Agriculture and Urban Review

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Transcript Agriculture and Urban Review

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

PRODUCTION OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS DESTINED PRIMARILY FOR DIRECT CONSUMPTION BY THE PRODUCER RATHER THAN FOR MARKET IS CALLED PLANTATION FARMING HUNTING AND GATHERING SUBSISTENCE AGRICULTURE SEDENTARY CULTIVATION SHIFTING-FIELD AGRICULTURE

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

PRODUCTION OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS DESTINED PRIMARILY FOR DIRECT CONSUMPTION BY THE PRODUCER RATHER THAN FOR MARKET IS CALLED PLANTATION FARMING HUNTING AND GATHERING SUBSISTENCE AGRICULTURE SEDENTARY CULTIVATION SHIFTING-FIELD AGRICULTURE

DRAMATIC INCREASES IN GLOBAL GRAIN PRODUCTION SINCE 1950 HAVE BEEN MADE POSSIBLE BY a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

SUBSTANTIAL INCREASES IN THE AMOUNT OF LAND UNDER CULTIVATION.

GLOBAL WARMING AN INCREASE IN THE URBAN WORKFORCE AN INCREASE IN THE AGRICULTURAL WORKFORCE AN INCREASE IN THE USE OF ENERGY AND TECHNOLOGY

DRAMATIC INCREASES IN GLOBAL GRAIN PRODUCTION SINCE 1950 HAVE BEEN MADE POSSIBLE BY a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

SUBSTANTIAL INCREASES IN THE AMOUNT OF LAND UNDER CULTIVATION.

GLOBAL WARMING AN INCREASE IN THE URBAN WORKFORCE AN INCREASE IN THE AGRICULTURAL WORKFORCE AN INCREASE IN THE USE OF ENERGY AND TECHNOLOGY

IN WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING AREAS WAS WHEAT MOST PROBABLY DOMESTICATED EARLIEST?

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

SOUTHERN ITALY NORTHERN LIBYA THE PLATEAU OF CENTRAL MEXICO EASTERN CHINA SOUTHEASTERN TURKEY

IN WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING AREAS WAS WHEAT MOST PROBABLY DOMESTICATED EARLIEST?

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

SOUTHERN ITALY NORTHERN LIBYA THE PLATEAU OF CENTRAL MEXICO EASTERN CHINA SOUTHEASTERN TURKEY

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

TRADITIONALLY, THE GANGES VALLEY AND THE NILE VALLEY HAVE HAD COMPARATIVELY HIGH POPULATION DENSITIES BECAUSE OF THEIR TROPICAL CLIMATE HEAVY INDUSTRIALIZATION IN-MIGRATION FROM NEIGHBORING ARID AREAS INTENSIVE AGRICULTURE BASED IRRIGATION DESIGNATION AS SACRED SITES

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

TRADITIONALLY, THE GANGES VALLEY AND THE NILE VALLEY HAVE HAD COMPARATIVELY HIGH POPULATION DENSITIES BECAUSE OF THEIR TROPICAL CLIMATE HEAVY INDUSTRIALIZATION IN-MIGRATION FROM NEIGHBORING ARID AREAS INTENSIVE AGRICULTURE BASED IRRIGATION DESIGNATION AS SACRED SITES

WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING STATEMENTS BEST DESCRIBES THE IMPACT OF IMPROVEMENTS IN TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS ON AGRICULTURE?

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

LOCAL MARKETS HAVE BECOME MORE IMPORTANT FOR DAIRY FARMERS.

INDIVIDUAL FARMS HAVE BECOME MORE DIVERSIFIED.

CORPORATE FARMS HAVE GAINED GREATER ADVANTAGE OVER FAMILY FARMS.

SUBSISTENCE FARMERS ARE GIVEN GREAT ADVANTAGES.

CUISINES HAVE BECOME MORE REGIONALIZED.

WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING STATEMENTS BEST DESCRIBES THE IMPACT OF IMPROVEMENTS IN TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS ON AGRICULTURE?

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

LOCAL MARKETS HAVE BECOME MORE IMPORTANT FOR DAIRY FARMERS.

INDIVIDUAL FARMS HAVE BECOME MORE DIVERSIFIED.

CORPORATE FARMS HAVE GAINED GREATER ADVANTAGE OVER FAMILY FARMS.

SUBSISTENCE FARMERS ARE GIVEN GREAT ADVANTAGES.

CUISINES HAVE BECOME MORE REGIONALIZED.

b.

c.

d.

DURING THE FIRST HALF OF THE TWENTHIETH CENTURY, WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING FACILITATED THE TRANSPORTATION OF BEEF OVER LONG DISTANCES TO GLOBAL MARKETS?

a.

COMMERCIAL CANNING IRRADIATION OF FOOD REFRIGERATED SHIPS AIRPLANES e.

HIGH-SPEED RAILROAD.

b.

c.

d.

DURING THE FIRST HALF OF THE TWENTHIETH CENTURY, WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING FACILITATED THE TRANSPORTATION OF BEEF OVER LONG DISTANCES TO GLOBAL MARKETS?

a.

COMMERCIAL CANNING IRRADIATION OF FOOD REFRIGERATED SHIPS AIRPLANES e.

HIGH-SPEED RAILROAD.

IN WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING COUNTRIES IS TERRACING LEAST LIKELY TO BE USED BY FARMING GROUPS TO CREATE ADDITIONAL SPACE AND MINIMIZE EROSION ON STEEP SLOPES?

a.

NEPAL b.

PERU c.

d.

e.

THE PHILIPPINES NIGER GREECE

IN WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING COUNTRIES IS TERRACING LEAST LIKELY TO BE USED BY FARMING GROUPS TO CREATE ADDITIONAL SPACE AND MINIMIZE EROSION ON STEEP SLOPES?

a.

NEPAL b.

PERU c.

d.

e.

THE PHILIPPINES NIGER GREECE

AGRICULTURE PRACTICED IN CALIFORNIA DIFFERS FROM FORMS PRACTICE IN OTHER MEDITERRANEAN AGRICULTURAL REGIONS BECAUSE IN CALIFORNIA a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

GRAPES ARE GROWN FOR WINE PRODUCTION FARMS USE MORE IRRIGATION FARMS ARE SMALLER FARMS RELY ON LOCAL LABOR WHEAT IS GROWN IS THE WINTER AS A COVER CROP

AGRICULTURE PRACTICED IN CALIFORNIA DIFFERS FROM FORMS PRACTICE IN OTHER MEDITERRANEAN AGRICULTURAL REGIONS BECAUSE IN CALIFORNIA a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

GRAPES ARE GROWN FOR WINE PRODUCTION FARMS USE MORE IRRIGATION FARMS ARE SMALLER FARMS RELY ON LOCAL LABOR WHEAT IS GROWN IS THE WINTER AS A COVER CROP

IN TERMS OF TOTAL TONNAGE, WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS CURRENTLY THE LEADING EXPORT CROP IN THE WORLD?

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

COFFEE SUGAR CANE WHEAT CORN RICE

IN TERMS OF TOTAL TONNAGE, WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS CURRENTLY THE LEADING EXPORT CROP IN THE WORLD?

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

COFFEE SUGAR CANE WHEAT CORN RICE

ISOLATED FARMSTEADS IN THE UNITED STATES EVOLVED AS A RESULT OF ALL OF THE FOLLOWING EXCEPT a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

POLITICAL STABILITY COLONIZATION BY INDIVIDUAL PIONEER FAMILIES AGRICULTURAL PRIVATE ENTERPRISES GOVERNMENT LAND POLICY PHYSICAL BARRIERS PREVENTING COMMUNAL FARM PRACTICES.

ISOLATED FARMSTEADS IN THE UNITED STATES EVOLVED AS A RESULT OF ALL OF THE FOLLOWING EXCEPT a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

POLITICAL STABILITY COLONIZATION BY INDIVIDUAL PIONEER FAMILIES AGRICULTURAL PRIVATE ENTERPRISES GOVERNMENT LAND POLICY PHYSICAL BARRIERS PREVENTING COMMUNAL FARM PRACTICES .

VON THUNEN EMPHASIZED WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING FACTORS IN HIS MODEL OF AGRICULTURAL LAND USE?

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

LABOR COST TRANSPORTATION COST FERTILIZER COST MACHINERY COST SEASONAL FLUCTUATIONS IN PRICES OF FARM PRODUCTS

VON THUNEN EMPHASIZED WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING FACTORS IN HIS MODEL OF AGRICULTURAL LAND USE?

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

LABOR COST TRANSPORTATION COST FERTILIZER COST MACHINERY COST SEASONAL FLUCTUATIONS IN PRICES OF FARM PRODUCTS

WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS A CHARACTERISTIC OF SHIFTING CULTIVATION?

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

DEPENDENCY ON IRRIGATION SHARECROPPING PRODUCTION OF CASH CROPS FOR EXPORT DEMAND FOR WAGE LABORERS MULTICROPPING

WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS A CHARACTERISTIC OF SHIFTING CULTIVATION?

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

DEPENDENCY ON IRRIGATION SHARECROPPING PRODUCTION OF CASH CROPS FOR EXPORT DEMAND FOR WAGE LABORERS MULTICROPPING

WHY IS THE TRADITIONAL CLASSIFICATION OF AGRICULTURE AS A PRIMARY ECONOMIC ACTIVITY A PROBLEM WHEN CONSIDERING THE GEOGRAPHY OF AGRICULTURE?

a.

MODERN FARMERS ARE ENGAGED IN PRODUCTION, RESEARCH, MARKETING, AND SOME MANUFACTURING OF THEIR PRODUCTS.

b.

