Descriptive Essay

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Transcript Descriptive Essay

Descriptive Essay
Things to Consider as You Write
Your Descriptive Essay
Descriptive writing portrays people, places, things,
moments and theories with enough vivid detail to
help the reader create a mental picture of what is
being written about.
Think of an instance that you want to describe.
•Why is this particular instance important?
•What were you doing?
•What other things were happening around you? Is
there anything specific that stands out in your mind?
•Where were objects located in relation to where you
More Considerations
•How did the surroundings remind you of other places you have
•What sights, smells, sounds, and tastes were in the air?
•Did the sights, smells, sounds, and tastes remind you of
•What were you feeling at that time?
•Has there been an instance in which you have felt this way
•What do you want the reader to feel after reading the paper?
•What types of words and images can convey this feeling?
•Can you think of another situation that was similar to the one
you are writing about? How can it help explain what you are
writing about?
•Is there enough detail in your essay to create a mental image
for the reader?
More Information
• Five Senses. What do you see? What objects, plants, or
animals are in the place? What colors do you see? What do
you hear? What would a hidden microphone record in the
place you're describing? What does the air smell like? Is it
annoying? pleasant? What does it remind you of? Where does
the smell come from--are there blooming flowers? cooking
food? cans of oil? What do you taste? Are you touching
anything? (Skip any questions that don't make sense for the
place you're describing.)
• Different Angles. Consider the object you're describing from
different angles. What does the object look like from the top?
What if you were underneath the object? What would you
see or notice if you were looking at the object from the right
side? What does it look like from the left side? Make the
object the Earth. You become the moon, and orbit the object.
What do you notice as you travel around it?
More Information
• Focus on the Iceberg. Only one-eighth of an iceberg is above the surface
of the water. The majority of the iceberg is underwater, yet most people
think only about the part that appears above the surface. There are two
options for you to consider: choose the one that fits your object best. (1)
Look only at the top eighth or so of the object. If you saw only the upper
eighth, if the rest were submerged, what would you think about the
object? What would you see? What would you make of the part that you
couldn't see? (2) Think about your object creatively. What you see, there
on the surface, is the proverbial tip of the iceberg. What is hidden below
the surface? What might you think of the object based only on the surface
appearance, and what is the significance of the parts of the object that
cannot be seen?
• Tiny Ants. When you're in a tall building looking down at the ground, the
people and objects moving around can look like tiny ants. Take a bird's-eye
view of your object. Put it in the world of tiny ants. From far above, what
would you see? What would seem important? What features would be
More Information
Technicalities. Write a technical description of your object. Look at the object as
you might to describe it for a legal document or in a scientific report. Focus on the
known facts, rather than opinions or impressions that you have of the object.
Focus on an objective view.
Create a Cartoon Version. The cartoon world is a bit different from the real world.
If your object were in a cartoon world, what parts would be exaggerated for comic
effect? What parts would probably be omitted from the cartoon drawing? What
cartoon would the object probably appear in? How does thinking of your object as
a cartoon influence what you see?
Different Days. How does the object or place change from one day to the next? Is
it different on weekends? Take me through a week in the life of the object. If you
were to peek in on it every day, what would change? What would stay the same?
Longshot. Pretend it's twenty years in the future. Take a look at your object or
place. What do you notice? How would you describe it twenty years from now?
What characteristics would remain the same? What would change? What would
you see? hear? smell? How could you tell that time had passed by just by looking
at the object or place?
Opposites. You can learn a great deal about an object or place by defining the
things that it is not. Describe the things that your object or place is not. What
features and characteristics would never apply to it? How are these characteristics
and features important? Why is their absence important?
Sample Paragraphs
•Appealing-to-the-Senses Description: Let the reader see, smell,
hear, taste, and feel what you write in your essay.
The thick, burnt scent of roasted coffee tickled the tip of my nose just
seconds before the old, faithful alarm blared a distorted top-forty
through its tiny top speaker. Wiping away the grit of last night's sleep,
the starch white sunlight blinded me momentarily as I slung my arm like
an elephant trunk along the top of the alarm, searching for the snooze
button. While stretching hands and feet to the four posts of my bed, my
eyes opened after several watery blinks. I crawled out of the comforter,
edging awkwardly like a butterfly from a cocoon, swinging my legs over
the side of the bed. The dusty pebbles on the chilled, wood floor sent
ripples spiraling from my ankles to the nape of my neck when my feet
hit the floor. Grabbing the apricot, terri-cloth robe, recently bathed in
fabric softener and October wind, I knotted it tightly at my waist like a
prestigious coat of armor and headed downstairs to battle the morning.
Sample Paragraph
•Spatial-Order Description: Show the reader where things are located
from your perspective.
Billy Ray's Pawn Shop and Lawn Mower Repair looked like a burial ground for
country auction rejects. The blazing, red, diesel fuel tanks beamed in front of
the station, looking like cheap lipstick against the pallid, wrinkled texture of the
parking lot sand. The yard, not much larger than the end zone at General G.
Patton High School on the north end of town, was framed with a rusted metallic
hedge of lawn mowers, banana seat bicycles, and corroded oil drums. It wasn't
a calico frame of rusted parts, but rather an orchestra of unwanted machinery
that Billy Ray had arranged into sections.
The yellow-tanked mowers rested silently at the right of the diesel fuel. Once
red, now faded orange, mowers stood at attention to the left. The oil barrels,
jaded and pierced with holes, bellowed like chimes when the wind was right.
The bikes rested sporadically throughout the lot. In the middle of it all was the
office, a faded, steel roof supported by cheap two-by-fours and zebra paneling.
Billy Ray was at home, usually, five blocks east of town on Kennel Road.
Times New Roman
12 point font
Double spaced
Rough Draft due: Friday, September 28th
Final due to Sunday, October 7th,