision-making, and guide action.”

June 20, 2008 Critical Thinking Institue 17

Student Learning Outcomes

Assessing Critical Thinking 2008

 In order to link specific and measurable student learning outcomes, SPC’s definition of critical thinking was operationalized.  This provided a more concrete and less abstract linkage or bridge between the student learning outcomes and the definition of critical thinking. June 20, 2008 Critical Thinking Institue 18

Student Learning Outcomes

Assessing Critical Thinking 2008

Definition Operational Elements (KSAs) Appropriate Assessment Measures Measurable Learning Outcomes June 20, 2008 Critical Thinking Institue 19

Student Learning Outcomes

Assessing Critical Thinking 2008

Definition Operational Elements (KSAs) Appropriate Assessment Measures Measurable Learning Outcomes June 20, 2008 Critical Thinking Institue 20

Outcomes to Assessments

Assessing Critical Thinking 2008

 Student Learning Outcomes were then linked to appropriate assessment instruments  SPC’s QEP contained multiple measures for use in assessing student learning in the area of critical thinking June 20, 2008 Critical Thinking Institue 21

Outcomes to Assessments

Assessing Critical Thinking 2008

Definition Operational Elements (KSAs) Appropriate Assessment Measures Measurable Learning Outcomes June 20, 2008 Critical Thinking Institue 22

Recent Alumni Survey

Assessing Critical Thinking 2008

Question 31:

Thinking logically and critically to solve problems  Gathering and assessing relevant information  Inquiring about and interpreting information  Organizing and evaluating information  Analyzing and explaining information to others  Using Information to solve problems June 20, 2008 Critical Thinking Institue 23

Employer Survey

Assessing Critical Thinking 2008

Question 3:

Use mathematical and computational skills    Comfortable with mathematical calculations Uses computational skills appropriately Accurately interprets mathematical data 

Question 5:

problems Think logically and critically to solve      Gathers and assesses relevant information Inquires and interprets information Organizes and evaluates information Analyzes and explains information to others Uses Information to solve problems June 20, 2008 Critical Thinking Institue 24

CCSSE

Assessing Critical Thinking 2008

Question 5:

During the current school year, how much has your coursework at this college emphasized the following mental activities?   b. Analyzing the basic elements of an idea, experience, or theory d. Making judgments about the value or soundness of information, arguments, or methods 

Question 12:

How much has YOUR EXPERIENCE AT THIS COLLEGE contributed to your knowledge, skills, and personal development in the following areas?  e. Thinking critically and analytically June 20, 2008 Critical Thinking Institue 25

Assessment Basics

Assessing Critical Thinking 2008 Multiple Measures

 SPC will determine improvement in students’ critical thinking skills using the multiple measures.

 These include standardized direct instruments, authentic assessments, and indirect methods.

June 20, 2008 Critical Thinking Institue 26

Student Assessment Points

Assessing Critical Thinking 2008

Student Assessment Points

Direct Measures

ARC iSkills MAPP Capstone

(4-year only)

SPC Employment or University Entering Student Survey Enrolled Student Survey CCSSE Exiting Student Survey SSI

Indirect Measures

Recent Alumni Survey Employer Survey June 20, 2008 Critical Thinking Institue 27

Standardized Direct Instruments

Assessing Critical Thinking 2008 Direct assessments include:

CAT - Critical Thinking Assessment Test is designed to assess and promote the improvement of critical thinking and real-world problem solving skills.

 

Measure of Academic Proficiency and Progress

(MAPP), developed by Educational Testing Services (ETS), is a measure of college-level reading, mathematics, writing, and critical thinking in the context of the humanities, social sciences, and natural sciences The iSkills™ assessment (former ICT Literacy Assessment), developed by ETS, is a comprehensive test of Information and Communication Technology proficiency that uses scenario-based critical thinking tasks to measure both cognitive and technical skills. June 20, 2008 Critical Thinking Institue 28

Indirect Methods

Assessing Critical Thinking 2008

Student, alumni, employer, faculty, and staff reports, such as end-of-course, institutional, and national surveys and questionnaires, can provide indirect measures that help deepen the interpretation of student learning (Maki, 2004). June 20, 2008 Critical Thinking Institue 29

Indirect Methods

Assessing Critical Thinking 2008 Indirect methods include:

Community College Survey of Student Engagement

(CCSSE), established at UT at Austin, a tool for assessing quality in community college education. CCSSE contains specific survey items intended to assess various Core Operational Elements (KSAs) associated with a student’s critical thinking.  