AGRICULTURAL EMPLOYMENT IS SUCH A SMALL FRACTION OF THE LABOR FORCE IN THE INDUSTRIALIZED COUNTRIES THAT AGRICULTURE CAN NO LONGER BE THOUGHT OF AS A PRIMARY ECONOMIC ACTIVITY c.

UNLIKE MINING, FORESTRY, AND OTHER PRIMARY ACTIVITIES, AGRICULTURE HAS NOT BEEN AFFECTED BY INDUSTRIALIZATION d.

e.

TRADITIONAL PATTERNS OF FARMING ARE DISAPPEARING.

MODERN FARMERS USE MACHINERY.

WHY IS THE TRADITIONAL CLASSIFICATION OF AGRICULTURE AS A PRIMARY ECONOMIC ACTIVITY A PROBLEM WHEN CONSIDERING THE GEOGRAPHY OF AGRICULTURE?

a.

MODERN FARMERS ARE ENGAGED IN PRODUCTION, RESEARCH, MARKETING, AND SOME MANUFACTURING OF THEIR PRODUCTS.

b.

AGRICULTURAL EMPLOYMENT IS SUCH A SMALL FRACTION OF THE LABOR FORCE IN THE INDUSTRIALIZED COUNTRIES THAT AGRICULTURE CAN NO LONGER BE THOUGHT OF AS A PRIMARY ECONOMIC ACTIVITY c.

UNLIKE MINING, FORESTRY, AND OTHER PRIMARY ACTIVITIES, AGRICULTURE HAS NOT BEEN AFFECTED BY INDUSTRIALIZATION d.

e.

TRADITIONAL PATTERNS OF FARMING ARE DISAPPEARING.

MODERN FARMERS USE MACHINERY.

COMPARED TO NORTH AMERICAN RANCHERS, COMMERCIAL RANCHERS IN THE PAMPAS OF ARGENTINA, URUGUAY, AND SOUTHERN BRAZIL ARE MORE LIKELY TO a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

RAISE MOSTLY SHEEP LEASE THEIR GRAZING LAND RELY ON FEEDLOTS RAISE LIVESTOCK PRIMARILY FOR EXPORT USE PRACTICES DEVELOPED BY INDIGENOUS PEOPLE

b.

c.

d.

e.

COMPARED TO NORTH AMERICAN RANCHERS, COMMERCIAL RANCHERS IN THE PAMPAS OF ARGENTINA, URUGUAY, AND SOUTHERN BRAZIL ARE MORE LIKELY TO a.

RAISE MOSTLY SHEEP LEASE THEIR GRAZING LAND RELY ON FEEDLOTS RAISE LIVESTOCK PRIMARILY FOR EXPORT USE PRACTICES DEVELOPED BY INDIGENOUS PEOPLE

b.

c.

d.

e.

THE a.

GROWTH OF ALTERNATIVE AGRICULTURAL PRACTICES SUCH AS GROING OF AMARANTH GRAIN AND THE RAISING OF DEER, ELK, EMUS, AND BUFFALO FOR MEAT IS LIMITED BECAUSE THE DIETARY LAWS OF THE UNITED STATES ARE RESTRICTIVE THE GROWERS HAVE NOT ESTABLISHED AN INTEGRATED COMMODITY CHAIN THE ANIMALS AND GRAIN ARE DIFFICULT TO RAISE IT IS IMPOSSIBLE TO DOMESTICATE NEW PLANTS AND ANIMALS THE HIGH PROTEIN CONTENT OF THESE MEAT AND GRAINS IS THROUGH TO BE UNHEALTHY

b.

c.

d.

e.

THE a.

GROWTH OF ALTERNATIVE AGRICULTURAL PRACTICES SUCH AS GROING OF AMARANTH GRAIN AND THE RAISING OF DEER, ELK, EMUS, AND BUFFALO FOR MEAT IS LIMITED BECAUSE THE DIETARY LAWS OF THE UNITED STATES ARE RESTRICTIVE THE GROWERS HAVE NOT ESTABLISHED AN INTEGRATED COMMODITY CHAIN THE ANIMALS AND GRAIN ARE DIFFICULT TO RAISE IT IS IMPOSSIBLE TO DOMESTICATE NEW PLANTS AND ANIMALS THE HIGH PROTEIN CONTENT OF THESE MEAT AND GRAINS IS THROUGH TO BE UNHEALTHY

ACCORDING TO CARL SAUER, WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS TRUE ABOUT PLANT DOMESTICATION?

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

IT ORIGINATED IN MARGINAL AREAS WITH LIMITED FOOD RESOURCES.

IT FIRST OCCURRED IN DIVERSIFIED HABITATS WITH A VARIETY OF SPECIES.

IT WAS DEVELOPED BY FARMERS WHO WERE STARVING AND DESPERATE FOR FOOD.

IT OWES ITS ORIGINS TO THE DOMESTICATION OF ANIMALS.

IT WAS AT FIRST DEPENDENT ON IRRIGATION.

ACCORDING TO CARL SAUER, WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS TRUE ABOUT PLANT DOMESTICATION?

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

IT ORIGINATED IN MARGINAL AREAS WITH LIMITED FOOD RESOURCES.

IT FIRST OCCURRED IN DIVERSIFIED HABITATS WITH A VARIETY OF SPECIES.

IT WAS DEVELOPED BY FARMERS WHO WERE STARVING AND DESPERATE FOR FOOD.

IT OWES ITS ORIGINS TO THE DOMESTICATION OF ANIMALS.

IT WAS AT FIRST DEPENDENT ON IRRIGATION.

WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS THE ESSENTIAL REQUIREMENT OF LOWLAND RICE PRODUCTION?

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

CHEAP LABOR YEAR-ROUND GROWING SEASONS PROXIMITY TO MARKET ABUNDANT WATER ALLUVIAL SOIL

WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS THE ESSENTIAL REQUIREMENT OF LOWLAND RICE PRODUCTION?

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

CHEAP LABOR YEAR-ROUND GROWING SEASONS PROXIMITY TO MARKET ABUNDANT WATER ALLUVIAL SOIL

c.

d.

e.

A FOOD ASSEMBLAGE THAT INCLUDES OLIVES, PITA, BREAD, CHEESE, FIGS, LAMB, AND WINE IS MOST ASSOCIATED WITH WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING?

a.

SPAIN b.

GREECE MEXICO FRANCE RUSSIA

c.

d.

e.

A FOOD ASSEMBLAGE THAT INCLUDES OLIVES, PITA, BREAD, CHEESE, FIGS, LAMB, AND WINE IS MOST ASSOCIATED WITH WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING?

a.

SPAIN b.

GREECE MEXICO FRANCE RUSSIA

LABOR-INTENSIVE INTERTILLAGE IS OFTEN PRACTICED IN a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

THE CANADIAN WHEAT BELT SOUTHEAST ASIA THE TURKISH HIGHLANDS THE ENGLISH COUNTRYSIDE NEW ZEALAND

LABOR-INTENSIVE INTERTILLAGE IS OFTEN PRACTICED IN a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

THE CANADIAN WHEAT BELT SOUTHEAST ASIA THE TURKISH HIGHLANDS THE ENGLISH COUNTRYSIDE NEW ZEALAND

c.

d.

e.

THE STATE OF FLORIDA EARNS GREATER REVENUES FROM THE EXPORT OF ORANGES THAN DOES THE STATE OF GEORGIA. THIS CAN BE ATTRIBUTED TO WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING?

a.

FLORIDA HAS A COMPARATIVE ADVANTAGE AS A PRODUCER OF ORANGES.

b.

GEORGIA HAS A COMPARATIVE ADVANTAGE AS A PRODUCER OF ORANGES.

FLORIDA’S ECONOMY IS PRIMARILY BASED ON AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION.

GEORGIA’S ECONOMY IS FOCUSED ON TOURISM AND MANUFACTURING.

UNLIKE FLORIDA, GEORGIA HAS NO COASTAL PORT FACILITIES.

c.

d.

e.

THE STATE OF FLORIDA EARNS GREATER REVENUES FROM THE EXPORT OF ORANGES THAN DOES THE STATE OF GEORGIA. THIS CAN BE ATTRIBUTED TO WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING?

a.

FLORIDA HAS A COMPARATIVE ADVANTAGE AS A PRODUCER OF ORANGES.

b.

GEORGIA HAS A COMPARATIVE ADVANTAGE AS A PRODUCER OF ORANGES.

FLORIDA’S ECONOMY IS PRIMARILY BASED ON AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION.

GEORGIA’S ECONOMY IS FOCUSED ON TOURISM AND MANUFACTURING.

UNLIKE FLORIDA, GEORGIA HAS NO COASTAL PORT FACILITIES.

SUBSISTENCE AGRICULTURE IS ALWAYS CHARACTERIZED BY a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

DOUBLE-CROPPING OF SPECIFIC GRAINS.

EXTENSIVE USE OF THE LAND.

PRODUCTION ONLY FOR FAMILY CONSUMPTION.

PRODUCTION ONLY FOR TRADE.

IRRIGATION AND INORGANIC FERTILIZATION.

SUBSISTENCE AGRICULTURE IS ALWAYS CHARACTERIZED BY a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

DOUBLE-CROPPING OF SPECIFIC GRAINS.

EXTENSIVE USE OF THE LAND.

PRODUCTION ONLY FOR FAMILY CONSUMPTION .

PRODUCTION ONLY FOR TRADE.

IRRIGATION AND INORGANIC FERTILIZATION.

WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING PAIRS OF AGRICULTURAL TYPES OCCUPIES THE LARGEST PERCENTAGE OF THE WORLD’S TOTAL LAND AREA?

