There are many things in our language that come easy to us

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Transcript There are many things in our language that come easy to us

There are many things in our
language that come easy to us
because we can hear what is
right and wrong.
They don’t want none of the ice cream.
The elephant stepped on a egg.
We sits in our desks.
But other things in our language
are hard to hear.
Their going to the movie tonight.
I had the most craziest week in the world.
Someone put their books on my desk.
I have drank all the milk.
My sister and me are the same height as him.
Is Susie there? This is her.
• A noun is a name word. (VIE p. 247)
–Several types
• Common – general - building
• Proper – specific – Mall of America
• Collective – unit – class (as a singular
noun it still represents many as one)
• Concrete – touchable – desk
• Abstract – quality/condition - respect
How is the word used?
• Words that look like nouns may be actually
used in a different way.
– As verbs (action)
• Please don’t fly that plane around the house.
– As adjectives (description)
• The garden fence needed repair.
• Other words may appear to be nouns but
are really pronouns (take the place of a
– We gave it to everyone.
Plural Noun Rules (p.257-260)
1. book(s)
4a. roofs
2. wish(es)
4b. scarf3a. fly - flies
3b. attorney(s) 5a. radio(s)
5b. hero(es)
5c. piano(s)
6. mouse-mice
7. ox(en)
8. moose-moose
9. brother-in-law
10a. i(’s)
10b. 1980(s)
The Many Jobs of a Noun
• A noun can play many different roles in a
sentence = CASE
– Nominative = the noun being talked about
– Possessive = a noun showing ownership
– Objective = noun as an object of the verb
Nominative Case = the CEO of Nouns
Horace, your sister, Macy, became the
captain of the soccer team yesterday.
Sister = subject = who/what is?
Macy = appositive = renames subject (surrounded
by commas)
Captain = subjective complement = also renames
subject but comes after verb
Horace = direct address = person being spoken to
(set off from the sentence by commas)
Possessive Case = the Owner of Nouns
1. One owner (singular possessive) = ’s
The apostrophe identifies ownership –
fox’s / man’s
2. More than one owner (plural possessive)
a) If noun ends in s – add only ’ – foxes’
b) If noun does not end in s – add ’s – men’s
3. Proper names ending in s – add ’s –
4. Compound nouns – add ’s to the end of
word – sister-in-law’s
Objective Case = the Consumer of Nouns
After lunch Martin offered Morton, his friend, a
chocolate chip cookie.
Cookie = direct object (D.O.) – what/whom is
being offered
Morton = indirect object (I.O.) – to whom or what
the cookie is being offered
Lunch = object of the preposition (o.o.p.) – the
noun that follows a preposition
Friend = appositive – renames a noun (in this
sentence it renames the I.O.)
1. Billy’s bike broke at the bottom of the big berm.
2. Annie, my favorite aunt, arrived after Arnie, an
absurd alligator.
3. Sandra sent her sister a slippery slimy snake.
4. Iris is an intelligent inventor in Istanbul.
5. Rafael, read your rowdy rat The Runaway
Racehorse by Ron Roy.
6. Please, Patricia, pay Polly, Poland’s princess,
pennies for the prince’s pumpkins.