Sound Effects in Poetry - Mr. Hickey's English 10

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Transcript Sound Effects in Poetry - Mr. Hickey's English 10

the repetition of accented vowel sounds and all
sounds following them in words that are close
together in a poem.
What is the Purpose of Rhyme?
• It enhances the music of a poem
• It gives the reader a sense of expectation
• It gives a poem structure
• It makes a poem easier to memorize
• It is what makes a poem different from other types of
Types of Rhyme
• Perfect Rhyme
• Slant Rhyme
• Internal Rhyme
• Assonance
• Consonance
• Alliteration
• Eye Rhyme
Perfect Rhyme
• when the later part of the word or phrase is identical sounding to that of another.
• also called a full rhyme, exact rhyme,or true rhyme.
• The vowel sound in both words must be identical. e.g. “sky” and “high”
• The articulation that precedes the vowel sound must differ. “leave” and
“believe” is an imperfect rhyme, whereas “green” and “spleen” are perfect
The world is charged with the grandeur of God.
It will flame out, like shining from shook foil;
It gathers to a greatness, like the ooze of oil
Crushed. Why do men now not reck his rod?
~ “God’s Grandeur” by Gerard Manley Hopkins
Slant Rhyme
• A rhyme that is not exact, but provides an approximation of
the sound.
• It happens when consonance occurs on the finals consonants
of the words.
Flesh, fair, unique, and you, warm secret that my kiss
Follows into meaning Miranda, solitude
Where my omissions are, still possible, still good,
Dear other at all times, retained as I do this.
~ “Ferdinand” by W.H. Auden
Internal Rhyme
• A rhyme within a line, or a rhyme which matches
sounds in the middle of the line with sounds at the
Once upon a midnight dreary, while I pondered, weak and weary.
~ “The Raven” by Edgar Allan Poe
• the repetition of vowel sounds to create internal
rhyming within phrases or sentences.
Do you like blue?
on a proud round cloud in white high night
~ E.E. Cummings
• the repetition of the same consonant two or more
times in short succession.
And the silken sad uncertain rustling of each purple curtain.
~ Edgar Allan Poe, “The Raven”
• the repetition of a particular sound in the first
syllables of a series of words or phrases.
• It is a specific type of consonance.
Hot-hearted Beowulf was bent upon battle.
~ Beowulf
Eye Rhyme
• A rhyme of words that look but do not sound the
same. This is sometimes intentional, and other
times the result of changes in pronunciation.
These pretty pleasures might me move
To live with thee and be thy love.
~ “The Nymph’s Reply to the Shepherd” by Sir Walter Raleigh
Rhyme Scheme
•The pattern of rhymed lines in a poem is the poem’s rhyme scheme.
•To chart a rhyme scheme give each rhyme at the end of a line a
different letter of the alphabet:
She walks in beauty like the night
Of cloudless climes and starry skies;
And all that’s best of dark and brightA
Meet in her aspect and her eyes.
~ “She Walks in Beauty” by Lord Byron