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

PLANTATION AGRICULTURE AND SPECIALIZED HORTICULTURE.

CATTLE RANCHING AND MEDITERRANEAN AGRICULTURE.

WHEAT FARMING AND DAIRYING.

SHIFTING CULTIVATION AND NOMADIC HERDING.

INTENSIVE RICE CULTIVATION AND SUBSISTENCE FARMING.

WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING PAIRS OF AGRICULTURAL TYPES OCCUPIES THE LARGEST PERCENTAGE OF THE WORLD’S TOTAL LAND AREA?

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

PLANTATION AGRICULTURE AND SPECIALIZED HORTICULTURE.

CATTLE RANCHING AND MEDITERRANEAN AGRICULTURE.

WHEAT FARMING AND DAIRYING.

SHIFTING CULTIVATION AND NOMADIC HERDING.

INTENSIVE RICE CULTIVATION AND SUBSISTENCE FARMING.

WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS THE BEST EXAMPLE OF EXTENSIVE LAND USE IN AGRICULTURE?

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

A CATTLE FEEDLOT A GREENHOUSE AN EGG-PRODUCTION FACILITY A SHEEP RANCH A BACKYARD GARDEN

WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS THE BEST EXAMPLE OF EXTENSIVE LAND USE IN AGRICULTURE?

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

A CATTLE FEEDLOT A GREENHOUSE AN EGG-PRODUCTION FACILITY A SHEEP RANCH A BACKYARD GARDEN

WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS MOST ACCURATE WITH REGARD TO FOOD PREFERENCES AND TABOOS?

FOOD PREFERENCES AREA STRONGER THAN TABOOS AS SEEN BY THE HIGH CONSUMPTION OF BEEF ON THE DECCAN PLATEAU.

b.

FOOD PREFERENCES AND TABOOS HAVE LITTLE INFLUENCE ON THE DIET IN ARABIA AND SOUTHEAST ASIA.

c.

SOME FOODS ARE AVOIDED FOR RELIGIOUS OR CULTURAL REASONS EVEN AT THE EXPENSE OF A BALANCED DIET.

d.

e.

FOOD PREFERENCES AND TABOOS SHOW LITTLE VARIABILITY BETWEEN CULTURES.

LOW HOG PRODUCTION IN CHINA DEMONSTRATES AN AVOIDANCE OF PORK BY THE CHINESE.

WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS MOST ACCURATE WITH REGARD TO FOOD PREFERENCES AND TABOOS?

FOOD PREFERENCES AREA STRONGER THAN TABOOS AS SEEN BY THE HIGH CONSUMPTION OF BEEF ON THE DECCAN PLATEAU.

b.

FOOD PREFERENCES AND TABOOS HAVE LITTLE INFLUENCE ON THE DIET IN ARABIA AND SOUTHEAST ASIA.

c.

SOME FOODS ARE AVOIDED FOR RELIGIOUS OR CULTURAL REASONS EVEN AT THE EXPENSE OF A BALANCED DIET.

d.

e.

FOOD PREFERENCES AND TABOOS SHOW LITTLE VARIABILITY BETWEEN CULTURES.

LOW HOG PRODUCTION IN CHINA DEMONSTRATES AN AVOIDANCE OF PORK BY THE CHINESE.

c.

d.

e.

DURING THE WINTER MONTHS IN NORTH AMERICA, THE PRIMARY SOURCE OF FRUITS AND VEGETABLES FOUND IN GROCERY STORES IS a.

URUGUAY b.

CHILE NIGERIA PHILIPPINES ITALY

c.

d.

e.

DURING THE WINTER MONTHS IN NORTH AMERICA, THE PRIMARY SOURCE OF FRUITS AND VEGETABLES FOUND IN GROCERY STORES IS a.

URUGUAY b.

CHILE NIGERIA PHILIPPINES ITALY

WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING DEVELOPMENTS IS PREDICTED BY THE NON THUNEN MODEL OF LAND USE AROUND CITIES?

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

LARGE SCALE GROWING OF FLOWERS AND VEGETABLES IN THE NETHERLANDS.

LARGE SCALE RUBBER PLANTATIONS IN MALAYSIA LARGE SCALE COMMERCIAL FISHING IN JAPAN EXTENSIVE CATTLE RAISING IN NORTHERN FRANCE VERY LARGE DAIRY FARMS IN UTAH AND SOUTHERN IIDAHO

WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING DEVELOPMENTS IS PREDICTED BY THE NON THUNEN MODEL OF LAND USE AROUND CITIES?

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

LARGE SCALE GROWING OF FLOWERS AND VEGETABLES IN THE NETHERLANDS .

LARGE SCALE RUBBER PLANTATIONS IN MALAYSIA LARGE SCALE COMMERCIAL FISHING IN JAPAN EXTENSIVE CATTLE RAISING IN NORTHERN FRANCE VERY LARGE DAIRY FARMS IN UTAH AND SOUTHERN IIDAHO

ON THE MAP ABOVE, THE SHADED AREA IS MOST ASSOCIATED WITH WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING TYPES OF AGRICULTURE?

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

TRUCK FARMING PLANTATION AGRICULTURE SLASH-AND-BURN CULTIVATION RICE CULTIVATION DAIRY FARMING

ON THE MAP ABOVE, THE SHADED AREA IS MOST ASSOCIATED WITH WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING TYPES OF AGRICULTURE?

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

TRUCK FARMING PLANTATION AGRICULTURE SLASH-AND-BURN CULTIVATION RICE CULTIVATION DAIRY FARMING

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING TYPES OF ECONOMIC ACTIVITY IS MOST LIKELY TO PRODUCE THE LARGEST AMOUNT OF FOOD PER UNIT OF LAND?

SHIFTING CULTIVATION HUNTING AND GATHERING EXTENSIVE SUBSISTENCE FARMING INTENSIVE SUBSISTENCE FARMING PASTORAL NOMADISM

c.

d.

e.

WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING TYPES OF ECONOMIC ACTIVITY IS MOST LIKELY TO PRODUCE THE LARGEST AMOUNT OF FOOD PER UNIT OF LAND?

a.

SHIFTING CULTIVATION b.

HUNTING AND GATHERING EXTENSIVE SUBSISTENCE FARMING INTENSIVE SUBSISTENCE FARMING PASTORAL NOMADISM

WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS NOT A SIGNIFICATION FACTOR IN THE DRAMATIC INCREASE IN GLOBAL FOOD PRODUCTION SINCE THE MID 20 TH CENTURY?

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

A SIGNIFICATION INCREASE IN THE AMOUNT OF CULTIVATED LAND THE GROWING OF SPECIALIZED CROPS BASED ON PROFITABILITY THE DEVELOPMENT OF HIGHER-YIELDING VARIETIES OF CROPS THE SPREAD OF AGRIBUSINESS TO SOME DEVELOPING COUNTRIES THE EXPANDED USE OF FERTILIZERS

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS NOT A SIGNIFICATION FACTOR IN THE DRAMATIC INCREASE IN GLOBAL FOOD PRODUCTION SINCE THE MID 20 TH CENTURY?

A SIGNIFICATION INCREASE IN THE AMOUNT OF CULTIVATED LAND THE GROWING OF SPECIALIZED CROPS BASED ON PROFITABILITY THE DEVELOPMENT OF HIGHER-YIELDING VARIETIES OF CROPS THE SPREAD OF AGRIBUSINESS TO SOME DEVELOPING COUNTRIES THE EXPANDED USE OF FERTILIZERS

c.

d.

e.

WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING RIVER VALLEYS HAS BEEN MOST ASSOCIATED WITH INTENSIVE AGRICULTURE BASED ON IRRIGATION SINCE ANCIENT TIMES?

a.

NILE RIVER b.

AMAZON RIVER MISSISSIPPI RIVER THAMES RIVER VOLGA RIVER

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING RIVER VALLEYS HAS BEEN MOST ASSOCIATED WITH INTENSIVE AGRICULTURE BASED ON IRRIGATION SINCE ANCIENT TIMES?

NILE RIVER AMAZON RIVER MISSISSIPPI RIVER THAMES RIVER VOLGA RIVER

WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS THE BEST GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF FARMING PRACTICES TODAY IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES?

a.

ALMOST ALL FARMERS STILL PRACTICE INTENSIVE SUBSISTENCE AGRICULTURE b.

ALMOST ALL FARMERS STILL PRACTICE EXTENSIVE SUBSISTENCE AGRICULTURE c.

d.

FARMERS ARE NOW EARNING LARGE PROFITS BECAUSE MARKET PRICES HAVE GONE UP FEW PEOPLE PRACTICE FARMING, ESPECIALLY SINCE LARGE FARMS IN DEVELOPED COUNTRIES NOW FEED THE WORLD e.

SMALL-SIZE FARMERS ARE NOW LINKING WITH FOREIGN SOURCES FOR SUPPLIES AND MARKETS

b.

c.

d.

WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS THE BEST GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF FARMING PRACTICES TODAY IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES?

a.

ALMOST ALL FARMERS STILL PRACTICE INTENSIVE SUBSISTENCE AGRICULTURE ALMOST ALL FARMERS STILL PRACTICE EXTENSIVE SUBSISTENCE AGRICULTURE FARMERS ARE NOW EARNING LARGE PROFITS BECAUSE MARKET PRICES HAVE GONE UP FEW PEOPLE PRACTICE FARMING, ESPECIALLY SINCE LARGE FARMS IN DEVELOPED COUNTRIES NOW FEED THE WORLD e.

