Diapositive 1 - Shirley Kaye Randell

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Transcript Diapositive 1 - Shirley Kaye Randell

Tools for Mainstreaming Gender
Gender Analysis Framework
Gender Planning Tools
Seminar on Moving to Gender-Based Analysis in
Constructing Policy in Rwanda, September 2006
Dr Shirley Randell AM
Session Objectives
• To describe a Gender Analysis Framework
(GAF) and Gender Planning Tools (GPT)
• To clarify basic concepts of the GAF and to
introduce GPT
• To explain the checklist for a GAF using gender
equality questions
• To allow participants hands on practice in using
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• Background of GAF
• Purpose of GPT
• GAF and GPT developed by
• For programs and projects
– For Policies
• Areas and Indicators of GAFs
• Group work
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GPT and its Purposes
• GPT ensures incorporation of gender issues in policy planning
• It addresses gaps and promotes advancement for gender
• Purposes of GPT used in Rwanda
– Ensure that policy, programmes and projects will be in
accordance with Constitution, laws and policies
– Identify and address the needs and priorities of women and
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GPT and its Purposes (contd.)
– Ensure equal ability of women and men to access and benefit
from programme resources and services
– Incorporate special measures to reduce inequalities and
promote women’s advancement
– Promote the involvement of women and men in decision
making and implementation
– Protect the human rights and security of women and men
– Enable women and men to contribute fully to the economy
and national development
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Background of GAF
The Development Planning
Unit (DPU) Framework
Integrating gender perspectives into
development practice
The Moser Framework
Gender roles, access to and control of
resources, gender needs
The Harvard framework
Issues around access and control over
resources and project cycle analysis
The Longwe women’s
empowerment framework
Women’s special needs to address gender
The Institute of
Development Studies (IDS)
social relations framework
Social relations, institutions, dimension of
social relationships, intervention and
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• GAF is used to address gender inequalities in
development interventions
• A generic GAF can be used as a tool for
assessing and designing development programs
in the public sector
• GAF lists areas where attention to gender
equality is important and identifies a questions
under each area
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Framework for Analysis
• GAF for assessing programs and projects
– Eight areas of attention
• GAF for assessing government policies
– Nine areas of attention
– Assessment using the 14 categories of
National Policy for Advancement of Women
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Framework for Analysis
GAF for assessing programs and projects
Eight areas of analysis
1. Problem identification and project design
2. Participation
3. Benefit and Advancement
4. Reforms (legislative, policy and
institutions), if applicable
5. Human rights and security
6. Linkages and networks, if applicable
7. Communication
8. Resource allocation
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Framework for Analysis
GAF for assessing Government policies
– Nine areas of analysis
1. Problem identification
2. Vision
3. Objectives
4. Participation
5. Reforms
6. Human rights and security
7. Linkage and networks
8. Communication
9. Resources
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Framework for Analysis
– Assessment using 14 categories of National
Gender Policy based on Beijing PFA
1. Implementation of women's rights and basic
2. Elimination of all forms of discrimination
against the girl-child
3. Elimination of all forms of oppression
against women
4. Women's protection and voice in armed
5. Women (and girls) education and training
6. Women (and girls) participation in sports
and culture
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Framework for Analysis
7. Ensure women's active and equal rights in
all activities of national economy
• alleviation of women's poverty
• economic empowerment of women
• employment of women
• support services (childcare, care for the
aged and disabled, etc..)
• women and technology
• food security
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Framework for Analysis
8. Political empowerment of women
9. Administrative empowerment of women
10.Health and nutrition
11.Housing and shelter
12.Women and the environment
13.Women and mass media
14.Specially distressed women
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GAF for a Program
• Problem Identification
– What percentage of the target group are
women and female children
• Consultation with stakeholders
• Perspective, needs and issues of women
and men identified?
• Constraints and opportunities for equal
participation identified?
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• Participation
– What is the sex disaggregated breakdown of
women and men as project participants
• In decision making bodies
• In implementation process
• As target group and recipients of benefits
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• Benefits and Advantages
– Will women and men receive equal benefits in
terms of basic needs, advancement and
• Basis needs and services: food, water,
housing, health services, education etc
• Advancement and empowerment:
employment, access and control of resources
and technology, knowledge and information
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• Human rights and security
– Does the program contribute directly or
indirectly to protecting human rights, workers’
rights and particularly the rights and safety of
women and girl children?
• Measures to reduce violence against women
and increase safety?
• Vulnerability of women identified?
• Access to legal and other responsive services
for exploited, vulnerable and victimized
women and children
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• Communication
– Does the project contribute to raising public and
institutional awareness about gender equality
• Image of positive, empowered women
• Resource allocation
– What percentage of total project budget is
allocated to activities and inputs that will
directly involve or benefit women
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