Entering Student Survey, Enrolled Student Survey,

Graduating Student Survey, and Recent Alumni Survey are the primary surveys that have been developed to collect student feedback on their experiences.

Employer Surveys are sent out to employers of recent SPC graduates in order to gather information on graduates’ knowledge and behavior. June 20, 2008 Critical Thinking Institue 30

Authentic Assessments

Assessing Critical Thinking 2008

Authentic assessments serve dual purposes of encouraging students to think critically and of providing assessment data for measuring improved student learning.

June 20, 2008 Critical Thinking Institue 31

Authentic Assessments

Assessing Critical Thinking 2008 Authentic assessments include…

Criterion-referenced rubrics. Complex, higher-order objectives can be measured only by having students create a unique product, whether written or oral [in-class essays, speeches, term papers, videos, computer programs, blueprints, or artwork] (Carey, 2000).   Student Reflection. Written reflection is espoused to have several important benefits: it can deepen the quality of critical thinking, increase active involvement in learning, and increase personal ownership of the new learning by the student (Moon, 1999). Student Portfolios. Collections of students’ work over a course or a program and can be an effective method of demonstrating student progress in the area of critical thinking (Carey, 2000).

June 20, 2008 Critical Thinking Institue 32

Rubrics

Assessing Critical Thinking 2008 What is a rubric?

 Scoring guidelines, consisting of specific pre-established performance criteria, used in evaluating student work on performance assessments June 20, 2008 Critical Thinking Institue 33

Rubrics

Assessing Critical Thinking 2008 SPC currently uses rubrics in such programs as…

 College of Education  College of Nursing  Paralegal June 20, 2008 Critical Thinking Institue 34

Assessing Critical Thinking 2008

Assessment Rubric for Critical Thinking (ARC)

35 June 20, 2008 Critical Thinking Institue

Assessment Rubric for CT

Assessing Critical Thinking 2008 ARC was designed to…

 Enhance the QEP   Align with the College’s definition of critical thinking Be flexible for use in multi-disciplines June 20, 2008 Critical Thinking Institue 36

Assessment Rubric for CT

Assessing Critical Thinking 2008

   ARC is a ‘global’ rubric template developed to provide a snapshot view of how student learning is being affected by the critical thinking initiative. ARC will be designed to assess a variety of student projects from a critical thinking perspective. For example, students in a composition class may be asked to write a paper on a specific topic. ARC rubric template will evaluate the student’s use of critical thinking skills in the development of the paper as opposed to specifically evaluating the quality of student’s writing skills. June 20, 2008 Critical Thinking Institue 37

Assessment Rubric for CT

Assessing Critical Thinking 2008

  ARC rubric template will be designed to be flexible enough to address a number of student project modalities including written and oral communications. The development of a rubric is an iterative process and will be improved and strengthened as it is used more widely; however, the first iteration of the rubric has been developed by the QEP faculty champions. June 20, 2008 Critical Thinking Institue 38

Rubric Development Process

Assessing Critical Thinking 2008

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

Re-examine the learning objectives to be addressed by the task  Identify specific observable attributes your students should demonstrate  Describe characteristics at each attribute  Write narrative descriptions for each level of continuum  Collect samples of student work  Score student work and identify samples that exemplify various levels  Revise the rubric as needed  Repeat as Needed June 20, 2008 Critical Thinking Institue 39