SMALL-SIZE FARMERS ARE NOW LINKING WITH FOREIGN SOURCES FOR SUPPLIES AND MARKETS

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

VON THUNEN’S PATTERN OF RINGS THAT EXPLAINS THE SPATIAL LAYOUT OF FARMING EMPHASIZES THE NEED TO APPLY INTENSIVE AGRICULTURE IN THE MARKET CENTER ZONE 1 ZONE 2 ZONE 3 ZONE 4

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

VON THUNEN’S PATTERN OF RINGS THAT EXPLAINS THE SPATIAL LAYOUT OF FARMING EMPHASIZES THE NEED TO APPLY INTENSIVE AGRICULTURE IN THE MARKET CENTER ZONE 1 ZONE 2 ZONE 3 ZONE 4

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING FOODS WAS UNKNOWN IN THE WESTERN HEMISPHERE BEFORE THE COLUMBIAN EXCHANGE OF THE LATE 15 TH AND 16 TH CENTURIES?

CORN BEANS SQUASH WHEAT POTATOES

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING FOODS WAS UNKNOWN IN THE WESTERN HEMISPHERE BEFORE THE COLUMBIAN EXCHANGE OF THE LATE 15 TH AND 16 TH CENTURIES?

CORN BEANS SQUASH WHEAT POTATOES

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING STATEMENTS ABOUT LANDS WHERE MEDITERRANEAN AGRICULTURE IS PRACTICED IS INACCURATE? THEY BORDER SEAS AND OCEANS.

THEY ARE ON THE EAST COAST OF CONTINENTS SUMMERS ARE HOT AND DRY LAND IS OFTEN HILLY OR MOUNTAINOUS FARMING IS OFTEN DONE ON NARROW STRIPS OF LAND ALONG THE COAST

WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING STATEMENTS ABOUT LANDS WHERE MEDITERRANEAN AGRICULTURE IS PRACTICED IS INACCURATE? a.

THEY BORDER SEAS AND OCEANS.

b.

c.

d.

e.

THEY ARE ON THE EAST COAST OF CONTINENTS SUMMERS ARE HOT AND DRY LAND IS OFTEN HILLY OR MOUNTAINOUS FARMING IS OFTEN DONE ON NARROW STRIPS OF LAND ALONG THE COAST

A NICKNAME FOR THE SHADED AREAS ON THE MAP ABOVE IS a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

CORN CENTER OF THE WORLD BREADBASKET OF THE WORLD RICE BOWL OF THE WORLD SHEEP RAISING CENTER OF THE WORLD THE PAMPAS OF THE WORLD

A NICKNAME FOR THE SHADED AREAS ON THE MAP ABOVE IS a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

CORN CENTER OF THE WORLD BREADBASKET OF THE WORLD RICE BOWL OF THE WORLD SHEEP RAISING CENTER OF THE WORLD THE PAMPAS OF THE WORLD

WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING BUILDING STYLES IS MISMATCHED WITH AN AREA OF USE?

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

WOOD/NORTH AMERICA OVEN-BAKED BLOCKS OF CEMENT/MIDDLE EAST WET MUD MIXED WITH STRAW/NORTHERN CHINA STONE/ANDES MOUNTAINS WATTLE/AFRICA

WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING BUILDING STYLES IS MISMATCHED WITH AN AREA OF USE?

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

WOOD/NORTH AMERICA OVEN-BAKED BLOCKS OF CEMENT/MIDDLE EAST WET MUD MIXED WITH STRAW/NORTHERN CHINA STONE/ANDES MOUNTAINS WATTLE/AFRICA

WHICH OF THE COUNTRIES IN THE CHART ABOVE IS MOST CLEARLY IN THE POST INDUSTRIAL ERA?

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

COUNTRY A COUNTRY B COUNTRY C COUNTRY D COUNTRY E

WHICH OF THE COUNTRIES IN THE CHART ABOVE IS MOST CLEARLY IN THE POST INDUSTRIAL ERA?

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

COUNTRY A COUNTRY B COUNTRY C COUNTRY D COUNTRY E

WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING WAS NOT A CHANGE BROUGHT ABOUT BY THE NEOLITHIC REVOLUTION?

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

INCREASE IN RELIABLE FOOD SUPPLIES JOB SPECIALIZATION STABILIZATION OF POPULATION GROWTH WIDENING OF GENDER DIFFERENCES DEVELOPMENT OF DISTINCTIONS BETWEEN SETTLED PEOPLE AND NOMADS.

WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING WAS NOT A CHANGE BROUGHT ABOUT BY THE NEOLITHIC REVOLUTION?

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

INCREASE IN RELIABLE FOOD SUPPLIES JOB SPECIALIZATION STABILIZATION OF POPULATION GROWTH WIDENING OF GENDER DIFFERENCES DEVELOPMENT OF DISTINCTIONS BETWEEN SETTLED PEOPLE AND NOMADS.

ACCORDING TO CARL SAUER, VEGETATIVE PLANTING PROBABLY ORIGINATED IN THE DIVERSE CLIMATE AND TOPOGRAPHY OF a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

EAST AFRICA NORTHERN ASIA WESTERN EUROPE MESOAMERICA SOUTHEAST ASIA

ACCORDING TO CARL SAUER, VEGETATIVE PLANTING PROBABLY ORIGINATED IN THE DIVERSE CLIMATE AND TOPOGRAPHY OF a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

EAST AFRICA NORTHERN ASIA WESTERN EUROPE MESOAMERICA SOUTHEAST ASIA

WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING CROPS ORIGINATED IN SOUTH AMERICA?

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

WHEAT BANANAS POTATOES RICE CITRUS FRUITS

WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING CROPS ORIGINATED IN SOUTH AMERICA?

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

WHEAT BANANAS POTATOES RICE CITRUS FRUITS

THE MAP ABOVE SHOWS MAJOR REGIONS OF a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

INTENSIVE SUBSISTENCE FARMING PASTORAL NOMADISM MIXED CROP AND LIVESTOCK FARMING SHIFTING CULTIVATION PLANTATION FARMING

THE MAP ABOVE SHOWS MAJOR REGIONS OF a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

INTENSIVE SUBSISTENCE FARMING PASTORAL NOMADISM MIXED CROP AND LIVESTOCK FARMING SHIFTING CULTIVATION PLANTATION FARMING

A DISTINCTIVE BUILDING STYLE IN THE ANDES MOUNTAINS MAKE USE OF a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

OVEN-BAKED BRICK WOOD AND STRAW NATURAL STONE WITH NO MORTAR WATTLE SUN-DRIED BRICKS

A DISTINCTIVE BUILDING STYLE IN THE ANDES MOUNTAINS MAKE USE OF a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

OVEN-BAKED BRICK WOOD AND STRAW NATURAL STONE WITH NO MORTAR WATTLE SUN-DRIED BRICKS

THE LONG-LOT SURVEY SYSTEM DIVIDES LAND INTO NARROW PARCELS WITH THE INTENTION OF a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

GIVING MORE PEOPLE ACCESS TO TRANSPORTATION ALLOWING NEIGHBORS TO HELP ONE ANOTHER WITH HARVESTS FAIRLY DISTRIBUTING NATURAL RESOURCES ENCOURAGING SETTLERS TO DISPERSE EVENLY ACROSS THE INTERIOR FARMLANDS ENCOURAGING THE PRACTICE OF PRIMOGENITURE

THE LONG-LOT SURVEY SYSTEM DIVIDES LAND INTO NARROW PARCELS WITH THE INTENTION OF a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

GIVING MORE PEOPLE ACCESS TO TRANSPORTATION ALLOWING NEIGHBORS TO HELP ONE ANOTHER WITH HARVESTS FAIRLY DISTRIBUTING NATURAL RESOURCES ENCOURAGING SETTLERS TO DISPERSE EVENLY ACROSS THE INTERIOR FARMLANDS ENCOURAGING THE PRACTICE OF PRIMOGENITURE

THROUGH BIOTECHNOLOGY, LABORATORIES DEVELOPED IR8 AND IR 36, HYBRID VARIETIES OF a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

CORN WHEAT RICE BEANS SORGHUM

THROUGH BIOTECHNOLOGY, LABORATORIES DEVELOPED IR8 AND IR 36, HYBRID VARIETIES OF a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

CORN WHEAT RICE BEANS SORGHUM

ABOUT HALF OF ALL CORN AND ABOUT ONE QUARTER OF ALL WHEAT EXPORTS COME FROM a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

THE UNITED STATES CHINA INDIA EUROPE AFRICA

ABOUT HALF OF ALL CORN AND ABOUT ONE QUARTER OF ALL WHEAT EXPORTS COME FROM a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

THE UNITED STATES CHINA INDIA EUROPE AFRICA

MODERN GLOBAL AGRICULTURAL PATTERNS STILL FOLLOW COLONIAL PATTERNS BECAUSE POOR COUNTRIES a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

DO NOT PARTICIPATE IN THE INTERNATIONAL MARKET PROVIDE MORE SUPPORT FOR INDUSTRIAL ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES STILL PRODUCE RAW MATERIALS FOR CONSUMPTION BY PEOPLE IN RICHER COUNTRIES TRADE MAINLY WITH ONE ANOTHER RELY MORE HEAVILY THAN RICH NATIONS ON MACHINERY AND FERTILIZER

MODERN GLOBAL AGRICULTURAL PATTERNS STILL FOLLOW COLONIAL PATTERNS BECAUSE POOR COUNTRIES a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

DO NOT PARTICIPATE IN THE INTERNATIONAL MARKET PROVIDE MORE SUPPORT FOR INDUSTRIAL ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES STILL PRODUCE RAW MATERIALS FOR CONSUMPTION BY PEOPLE IN RICHER COUNTRIES TRADE MAINLY WITH ONE ANOTHER RELY MORE HEAVILY THAN RICH NATIONS ON MACHINERY AND FERTILIZER

THE FARMING PRACTICES OF ENCLOSURE AND CROP ROTATION WERE IMPORTANT INNOVATIONS OF THE a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

NEOLITHIC REVOLUTION SECOND AGRICULTURAL REVOLUTION INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION GREEN REVOLUTION THIRD AGRICULTURAL REVOLUTION

THE FARMING PRACTICES OF ENCLOSURE AND CROP ROTATION WERE IMPORTANT INNOVATIONS OF THE a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

NEOLITHIC REVOLUTION SECOND AGRICULTURAL REVOLUTION INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION GREEN REVOLUTION THIRD AGRICULTURAL REVOLUTION

INTERNATIONAL COMPANY HEADQUARTERS, SIGNIFICANT GLOBAL FINANCIAL FUNCTIONS, AND A POLARIZED SOCIAL STRUCTURE ARE DEFINING CHARACTERISTICS OF A.

