Pinch Pots - SFP Online
Transcript Pinch Pots - SFP Online
WHAT IS CERAMICS?
THE ART OF MAKING OBJECTS OUT OF CLAY
WHAT IS CLAY?
A FINE GRAIN MATERIAL FROM THE EARTH THAT IS
NATURALLY FOUND IN SOIL AND SEDIMENTARY ROCK.
Hand building Techniques
Pinch - Forming a clay object
by pinching with the fingers.
Slab - Forming a clay object
from a flat piece of clay.
Coil - Forming a clay object
with ropes of clay
Clay makes dust- all tables and equipment must be washed
or wiped down with a wet sponge
All tools must be cleaned free of clay
All work should be wrapped in a plastic bag to slow the
Do not handle any ones work other than your own.
NO ONE IS ALLOWED TO LOAD OR UNLOAD THE KILN
Artist Takashi Murakami talks tea and ceramics
Interview: Melanie Sevcenko
MELANIE SEVCENKO - HOW IS CERAMIC ART A PART OF JAPANESE
MURAKAMI - ONE OF THE TRADITIONAL ART FORMS OF JAPAN IS THE TEA
CEREMONY. IN FEUDAL TIMES, THE TEA CEREMONY WAS DEVELOPED AS A
WAY OF INCORPORATING THE ARTS INSPIRED BY ZEN BUDDHISM AND ITS
PHILOSOPHY INTO A SOCIAL CUSTOM - WHICH MAKES IT A FAIRLY UNIQUE
PIECE OF CULTURE. THE PRICE OF A SINGLE TEACUP REACHED AN EXTREMELY
HIGH VALUE. WARLORDS WOULD HAVE THEIR CULTURAL REFINEMENT JUDGED
BY THE QUALITY AND LINEAGE OF THEIR COLLECTIONS. IT'S REALLY QUITE
SIMILAR TO TODAY'S CONTEMPORARY ART WORLD
Japanese Tea Ceremony
• The tea ceremony evolved with a greater significance in 1191 when
a Zen priest traveled to China.
• It is emphases of preparing and serving a bowl of tea with a pure
• Based on the principles of Wa Kei Sei Jaku -harmony, respect, purity
“In all things, whatever they are, the finish of every detail is not desirable:
one that holds the attention is unfinished ” ( The Book of Tea – Kakuzo
Beauty of things:
• Imperfect, and simple
• Modest and humble
Characteristics of wabi-sabi
• Suggestion of natural process,
irregular, earthy, simple
• Embracing imperfection.
Associated to the spiritual
solitude of Zen Buddhism
‘Visual characteristics match its physical characteristics
(if it looks heavy, it should feel heavy;
if it looks delicate, it should feel light)
Fits comfortably in the palm of your hand
with a sound, balanced foot
The rim should be rounded’
Pinch Pot requirements
Three tea cups exploring different shape and form.
Start with 4-5, 1 pound ball of clay
The walls of your cup should be not be thicker than ¼ inch but no
thinner than an 1/8 inch.
The interior of the cup must be smooth.
Your pinch pot must have a body, lip, and a foot
Each cup should demonstrate a variety of surface technique
The design of your cups must include pattern, repetition, texture and
Parts of tea
LIP - THE TOP EDGE OF A POT OR CUP
BODY OF A POT -THE BELLY OF A POT OR CUP
FOOT - THE BOTTOM OF A POT
How to make a
Start with a ball of clay.
Hold the clay in one hand while creating a well in
the center of the ball with the thumb of the other
Careful! Not too deep or you might push through
the bottom of the pot.
Start at the bottom of the bowl and gently and
evenly pinch the clay upward in a tight
Make a complete rotation for each row of finger
pinches. Each row should slightly overlap.
If the clay begins to crack,
moisten your fingers.
Let the clay stiffen slightly, pinch
the walls thinner and give the rim
it’s final shape.
Smooth the interior and exterior
surfaces with a rubber rib or
Using paddles, loop tools, wire,
and other tools create patterns
and textures on the exterior.
Roll out an even coil for
Score and add slip to the
two surface that will be
Apply the foot and
smooth out the joint.
Winter and Summer Tea
How are they different?
• Value and beauty as they relate to visual art
• Influenced by Chinese culture and Buddhism
• Influences by nature and environment
• Simplicity and harmony
• Wabi – inner nature
• Sabi- outer nature
Japanese Tea Bowls
Slab roller- to create unifies slabs of clay
Wheel – a tool to create cylindrical forms
Kiln- an oven that reaches very high temperature
1. Clay makes dust- all tables and equipment must be washed or wiped down with a wet
2. All tools must be cleaned free of clay
3. All work should be wrapped in a plastic bag to slow the drying process.
4. Do not handle any ones work other than your own.
5. NO ONE IS ALLOWED TO LOAD OR UNLOAD THE KILN
Basic Ceramic terms
Ceramics - The art of making objects out of clay
Clay- A fine grain material from the earth that is naturally found in soil and sedimentary rock.
Pinch - Forming a clay object by pinching with the fingers.
Slab - Forming a clay object from a flat piece of clay.
Coil - Forming a clay object with ropes of clay
Bisque — unglazed pottery after first firing
Fire — a term used in ceramics; to heat the clay in a kiln at a very high temperature until it is dry and hard and becomes
Score — to scratch or “rough up” surfaces of clay that are to be joined together.
Scoring — a method of joining two parts of clay together that have dried to a leather hard stage by scratching the two.
surfaces and spreading slip between them as a “glue.”
Slip — clay that has been watered down to a creamy consistency
Leather Hard – a drying stage of clay that allow the artist to create different forms different than wet clay.
Bone dry – a completely dry stage of clay
Green ware- ceramics that has not yet been fired.
Bisques ware – ceramics that has been fired once at a low temperature