Assessment Rubric for Critical Thinking Assessing Critical Thinking 2008

June 20, 2008 Critical Thinking Institue 40

Assessment Rubric for Critical Thinking Assessing Critical Thinking 2008

June 20, 2008 Critical Thinking Institue 41

Assessment Rubric for Critical Thinking Assessing Critical Thinking 2008

June 20, 2008 Critical Thinking Institue 42

ARC Assignment Profile

Assessing Critical Thinking 2008

   Designed to provide consistency and accuracy in the evaluation of the ARC at the institutional level as well as provide guidelines for the use at the course level ARC is essentially a ‘tool’ to evaluate critical thinking, but for a tool to be effective it must be in the correct situation or ‘job.’ It would be inefficient to use a machete to conduct heart surgery. Purpose of the ARC Assignment Profile is to outline the most appropriate course assignment June 20, 2008 Critical Thinking Institue 43

ARC Assignment Profile

Assessing Critical Thinking 2008

    Participating faculty should have one assignment during the course that can be evaluated using the ARC scoring rubric. Course assignment could be a graded homework assignment or a major assessment for the course.

Course assignment should include all of the elements of the rubric and should be aligned with the task outlined for each element. Assignments that only evaluate some of the elements or are not aligned with the specific ARC tasks will be considered incomplete and not used in the institutional analysis.

June 20, 2008 Critical Thinking Institue 44

ARC Assignment Profile

Assessing Critical Thinking 2008

 Faculty may add additional discipline specific rubric elements (such as grammar and punctuation in a composition class), but must maintain the ARC elements as listed.

June 20, 2008 Critical Thinking Institue 45

ARC Assignment Profile

Assessing Critical Thinking 2008

Students should be provided a copy of the assignment rubric (ARC and any additional discipline specific elements). The specific elements and tasks include:

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

Communication: Define the problem in your own words. Analysis: Compare & contrast the available solutions within the

scenario.

Problem Solving: Select one of the available solutions and defend it

as your final solution.

Evaluation: Identify the weaknesses of your final solution.

Synthesis

:

Suggest ways to improve/strengthen your final solution (may use information not contained within the scenario).

Reflection: Reflect on your own thought process after completing the

assignment. a.

“What did you learn from this process?” b.

“What would you do differently next time to improve?”

June 20, 2008 Critical Thinking Institue 46

ARC Assignment Profile

Assessing Critical Thinking 2008

   Evaluating scenario (selected or created) should be stated in such a manner to allow the student to address each of the tasks. QEP team is willing to assist you with the creation of the scenario or identify possible sources of existing scenario that could be used. Completed student assignments should include a copy of the scenario, the assignment provided to the student (with the rubric), the students work and the final graded rubric.

June 20, 2008 Critical Thinking Institue 47

Deer Population Scenario

Three teenagers were seriously injured in a car accident when swerving to avoid a deer in on a two-lane road near a small, rural town in Florida. The more deer enter the town’s populated areas over recent years.

Local law enforcement has been called numerous times this year to remove the animals from backyards and neighborhood streets, and one deer even caused considerable damage as it entered a restaurant in town. The mayor has been charged by the city leaders to keep the town residents safe. Local crops have even been damaged by the animals. Some long time residents have requested that the residents of the town have seen more and hunting season and catch limits be extended in order to reduce the deer population.

One city leader even proposed that the and city purchase electronic devices to deter the deer from entering populated areas.

poisoned.

Health concerns have recently been elevated as three deer carcasses were found at the edge of town local law enforcement suspect that the animals had been June 20, 2008 Critical Thinking Institue 48

Next Steps

Assessing Critical Thinking 2008

  Another Scoring workshop will be held this Fall Pairs of Faculty Champions (scorers) will individually score student work samples and identify samples that exemplify various levels June 20, 2008 Critical Thinking Institue 49

Next Steps

Assessing Critical Thinking 2008

 Faculty Champions (scorers) will complete evaluation forms regarding the validity and reliability of the ARC rubric  Interrater reliability will also be calculated from ARC ratings June 20, 2008 Critical Thinking Institue 50

Next Steps

Assessing Critical Thinking 2008

 Faculty champions will make revisions to the ARC and the assignment profile as needed.

 ARC Development Process will be repeated (Steps 5 - 7) June 20, 2008 Critical Thinking Institue 51

Questions/Next Steps

Assessing Critical Thinking 2008

June 20, 2008 Critical Thinking Institue 52

Assessing Critical Thinking

Summer Critical Thinking Institute

QEP Team, Faculty Champions, and Academic Roundtables

2008