B.

C.

D.

E.

PRIMATE CITIES ENTREPOTS FORWARD CAPITALS WORLD CITIES EDGE CITIES

INTERNATIONAL COMPANY HEADQUARTERS, SIGNIFICANT GLOBAL FINANCIAL FUNCTIONS, AND A POLARIZED SOCIAL STRUCTURE ARE DEFINING CHARACTERISTICS OF A.

B.

C.

D.

E.

PRIMATE CITIES ENTREPOTS FORWARD CAPITALS WORLD CITIES EDGE CITIES

PRIOR TO 1850 THE LOCATION OF ALL MAJOR NORTH AMERICAN CITIES WAS RELATED, CHIEFLY, TO THE PRESENCE OF a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

TRANSCONTINENTAL RAILROADS DEFENSIVE SITES RAILROAD JUNCTIONS NAVIGABLE WATERWAYS WATER POWER

PRIOR TO 1850 THE LOCATION OF ALL MAJOR NORTH AMERICAN CITIES WAS RELATED, CHIEFLY, TO THE PRESENCE OF a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

TRANSCONTINENTAL RAILROADS DEFENSIVE SITES RAILROAD JUNCTIONS NAVIGABLE WATERWAYS WATER POWER

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

THE ALIGNMENT OF ANCIENT CHINESE CITIES TOWARD THE CARDINAL DIRECTIONS (N,S,E,W) BEST ILLUSTRATES THE IMPORTANCE OF WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING FACTORS IN THE SHAPING OF THESE EARLY CITIES BELIEF SYSTEMS TOPOGRAPHY ECONOMICS GENDER TECHNOLOGY

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

THE ALIGNMENT OF ANCIENT CHINESE CITIES TOWARD THE CARDINAL DIRECTIONS (N,S,E,W) BEST ILLUSTRATES THE IMPORTANCE OF WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING FACTORS IN THE SHAPING OF THESE EARLY CITIES BELIEF SYSTEMS TOPOGRAPHY ECONOMICS GENDER TECHNOLOGY

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

AN URBAN CENTER THAT IS DISPROPORTIONALLY LARGER THAN THE SECOND LARGEST CITY IS A COUNTRY AND THAT DOMINATES THE COUNTRY’S SOCIAL, POLITICAL, AND ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES CAN BE BEST CLASSIFIED AS A MEGALOPOLIS A CONURBATION A PRIMATE CITY AN EDGE CITY AN IMPERIAL CITY

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

AN URBAN CENTER THAT IS DISPROPORTIONALLY LARGER THAN THE SECOND LARGEST CITY IS A COUNTRY AND THAT DOMINATES THE COUNTRY’S SOCIAL, POLITICAL, AND ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES CAN BE BEST CLASSIFIED AS A MEGALOPOLIS A CONURBATION A PRIMATE CITY AN EDGE CITY AN IMPERIAL CITY

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS USEFUL FOR DESCRIBING A SETTLEMENT NODE WHOSE PRIMARY FUNCTION IS TO PROVIDE FOR THE POPULATION IN ITS HINTERLAND?

VON THUNEN’S MODEL OF LAND USE CONCENTRIC ZONE MODEL CORE-PERIPHERY MODEL ROSTOW’S MODEL OF ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT CHRISTALLER’S MODEL OF CENTRAL PLACE

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS USEFUL FOR DESCRIBING A SETTLEMENT NODE WHOSE PRIMARY FUNCTION IS TO PROVIDE FOR THE POPULATION IN ITS HINTERLAND?

VON THUNEN’S MODEL OF LAND USE CONCENTRIC ZONE MODEL CORE-PERIPHERY MODEL ROSTOW’S MODEL OF ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT CHRISTALLER’S MODEL OF CENTRAL PLACE

WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING MOST CLOSELY DESCRIBES THE LEADING TREND IN RETAILING IN THE UNITED STATES DURING THE 1950S, 1970S, AND 1990S?

1950s DOWNTOWN BUSINESS DISTRICT 1970s, SHOPPING MALL 1990s “BIG BOX” SUPERSTORE a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

DOWNTOWN BUSINESS DISTRICT SHOPPING MALL “BIG BOX” SUPERSTORE “BIG BOX” SUPERSTORE “BIG BOX” SUPERSTORE DOWNTOWN BUSINESS DISTRICT DOWNTOWN BUSINESS DISTRICT SHOPPING MALL SHOPPING MALL “BIG BOX” SUPERSTORE SHOPPING MALL DOWNTOWN BUSINESS DISTRICT

WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING MOST CLOSELY DESCRIBES THE LEADING TREND IN RETAILING IN THE UNITED STATES DURING THE 1950S, 1970S, AND 1990S?

1950s DOWNTOWN BUSINESS DISTRICT 1970s, SHOPPING MALL 1990s “BIG BOX” SUPERSTORE a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

DOWNTOWN BUSINESS DISTRICT SHOPPING MALL “BIG BOX” SUPERSTORE “BIG BOX” SUPERSTORE “BIG BOX” SUPERSTORE DOWNTOWN BUSINESS DISTRICT DOWNTOWN BUSINESS DISTRICT SHOPPING MALL SHOPPING MALL “BIG BOX” SUPERSTORE SHOPPING MALL DOWNTOWN BUSINESS DISTRICT

WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING WAS NOT A REASON FOR RAPID SUBURBANIZATION IN THE UNITED STATES AFTER THE SECOND WORLD WAR?

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

MASS PRODUCTION OF THE AUTOMOBILE REDUCTION IN LONG-DISTANCE COMMUTING EXPANSION OF HOME CONSTRUCTION EXPANSION OF THE INTERSTATE HIGHWAY SYSTEM AVAILABILITY OF LOW DOWN PAYMENT TERMS AND LONG-TERM MORTGAGES

WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING WAS NOT A REASON FOR RAPID SUBURBANIZATION IN THE UNITED STATES AFTER THE SECOND WORLD WAR?

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

MASS PRODUCTION OF THE AUTOMOBILE REDUCTION IN LONG-DISTANCE COMMUTING EXPANSION OF HOME CONSTRUCTION EXPANSION OF THE INTERSTATE HIGHWAY SYSTEM AVAILABILITY OF LOW DOWN PAYMENT TERMS AND LONG-TERM MORTGAGES

ACCORDING TO THE RANK-SIZE RULE, IF HE LARGEST CITY IS A COUNTRY HAS A POPULATION OF 10 MILLION, THE NEXT LARGEST CITY WILL HAVE A POPULATION OF a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

9 MILLION 8 MILLION 7.5 MILLION 5 MILLION 3.5 MILLION

ACCORDING TO THE RANK-SIZE RULE, IF HE LARGEST CITY IS A COUNTRY HAS A POPULATION OF 10 MILLION, THE NEXT LARGEST CITY WILL HAVE A POPULATION OF a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

9 MILLION 8 MILLION 7.5 MILLION 5 MILLION 3.5 MILLION

c.

d.

e.

ACCORDING TO THE SECTOR MODEL OF NORTH AMERICAN CITY STRUCTURE, MEMBERS OF LOW INCOME GROUPS TEND TO LIVE IN WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING PLACES?

a.

THE INNER CITY ONLY b.

PERIPHERAL TEMPORARY SETTLEMENTS LINEAR RESIDENTIAL AREAS RADIATING FROM THE CENTER CITY OUTWARD EVENLY DISPERSED THROUGHOUT THE URBAN AREA THE SUBURBS AND RURAL AREAS ONLY

c.

d.

e.

ACCORDING TO THE SECTOR MODEL OF NORTH AMERICAN CITY STRUCTURE, MEMBERS OF LOW INCOME GROUPS TEND TO LIVE IN WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING PLACES?

a.

THE INNER CITY ONLY b.

PERIPHERAL TEMPORARY SETTLEMENTS LINEAR RESIDENTIAL AREAS RADIATING FROM THE CENTER CITY OUTWARD EVENLY DISPERSED THROUGHOUT THE URBAN AREA THE SUBURBS AND RURAL AREAS ONLY

CENTRALITY OF STOCK EXCHANGES, TRANSPORTATION, RETAIL BUSINESSES, AND ENTERTAINMENT OFFERINGS, AS WELL AS A DISPROPORTIONATE SHARE OF WEALTHY PEOPLE ARE DEFINING CHARACTERISTICS OF a.

b.

EDGE CITIES MANUFACTURING CITIES c.

FORWARD CAPITALS d.

e.

