Types of Early Childhood Programs

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Transcript Types of Early Childhood Programs

Types of Early Childhood Programs
Chapter 2
Vocabulary Terms
Family child care
Child care centers
Custodial care
Montessori approach
Head Start
School-age child care
Checking-in services
Parent cooperatives
Laboratory schools
Universal prekindergarten (UPK)
Use pie graph on pg 37, 2-2
In addition…
Family child care homes
• Child care provided in a private home with a
small number of children
Child care centers
• Facilities that offer full day children’s programs
• Most popular type of care and education
• Some centers simply provide custodial care,
care focusing primarily on child’s physical
In addition…
• First Kindergarten
opened in 1837 by
Frederick Froebel in
• Stressed play
• First American
Kindergarten opened in
Watertown,WI in 1856
• 3 basic scheduling
patterns: ½ day, full
day and full
• Emphasizes the growth
of the whole child
• Basic objectives to
develop positive
feelings about school,
develop independence,
develop positive selfconcept
In addition…
School-age Child Care
• Provide care for children
before and/or after school
• Sponsored by schools,
houses of worship or child
care centers
• An alternative is checkingin services, where workers
call home to see if child
arrived safely. This option
is only for mature children
who can take care of
themselves until parents
Parent Cooperatives
• Formed and run by parents
who wish to take part in
their children’s preschool
• Parents make administrative
• Fees are often less here than
at other programs
• Parents serve as classroom
In addition…
Laboratory Schools
• University and college
affiliated programs
• Located on a college
• Serve as a study group
for research
• Most have a highly
qualified staff, wellplanned curriculum
and up-to-date
High School Child
Care Programs
• Help train future child
care professionals
• High school students
plan and present the
curriculum under
supervision of a
In addition…
Universal Pre-Kindergarten
• Sponsored at the state level
• High quality, literary rich environment is
• Designed for 3 and 4 year olds.
Montessori Schools
Maria Montessori
Developed the theory
that children learn best
by being active
Montessori Approach
• Children “learn how to
• Children were allowed
to explore materials
that were meant to
• Stressed independence
• Teachers provide little
Head Start
Developed in the late 1960s by
the federal government
Designed to overcome the
negative effects of poverty on
young children
One of the most successful
preschool and family support
programs in the country
• Designed to build self-esteem
• Variety of learning experiences
to meet the children’s needs in
all four areas of development
• Parental involvement is at the
heart of the program
• Many do not receive nutritious
meals at home
• At least one snack and one hot
meal is provided each day
• Food is served that reflects the
child’s ethnic and cultural
• Designed to help children
make healthy food choices and
develop good eating habits.
Head Start
• All children given a
total health plan
• Dental, medical,
mental health services
provided for
• Children who have not
had childhood
immunizations prior to
enrollment are given
Parental Involvement
• Recognizes the parent
as the child’s first
• Parents are encouraged
to help recruit new
children, assist in the
center, and take part in
policy meetings
Sponsorship in
Early Childhood Centers
Public Sponsorship
Funded by federal, state or local governments
Some funds come through school districts
Federally funded example: Head Start
State funded example: laboratory school, high
school child care program
Sponsorship in
Early Childhood Centers
Private sponsorship
• Rely on parent fees to cover most of operating
• May be operated by a house of worship,
hospital or charitable organization
Sponsorship in
Early Childhood Centers
Employer sponsorship
• Reduces conflict between family and work
• Several options
• company-owned on site care
• contracting out to childcare chains or firms
• vouchers
Selecting a Child Care Program
Find a program that welcomes
the child and promotes all areas
of the children’s development
• What are the program’s goals,
activities and schedule?
• Variety and balance
• Child to teacher ratio
Training and experience of staff
Staff turnover rates
Safe Environment
Security system
Smoke detectors
Fire extinguishers
Evacuation plans
Well maintained
As a teacher, your role will be
to give parents the needed
information to make an
informed decision
Center Accreditation
Being accredited certifies that a set of
standards has been met by an early childhood
To be eligible, a center must:
• A self-evaluation on 10 categories
• A validation visit conducted on-site by trained
• A decision by a team of experts representing the
National Academy of Early Childhood Programs
Chapter 2 Review
Describe one aspect of each type of
Know about Montessori and Head Start
Give one example of each sponsorship
What are factors to consider when choosing
a child care program?
What is center accreditation?
Study your vocabulary terms