Poetry – The Basics!

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Transcript Poetry – The Basics!

Poetry – The Basics!
1. Alliteration:
– Repetition of initial consonant sounds
2. Allusion:
– A reference to a well-known person,
place, event, literary work, or work of art
3. Ballad:
– A song-like poem that tells a story
4. Blank Verse:
– Poetry written in unrhymed, ten-syllable
5. Concrete Poem:
– A poem with a shape that suggests its
6. Figurative Language:
– Writing that is not meant to be taken
7. Free Verse:
– Poetry not written in a regular rhythmical
pattern or meter
8. Haiku:
– A three-lined Japanese verse
9. Image:
– A word or phrase that appeals to one or
more of the five senses
10. Lyric Poem:
– Highly musical verse that expresses the
observations and feelings of a single
11. Metaphor:
– A figure of speech in which something is
described as though it were something
12. Mood:
– The feeling created in the reader by a
literary work
13. Narrative Poem:
– A story told in verse
14. Onomatopoeia:
– The use of words that imitate sounds
15. Personification:
– A type of figurative language in which a
non-human subject is given human
16. Refrain:
– A regularly repeated line or group of lines
in a poem
17. Repetition:
– The use, more than once, of any element
of language
18. Rhyme:
– Repetition of sounds at the end of words
19. Rhyme Scheme:
– A regular pattern of rhyming words
in a poem
20. Rhythm:
– Pattern of beats or stresses in spoken
or written language
21. Simile:
– A figure of speech that uses like
or as to make a direct
comparison between two unlike
My love is like a red rose.
22. Stanza:
– A formal division of lines in a poem
considered as a unit
Humour & Poetry
• Humor in poetry can arise
from a number of sources:
– Surprise
– Exaggeration
– Bringing together of
unrelated things
• Most funny poems have two
things in common:
– Rhythm
– Rhyme
Rhythm & Rhyme
• Using more spirited language makes
humorous situations even more humorous
“The Porcupine”
By Ogden Nash
Any hound a porcupine nudges
Can’t be blamed for harboring grudges.
I know one hound that laughed all winter
At a porcupine that sat on a splinter.
If you take away the rhythm and
rhyme, the humor vanishes.
Any hound that touches a porcupine
Can’t be blamed for holding a grudge
I know one hound that laughed all winter
At a porcupine that sat on a piece of wood
Lewis Carroll
Born in England
Wrote Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland
Wrote Through the Looking Glass
His life was quiet and uneventful, but in works
like Father William, he found escape from his
serious work into a delightfully zany, topsyturvy world that still amuses children old and
“Father William”
Page 400
• In this poem, a young man questions his
father about some rather unusual
• Have you ever asked someone what they
were doing and received an explanation
that made very little sense at all?
• A limerick is a poem of five lines
• The first, second, and fifth lines have
three rhythmic beats and rhyme with
one another.
• The third and fourth lines have two
beats and rhyme with one another.
• They are always light-hearted,
humorous poems.
There once was a man with no hair.
He gave everyone quite a scare.
He got some Rogaine,
Grew out a mane,
And now he resembles a bear!
Limerick About a Bee
I wish that my room had a floor,
I don’t care so much for a door.
But this walking around
Without touching the ground
Is getting to be quite a bore.
Another Limerick
There once was a very small mouse
Who lived in a very small house,
The ocean’s spray
Washed it away,
All that was left was her blouse!
You will create a limerick similar
to this one…
There once was a man from Beijing.
All his life he hoped to be King.
So he put on a crown,
Which quickly fell down.
That small silly man from Beijing.
Fill in the blanks and create
your own Limerick.
There once was a _____ from _____.
All the while she/he hoped ________.
So she/he ____________________,
And ________________________,
That _________ from ___________.