GHETTOIZED CITIES WORLD CITIES

CENTRALITY OF STOCK EXCHANGES, TRANSPORTATION, RETAIL BUSINESSES, AND ENTERTAINMENT OFFERINGS, AS WELL AS A DISPROPORTIONATE SHARE OF WEALTHY PEOPLE ARE DEFINING CHARACTERISTICS OF a.

b.

EDGE CITIES MANUFACTURING CITIES c.

FORWARD CAPITALS d.

e.

GHETTOIZED CITIES WORLD CITIES

WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS TRUE OF AN EDGE CITY?

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

IT IS LOCATED ON THE EDGE OF A LAKE, RIVER, OR OTHER PHYSICAL FEATURE.

IT IS CLOSE TO BANKRUPTCY.

IT IS AN OUTLET FOR A REGION’S TRADE.

IT IS INCREASINGLY USED FOR HEAVY INDUSTRY.

IT HAS A LARGE AMOUNT OF RECENTLY DEVELOPED RETAIL AND OFFICE SPACE.

WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS TRUE OF AN EDGE CITY?

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

IT IS LOCATED ON THE EDGE OF A LAKE, RIVER, OR OTHER PHYSICAL FEATURE.

IT IS CLOSE TO BANKRUPTCY.

IT IS AN OUTLET FOR A REGION’S TRADE.

IT IS INCREASINGLY USED FOR HEAVY INDUSTRY.

IT HAS A LARGE AMOUNT OF RECENTLY DEVELOPED RETAIL AND OFFICE SPACE.

b.

c.

d.

e.

AN INCREASE IN THE DEMAND FOR A CITY’S GOODS AND SERVICES PRODUCES RAPID IN-MIGRATION. WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING EXPLAINS WHY A CITY OFTEN DOES NOT EXPERIENCE A CORRESPONDING OUT-MIGRATION WHEN THE DEMAND FOR ITS GOODS AND SERVICES DECLINE?

a.

MOST COUNTRIES HAVE UNEMPLOYMENT BENEFIT PROGRAMS DESIGNED TO KEEP WORKERS IN PLACE TO PROVIDE A RESERVOIR OF CHEAP LABOR.

MOST COUNTRIES HAVE STRICT CONTROLS ON MIGRATION THAT LIMIT INTERCITY MOVEMENT.

UNEMPLOYED WORKERS HAVE SKILLS THAT MAY NOT EASILY TRANSFER TO A NEW CITY.

FAMILY AND EMOTIONAL BONDS TO THE CITY MANY LIMIT WORKERS’ MOBILITY.

THE DECLINE IN DEMAND FOR THE CITY’S GOODS AND SERVICES INDICATES THAT THE COUNTRY’S ENTIRE ECONOMY IS IN DECLINE, THEREFORE WORKERS HAVE NO PLACE TO GO.

b.

c.

d.

e.

AN INCREASE IN THE DEMAND FOR A CITY’S GOODS AND SERVICES PRODUCES RAPID IN-MIGRATION. WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING EXPLAINS WHY A CITY OFTEN DOES NOT EXPERIENCE A CORRESPONDING OUT-MIGRATION WHEN THE DEMAND FOR ITS GOODS AND SERVICES DECLINE?

a.

MOST COUNTRIES HAVE UNEMPLOYMENT BENEFIT PROGRAMS DESIGNED TO KEEP WORKERS IN PLACE TO PROVIDE A RESERVOIR OF CHEAP LABOR.

MOST COUNTRIES HAVE STRICT CONTROLS ON MIGRATION THAT LIMIT INTERCITY MOVEMENT.

UNEMPLOYED WORKERS HAVE SKILLS THAT MAY NOT EASILY TRANSFER TO A NEW CITY.

FAMILY AND EMOTIONAL BONDS TO THE CITY MANY LIMIT WORKERS’ MOBILITY.

THE DECLINE IN DEMAND FOR THE CITY’S GOODS AND SERVICES INDICATES THAT THE COUNTRY’S ENTIRE ECONOMY IS IN DECLINE, THEREFORE WORKERS HAVE NO PLACE TO GO.

CENTRAL PLACE THEORY DESCRIBES THE a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

SPATIAL PATTERNS OF URBAN AND OUTLYING AREAS BASED ON THE FLOW OF GOODS AND SERVICES.

TENDENCY OF DIFFERENT ETHNIC GROUPS TO CONGREGATE IN A SINGLE LOCATION.

TENDENCY OF CIVILIZATIONS TO FORM AROUND CERTAIN NATURAL FEATURES.

OUTWARD RADIATION OF CULTURAL PATTERNS FROM A CENTRAL PLACE.

TENDENCY OF WEALTH TO CONCENTRATE IN URBAN CORE AREAS.

CENTRAL PLACE THEORY DESCRIBES THE a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

SPATIAL PATTERNS OF URBAN AND OUTLYING AREAS BASED ON THE FLOW OF GOODS AND SERVICES.

TENDENCY OF DIFFERENT ETHNIC GROUPS TO CONGREGATE IN A SINGLE LOCATION.

TENDENCY OF CIVILIZATIONS TO FORM AROUND CERTAIN NATURAL FEATURES.

OUTWARD RADIATION OF CULTURAL PATTERNS FROM A CENTRAL PLACE.

TENDENCY OF WEALTH TO CONCENTRATE IN URBAN CORE AREAS.

WHAT ASPECTS OF THE DESIGN OF BRASILIA, CANBERRA, AND WASHINGTON D.C. WAS DIFFERENT FROM THE DESIGN OF MOST OTHER URBAN CENTERS?

a.

THEY WERE DESIGNED AS SHOW PLACES TO REFLECT THE POWER AND WEALTH OF THEIR RESPECTIVE COUNTRIES.

b.

THEIR DESIGN WAS BASED LARGELY ON TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS TO ALLOW FOR EFFICIENT MOVEMENT OF RAW MATERIALS AND FINISHED PRODUCTS.

c.

THEY WERE PLANNED AROUND A MAJOR RIVER TO ALLOW EASE OF MOVEMENT OF FOODSTUFFS FROM THE HINTERLAND TO THE CITY.

d.

THEY WERE POSITIONED NEAR THE CENTER OF THEIR RESPECTIVE COUNTRIES TO HELP PROTECT THEM FROM ENEMY ATTACK.

e.

THEY WERE DESIGNED TO UTILIZE THE HYDROPOWER POTENTIAL OF THE NEARBY RIVERS TO ATTRACT MANUFACTURING FIRMS.

WHAT ASPECTS OF THE DESIGN OF BRASILIA, CANBERRA, AND WASHINGTON D.C. WAS DIFFERENT FROM THE DESIGN OF MOST OTHER URBAN CENTERS?

a.

THEY WERE DESIGNED AS SHOW PLACES TO REFLECT THE POWER AND WEALTH OF THEIR RESPECTIVE COUNTRIES.

b.

THEIR DESIGN WAS BASED LARGELY ON TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS TO ALLOW FOR EFFICIENT MOVEMENT OF RAW MATERIALS AND FINISHED PRODUCTS.

c.

THEY WERE PLANNED AROUND A MAJOR RIVER TO ALLOW EASE OF MOVEMENT OF FOODSTUFFS FROM THE HINTERLAND TO THE CITY.

d.

THEY WERE POSITIONED NEAR THE CENTER OF THEIR RESPECTIVE COUNTRIES TO HELP PROTECT THEM FROM ENEMY ATTACK.

e.

THEY WERE DESIGNED TO UTILIZE THE HYDROPOWER POTENTIAL OF THE NEARBY RIVERS TO ATTRACT MANUFACTURING FIRMS.

WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING MODELS OF URBAN STRUCTURE DEPICTS A COMMERCIAL SPINE BORDERED BY ELITE RESIDENTIAL SECTOR EXTENDING OUTWARD FROM THE CENTRAL BUSINESS DISTRICT?

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

URBAN REALMS CONCENTRIC ZONE MULTIPLE NUCLEI LATIN AMERICAN CITY SOUTHEAST ASIAN CITY

WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING MODELS OF URBAN STRUCTURE DEPICTS A COMMERCIAL SPINE BORDERED BY ELITE RESIDENTIAL SECTOR EXTENDING OUTWARD FROM THE CENTRAL BUSINESS DISTRICT?

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

URBAN REALMS CONCENTRIC ZONE MULTIPLE NUCLEI LATIN AMERICAN CITY SOUTHEAST ASIAN CITY

WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING DESCRIBES A PRIMATE CITY?

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

IT IS ECONOMICALLY AND POLITICALLY INTERCONNECTED TO OTHER CITIES IN THE WORLD.

IT IS DISPROPORTIONATELY LARGE IN RELATION TO THE NEXT LARGEST CITIES IN THAT COUNTRY.

IT IS SURROUNDED BY WALLS LIKE A FORTRESS.

IT IS LINKED BY COLONIAL ADMINISTRATORS TO AN IMPERIAL POWER.

IT IS PRIMARILY CONCERNED WITH ITS ROLE AS A RELIGIOUS CENTER.

WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING DESCRIBES A PRIMATE CITY?

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

IT IS ECONOMICALLY AND POLITICALLY INTERCONNECTED TO OTHER CITIES IN THE WORLD.

IT IS DISPROPORTIONATELY LARGE IN RELATION TO THE NEXT LARGEST CITIES IN THAT COUNTRY.

IT IS SURROUNDED BY WALLS LIKE A FORTRESS.

IT IS LINKED BY COLONIAL ADMINISTRATORS TO AN IMPERIAL POWER.

IT IS PRIMARILY CONCERNED WITH ITS ROLE AS A RELIGIOUS CENTER.

