Adult-to-Child Ratio is based on state standards
Emotional Development: developing foundations for trust and attachment.
Need: eye contact, to be held, loved, and talked to
Social Development: developing communication skills
Need: eye contact, respond to sounds, mimic noises
Intellectual Development: Rapid Brain Development
Need: to be talked to, colorful objects, picture books
Physical Development: alertness is getting longer and muscles are developing
Need: exercise, tummy time, different positions, lots of touch. Outdoor
time is critical and will soon be REQUIRED by Licensing standards.
Curriculum Focus: Baby Signs, Milestone
Development activities and LOTS of
Infants have their own individual eating and sleeping schedules.
Babies should be held to drink their bottles.
When eating solid foods, babies need to be strapped into a highchair.
Food must be served in a bowl or on a plate. Babies may not be fed
directly from the jar NOR with food placed directly on the high chair’s
Caregiver must be seated in a chair to feed a baby in a high chair; be
social with baby!
Babies should always be on their backs to sleep to avoid SIDS.
Babies are to sleep only in their cribs. Should they fall asleep
somewhere else, they must immediately be moved to the crib!
Checked every 2 hours and changed when necessary.
Diapering is a social time; talking and interacting with baby is a must!
Caregiver and baby must both wash their hands when they are
Infants must go outside daily unless weather conditions are
Adult-to-Child Ratio and Group Size is Determined by State Standards
Emotional Development: Developing independence and becoming aware of
◦ Need: activities that allow for independence, words to describe what
they’re feeling, and sensitive and responsive interactions.
Social Development: Speech is rapidly developing
◦ Need: to be listened to carefully and with interest, adults who repeat
and extend what they’re talking about
Intellectual Development: They learn by doing so they need:
◦ Hands-on experiences
◦ Water and Sand opportunities (at least three times per week!)
◦ To be read to and sung with joyfully—alone and as a part of the group
Physical Development: Rapidly developing large and small motor skills so
o Dancing, marching, twirling activities
o Climbing and running opportunities
o Stacking and knocking down activities; filling and spilling activities
o Painting; Making marks with crayons on paper; tearing paper
Curriculum Focus: Baby Signs, Sensory, Art, Fine
Motor, Large Motor, Language, and Literature
The Critical Importance of Tummy Time
Develops both the infant’s brain and body; Providing for this creates
important long-term gains for all babies.
Place baby on a soft matted surface with a caregiver at the same level.
Interest baby with sensory responsive toys like brightly colored scarves
and musical instruments.
Place babies on their tummies in close proximity to one another. Stay
with them and support them with reassuring touches and supportive words.
If infants fight tummy time, engage them with songs, rhymes and
movement. Your goal is to increase the time spent on their tummy every
Place enticing toys and/or instruments in front of them and tap the
rhythm of the music on their bottom, toes and back.
Record the time baby spends on his/her tummy on the daily sheet.
Toddlers eat lunch and snacks in childcare each day. They should be provided with
water throughout the day.
Toddlers take a nap each day after lunch.
Teachers need to sit at the table with the children modeling appropriate table manners and
Each child has their own assigned cot, sheet, and blanket. Children need to be in both visual and
auditory range during nap time. Teacher should help child fall asleep by sitting beside them,
rubbing backs. Soft music can be played but only for first 20 minutes.
Toddlers play outside each day.
Children should have a coat and shoes everyday to play outside.
Teachers should provide learning activities outside for the children.
Toddler’s diapers are checked every 2 hours and changed when necessary. Teacher &
child wash afterwards.
Around 2 years old some children are ready for potty training;
This must be started only after conversations with parents. Children must not be FORCED to
sit on the “potty.” Potty training needs to be a positive and exciting milestone for the child.
Toys and equipment are sanitized daily and after a child has a toy in their mouth.
Sanitation is done with a bleach solution sprayed on the toys and left to air dry.
Adult-to-Child Ratio’s and Group Size are Based Upon State Standards
Emotional Development: Learning about feelings
Need: Responsive, loving providers who help them express feelings positively.
Social Development: Beginning to play with each other so they need:
Lots of Dramatic Play
Opportunities to work together (block-building; helping with classroom)
Intellectual Development: Learning about the world through their five senses so
Written labels, stories, chances to tell stories, open-ended questions
Opportunities to discover things on their own and in their own time;
Teachers who ask “What do you think will happen?”
Lots of messy play; sand, water, play-dough, fingerpainting
Physical Development: Growing rapidly so they need:
Active play; drawing, painting, writing, gluing, etc.
Math, Literature, Phonics, Kindness
Fine Motor, Spanish, Art, Fitness,
Preschoolers eat lunches and snack at childcare each day. They should be provided
with water whenever they ask for it throughout the day.
Teachers sit with the children for all meals; modeling healthy eating and good social
skills. Teachers may not eat while standing up.
Children should assist setting /cleaning up and participate in serving themselves:
pouring their own drink and passing food to classmates
Preschoolers should have a quiet rest time each day after lunch.
◦ Cots are assigned to each child. Parents provide blanket and sheet.
◦ Children should not be forced to sleep.
◦ After no more than 30 minutes of resting, a quiet activity needs to be provided
for any children not sleeping. Non-sleepers do not need to remain on their cots.
◦ Soft music should be played for the first 20 minutes but then should be turned
Preschoolers play outside each day unless weather conditions are extreme. Curriculum
should be taken outside for the children to participate in. Teachers should interact
and play with the children outside.
Preschoolers have access to the bathrooms whenever it is needed.
◦ Teachers should remind children to use the bathroom before and after outside
time, meal time, and rest time.
Adult-to-Child Ratios and Group Size is Based Upon State Standards
Emotional Development: More independent; look to peers for acceptance so they need:
Input on classroom rules, encouragement, privacy
Social Development: Developing close relationships with others and a sense of belonging so they
Activities that pair with different members of the group
Unstructured time throughout the day
Intellectual Development: Are better able to think, reason, and problem solve so they need:
Drawing, writing, speaking, drama, reading, opportunities to learn basic science and math concepts
Physical Development: Growing rapidly so they need:
SPACE to run, shout, and practice large motor skills
Curriculum Focus: Creative Arts, Indoor Activities, Outdoor Activities, Table Activities,
School-agers typically eat snack in childcare. On no school days they will also eat lunch.
◦ Teachers should sit and eat with the children. School age children should set up for lunch,
serve themselves, and clean up. They should be given as much independence as possible during
meals and snacks.
School age children should be provided with an area for quiet time. This area can be used to read
quietly, do homework, or rest. School age children should not take naps!
School age kids should be able to use the bathrooms when needed.