Conflict On Land Use
Management In Bitung
Background - Bitung
• Population: 158,000
• Primary Industry: Maritime trading services, fishing,
small retail, government, coconut
processing and products
Background – Coos Bay
• Population: 15,500
• Primary Industry: Government, services, lumber
manufacturing, retail trade, maritime commerce
• The Port of Bitung has the potential to be the major engine
for economic development and job creation in the region.
• The central government has committed to developing the
Port of Bitung as a major cargo consolidation center (CCC).
• Conflicts between the development plans of the port
management and the city have stymied the development of
the port and prevented it from reaching its full economic
Project Description – Workplan Objectives
• Reach a solution on the fate of the disputed land in the
port area through a conflict mediation approach
• Develop a marketing plan designed to maximize the
economic potential of Bitung
• Familiarize the city and port officials with community-based land
use planning principles and practices, including citizen involvement
• Introduce community-based local decision-making models
• Learn about mediation and facilitation, including formal and
informal conflict resolution techniques.
Key Steps – The Mediation Process
• Identify parties with interest in the disputed land in the port area
• Identify each their concerns and other issues pertaining to the
• Identify ways to solve the conflict by determining certain finding
common ground between the parties and using that as the
foundation for possible solutions.
• The City and Port worked together to resolve their land use
conflict, which had been stalling further economic and physical
development of the area.
• The City is now free to concentrate on developing its marketing
plan to attract businesses and tourists.
• The City and the Port are working together to identify an
alternative location for the development projects the city had
planned in the area now under the Port development plan.
• The City and Port have committed to working together in the
future to review each other’s development plans and mediate
areas of conflict.
• A Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) for cooperation
between the Business Development Center (BDC) of
Southwestern Oregon Community College and STIE Petra
• Grant from Rotary International for
• The City and the Port are now partners rather than adversaries
and have established a precedent of collaboration that will guide
their future interaction.
• The City and the Port now have new skills for resolving conflict at
all levels of their own organizations and with other actors –
national, local, public, or private.
• This process of conflict mediation has been socialized at all
levels in both the city and the port.
• High level officials from both organizations have given their
endorsement to the process.
• Conflict mediation is a useful tool for any local government.
• The process can be used at the community level as well as at
the national or regional level.
Milton Kansil, Walikota
James Rompas, KaBag Pengembangan Bina Program
Address: Jalan Dr. Sam Ratulangi No. 45
Bitung Sulawesi Utara
E-Mail: [email protected]