ALL OF THE FOLLOWING ARGUMENTS ARE CITED BY CRITICS OF MEGASTORES EXCEPT THAT MEGASTORES a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

DESTROY LOCALLY OWNED STORES.

HOMOGENIZE THAT LANDSCAPE.

INCREASE TRAFFIC AND CONGESTION.

CONFORM TO THE DISTINCTIVENESS OF A REGION.

ARE OUTSIDERS WITH NO STAKE IN THE COMMUNITY.

ALL OF THE FOLLOWING ARGUMENTS ARE CITED BY CRITICS OF MEGASTORES EXCEPT THAT MEGASTORES a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

DESTROY LOCALLY OWNED STORES.

HOMOGENIZE THAT LANDSCAPE.

INCREASE TRAFFIC AND CONGESTION.

CONFORM TO THE DISTINCTIVENESS OF A REGION.

ARE OUTSIDERS WITH NO STAKE IN THE COMMUNITY.

ALL OF THE FOLLOWING WERE CRUCIAL TO THE EMERGENCE OF THE FIRST CITIES EXCEPT a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

AN AGRICULTURAL SURPLUS A STRATIFIED SOCIAL SYSTEM LABOR SPECIALIZATION A SYSTEM OF FOOD STORAGE AND DISTRIBUTION SEPARATION OF THE RULING SYSTEM AND THE RELIGIOUS SYSTEM

ALL OF THE FOLLOWING WERE CRUCIAL TO THE EMERGENCE OF THE FIRST CITIES EXCEPT a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

AN AGRICULTURAL SURPLUS A STRATIFIED SOCIAL SYSTEM LABOR SPECIALIZATION A SYSTEM OF FOOD STORAGE AND DISTRIBUTION SEPARATION OF THE RULING SYSTEM AND THE RELIGIOUS SYSTEM

ALL OF THE FOLLOWING ARE REASONS FOR THE RISE OF SUBURBAN DEVELOPMENT IN THE 1950S EXCEPT a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

THE BUILDING OF INTERSTATE HIGHWAYS THE G.I. BILL OF RIGHTS BETTER PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION THE DESIRE FOR MORE SPACE PREFAB CONSTRUCTION METHODS

ALL OF THE FOLLOWING ARE REASONS FOR THE RISE OF SUBURBAN DEVELOPMENT IN THE 1950S EXCEPT a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

THE BUILDING OF INTERSTATE HIGHWAYS THE G.I. BILL OF RIGHTS BETTER PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION THE DESIRE FOR MORE SPACE PREFAB CONSTRUCTION METHODS

c.

d.

e.

WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING REGIONS HAD THE SMALLEST PERCENTAGE OF PEOPLE LIVING IN URBAN AREAS AT THE END OF THE TWENTIETH CENTURY?

a.

AUSTRALIA b.

SOUTH ASIA NORTH AMERCE EUROPE SOUTH AMERICA

c.

d.

e.

WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING REGIONS HAD THE SMALLEST PERCENTAGE OF PEOPLE LIVING IN URBAN AREAS AT THE END OF THE TWENTIETH CENTURY?

a.

AUSTRALIA b.

SOUTH ASIA NORTH AMERCE EUROPE SOUTH AMERICA

THE DEVELOPMENT OF HIGH-SPEED RAIL LINES, HIGHWAYS, AND COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS HAS CREATED CITIES THAT SEEM TO BE APART FROM TRADITIONAL CENTRAL-PLACE HIERARCHIES BECAUSE THEY HAVE DEVELOPED COMPLEMENTARY FUNCTIONS. WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS AN EXAMPLE OF THESE SO-CALLED NETWORK CITIES?

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

LONDON-BIRMINGHAM-LIVERPOOL HONG KONG-SHANGHAI-BEIJING MOSCOW-ST. PETERSBURG-KIEV CLEVELAND-TOLEDO-CHICAGO TOKYO-OSAKA-NAGASAKI

THE DEVELOPMENT OF HIGH-SPEED RAIL LINES, HIGHWAYS, AND COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS HAS CREATED CITIES THAT SEEM TO BE APART FROM TRADITIONAL CENTRAL-PLACE HIERARCHIES BECAUSE THEY HAVE DEVELOPED COMPLEMENTARY FUNCTIONS. WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS AN EXAMPLE OF THESE SO-CALLED NETWORK CITIES?

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

LONDON-BIRMINGHAM-LIVERPOOL HONG KONG-SHANGHAI-BEIJING MOSCOW-ST. PETERSBURG-KIEV CLEVELAND-TOLEDO-CHICAGO TOKYO-OSAKA-NAGASAKI

DURING THE 19 TH CENTURY CITIES LIKE ST. LOUIS, MISSOURI, OMAHA, NEBRASKA, AND TOPEKA, KANSAS GREW RAPIDLY LARGELY BECAUSE OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

STEAMSHIPS TRANSCONTINENTAL HIGHWAYS RAILROADS NEW SMELTING TECHNOLOGIES NEW BANKING TECHNIQUES

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

DURING THE 19 TH CENTURY CITIES LIKE ST. LOUIS, MISSOURI, OMAHA, NEBRASKA, AND TOPEKA, KANSAS GREW RAPIDLY LARGELY BECAUSE OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF STEAMSHIPS TRANSCONTINENTAL HIGHWAYS RAILROADS NEW SMELTING TECHNOLOGIES NEW BANKING TECHNIQUES

b.

c.

d.

e.

WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS MOST USEFUL IN DESCRIBING A LARGE URBAN AREA CONSISTING OF AN INNER CITY SURROUNDED BY SUBURBAN EDGE CITIES?

a.

HARRIS’S PERIPHERAL MODEL HARRIS AND ULLMAN’S MULTI-NUCLEI MODEL BURGESS’S CONCENTRIC MODEL HOYT’S SECTOR MODEL CHRISTALLER’S CENTRAL PLACE THEORY

b.

c.

d.

e.

WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS MOST USEFUL IN DESCRIBING A LARGE URBAN AREA CONSISTING OF AN INNER CITY SURROUNDED BY SUBURBAN EDGE CITIES?

a.

HARRIS’S PERIPHERAL MODEL HARRIS AND ULLMAN’S MULTI-NUCLEI MODEL BURGESS’S CONCENTRIC MODEL HOYT’S SECTOR MODEL CHRISTALLER’S CENTRAL PLACE THEORY

THE BASIC SECTOR OF A CITY’S ECONOMY IS COMPOSED PRIMARILY OF a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

EXPORT ACTIVITIES SERVICE JOBS AND ACTIVITIES MANUFACTURING JOBS AND ACTIVITIES RETAIL SALES EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITIES

THE BASIC SECTOR OF A CITY’S ECONOMY IS COMPOSED PRIMARILY OF a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

EXPORT ACTIVITIES SERVICE JOBS AND ACTIVITIES MANUFACTURING JOBS AND ACTIVITIES RETAIL SALES EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITIES

ACCORDING TO CHRISTALLER’S CENTRAL PLACE THEORY, TOWNS OF THE SAME SIZE ARE EVENLY SPACED BECAUSE a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

TOWNS ARE USUALLY INDEPENDENT FROM ONE ANOTHER GOODS WITH LOW THRESHOLDS ARE MORE BASIC TO TRADE THAN THOSE WITH HIGH THRESHOLDS THEY ARE IN THE CENTER OF LIKE-SIZED MARKET AREAS THEIR MARKETS OVERLAP AND PLACE THEM IN COMPETITION WITH ONE ANOTHER THEY SERVE WITH DIFFERENT LIFE STYLES AND INCOME LEVELS

ACCORDING TO CHRISTALLER’S CENTRAL PLACE THEORY, TOWNS OF THE SAME SIZE ARE EVENLY SPACED BECAUSE a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

TOWNS ARE USUALLY INDEPENDENT FROM ONE ANOTHER GOODS WITH LOW THRESHOLDS ARE MORE BASIC TO TRADE THAN THOSE WITH HIGH THRESHOLDS THEY ARE IN THE CENTER OF LIKE-SIZED MARKET AREAS THEIR MARKETS OVERLAP AND PLACE THEM IN COMPETITION WITH ONE ANOTHER THEY SERVE WITH DIFFERENT LIFE STYLES AND INCOME LEVELS

WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING STRUCTURES IS LEAST LIKELY TO BE BUILT IN OR CLOSE TO THE CENTRAL CITY?

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

GOVERNMENT BUILDINGS SCHOOLS PUBLIC LIBRARIES PUBLIC PARKS AUTOMOBILE SALES CENTERS

WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING STRUCTURES IS LEAST LIKELY TO BE BUILT IN OR CLOSE TO THE CENTRAL CITY?

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

GOVERNMENT BUILDINGS SCHOOLS PUBLIC LIBRARIES PUBLIC PARKS AUTOMOBILE SALES CENTERS

ALL MODELS FOR URBAN LAND USE SUPPORT THE CONCEPT THAT a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

ALL CITIES HAVE ONE CENTRAL BUSINESS AREA THAT DOMINATES ALL OTHERS MOST PEOPLE PREFER TO LIVE NEAR OTHERS WITH SIMILAR DEMOGRAPHIC CHARACTERISTICS LOWER INCOME PEOPLE TEND TO LIVE CLOSE TO THE CITY’S CENTER SUBURBS ARE ALMOST COMPLETELY RESIDENTIAL LAND USES DO NOT USUALLY CARRY OVER FROM ONE GENERATION TO THE NEXT

ALL MODELS FOR URBAN LAND USE SUPPORT THE CONCEPT THAT a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

ALL CITIES HAVE ONE CENTRAL BUSINESS AREA THAT DOMINATES ALL OTHERS MOST PEOPLE PREFER TO LIVE NEAR OTHERS WITH SIMILAR DEMOGRAPHIC CHARACTERISTICS LOWER INCOME PEOPLE TEND TO LIVE CLOSE TO THE CITY’S CENTER SUBURBS ARE ALMOST COMPLETELY RESIDENTIAL LAND USES DO NOT USUALLY CARRY OVER FROM ONE GENERATION TO THE NEXT

ACCORDING TO DATA FROM THE U.S. CENSUS BUREAU, WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS LIKELY TO BE THE MOST SEGREGATED BETWEEN BLACK AND WHITE RESIDENTS?

a.

A SMALL TOWN IN THE SOUTH b.

c.

A METROPOLITAN AREA IN THE SOUTH A METROPOLITAN AREA IS THE WEST d.

e.

A SMALL TOWN IN THE WEST A METROPOLITAN AREA IN THE NORTHEAST

ACCORDING TO DATA FROM THE U.S. CENSUS BUREAU, WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS LIKELY TO BE THE MOST SEGREGATED BETWEEN BLACK AND WHITE RESIDENTS?

a.

A SMALL TOWN IN THE SOUTH b.

c.

A METROPOLITAN AREA IN THE SOUTH A METROPOLITAN AREA IS THE WEST d.

e.

A SMALL TOWN IN THE WEST A METROPOLITAN AREA IN THE NORTHEAST

THE DENSITY GRADIENT DESCRIBES A CHANGE AS DISTANCE INCREASES FROM THE CENTER OF THE CITY IN THE a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

SIZE OF HOUSES AVERAGE INCOME OF RESIDENTS NUMBER OF RESIDENTS AND HOUSES AMOUNT OF OPEN SPACES NUMBER OF BUSINESSES

THE DENSITY GRADIENT DESCRIBES A CHANGE AS DISTANCE INCREASES FROM THE CENTER OF THE CITY IN THE a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

SIZE OF HOUSES AVERAGE INCOME OF RESIDENTS NUMBER OF RESIDENTS AND HOUSES AMOUNT OF OPEN SPACES NUMBER OF BUSINESSES

“THE CENTRAL CITY OFTEN CONSISTS OF THREE CBS, THE REMAINS OF THE COLONIAL CBD, AN INFORMAL OPEN-AIR MARKET ZONE, AND A TRANSITIONAL BUSINESS CENTER WHERE BUSINESS IS CONDUCTED IN LESS TRANSITORY, BUT SOMEWHAT MAKESHIFT, BUILDINGS, STALLS, AND OR STOREFRONTS.” THE PASSAGE ABOVE DESCRIBES ONE MODEL OF a.

ASIAN CITIES b.

c.

d.

EUROPEAN CITIES CITIES IN NORTHERN AFRICA SUB-SAHARAN CITIES e.

LATIN AMERICAN CITIES

“THE CENTRAL CITY OFTEN CONSISTS OF THREE CBS, THE REMAINS OF THE COLONIAL CBD, AN INFORMAL OPEN-AIR MARKET ZONE, AND A TRANSITIONAL BUSINESS CENTER WHERE BUSINESS IS CONDUCTED IN LESS TRANSITORY, BUT SOMEWHAT MAKESHIFT, BUILDINGS, STALLS, AND OR STOREFRONTS.” THE PASSAGE ABOVE DESCRIBES ONE MODEL OF a.

ASIAN CITIES b.

c.

d.

EUROPEAN CITIES CITIES IN NORTHERN AFRICA SUB-SAHARAN CITIES e.

LATIN AMERICAN CITIES

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

A LARGE LAND SPACE AREA SOCIAL HETEROGENEITY CULTURAL ATTRACTIONS SPECIALIZED JOBS GOOD ACCESS TO WATER TRANSPORTATION

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

A LARGE LAND SPACE AREA SOCIAL HETEROGENEITY CULTURAL ATTRACTIONS SPECIALIZED JOBS GOOD ACCESS TO WATER TRANSPORTATION

CITIES APPEARED DURING THE FORMATIVE ERA (4000-2000 B.C.E.) IN ALL OF THE FOLLOWING AREAS EXCEPT a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

MESOPOTAMIA MISSISSIPPI RIVER VALLEY INDUS RIVER VALLEY NILE RIVER VALLEY AEGEAN SEA

CITIES APPEARED DURING THE FORMATIVE ERA (4000-2000 B.C.E.) IN ALL OF THE FOLLOWING AREAS EXCEPT a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

MESOPOTAMIA MISSISSIPPI RIVER VALLEY INDUS RIVER VALLEY NILE RIVER VALLEY AEGEAN SEA

THE TALLEST MOST ELABORATE BUILDINGS IN MEDIEVAL CITIES IN EUROPE WERE USUALLY a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

GOVERNMENT BUILDINGS PALACES FOR KINGS HOUSES FOR THE ELITES CHURCHES TRADE CENTERS

THE TALLEST MOST ELABORATE BUILDINGS IN MEDIEVAL CITIES IN EUROPE WERE USUALLY a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

GOVERNMENT BUILDINGS PALACES FOR KINGS HOUSES FOR THE ELITES CHURCHES TRADE CENTERS

A MEGACITY IS DEFINED BY THE UNITED NATIONS AS A CITY WITH A POPULATION OF MORE THAN a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

1 MILLION 5 MILLION 10 MILLION 20 MILLION 50 MILLION

A MEGACITY IS DEFINED BY THE UNITED NATIONS AS A CITY WITH A POPULATION OF MORE THAN a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

1 MILLION 5 MILLION 10 MILLION 20 MILLION 50 MILLION

THE “ZONE OF TRANSITION” WAS IDENTIFIED AS ONE AREA OF URBAN LAND USE IN THE MODEL DESIGNED BY a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

E.W. BURGESS WALTER CHRISTALLER HOMER HOYT HARRIS AND ULLMAN LOUIS UIMAN

THE “ZONE OF TRANSITION” WAS IDENTIFIED AS ONE AREA OF URBAN LAND USE IN THE MODEL DESIGNED BY a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

E.W. BURGESS WALTER CHRISTALLER HOMER HOYT HARRIS AND ULLMAN LOUIS UIMAN

THE MODEL OF URBAN LAND USE PICTURED ABOVE IS DIFFERENT FROM EARLIER MODELS IN THAT IT ARGUES THAT a.

A CITY GROWS IN A SERIES OF SECTORS, NOT RINGS b.

c.

A CITY GROWS FROM MULTIPLE NODES, NOT JUST FROM ONE CENTRAL BUSINESS DISTRICT INVASION AND SUCCESSION EXPLAINS NEIGHBORHOOD CHANGES d.

e.

AN URBAN AREA CONSISTS OF AN INNER CITY SURROUNDED BY LARGE SUBURBAN AREAS GREENBELTS SHOULD BE INCLUDED IN CITY PLANNING IN ORDER TO CONTROL URBAN SPRAWL

THE MODEL OF URBAN LAND USE PICTURED ABOVE IS DIFFERENT FROM EARLIER MODELS IN THAT IT ARGUES THAT a.

A CITY GROWS IN A SERIES OF SECTORS, NOT RINGS b.

c.

A CITY GROWS FROM MULTIPLE NODES, NOT JUST FROM ONE CENTRAL BUSINESS DISTRICT INVASION AND SUCCESSION EXPLAINS NEIGHBORHOOD CHANGES d.

e.

AN URBAN AREA CONSISTS OF AN INNER CITY SURROUNDED BY LARGE SUBURBAN AREAS GREENBELTS SHOULD BE INCLUDED IN CITY PLANNING IN ORDER TO CONTROL URBAN SPRAWL

b.

c.

d.

e.

AFTER THE 1960S, THE PRACTICE OF CHANGING GHETTO BOUNDARIES BY SHOWING HOUSES TO BLACKS IN WHITE NEIGHBORHOODS AND TO WHITES IN BLACK NEIGHBORHOODS WAS CALLED a.

REDLINING BLOCKBUSTING GHETTOIZATION RACIAL STEERING SMART GROWTH

b.

c.

d.

e.

AFTER THE 1960S, THE PRACTICE OF CHANGING GHETTO BOUNDARIES BY SHOWING HOUSES TO BLACKS IN WHITE NEIGHBORHOODS AND TO WHITES IN BLACK NEIGHBORHOODS WAS CALLED a.

REDLINING BLOCKBUSTING GHETTOIZATION RACIAL STEERING SMART GROWTH

“LOCAL GOVERNMENT FRAGMENTATION” REFERS TO THE PHENOMENON OF a.

b.

c.

d.

A CITY GOVERNMENT OPERATING SEPARATELY FROM THOSE OF ITS SUBURBS MEMBERS OF COUNCILS OF GOVERNMENT DISAGREEING WITH ONE ANOTHER COOPERATION AMONG LOCAL GOVERNMENTS IN ORDER TO SOLVE REGIONAL PROBLEMS CONSOLIDATION OF LOCAL GOVERNMENTS INTO ONE SO THAT NO DIFFERENCES EXIST BETWEEN COUNTY AND CITY GOVERNMENTS e.

SMART GROWTH TO CONTROL URBAN SPRAWL

“LOCAL GOVERNMENT FRAGMENTATION” REFERS TO THE PHENOMENON OF a.

b.

c.

d.

A CITY GOVERNMENT OPERATING SEPARATELY FROM THOSE OF ITS SUBURBS MEMBERS OF COUNCILS OF GOVERNMENT DISAGREEING WITH ONE ANOTHER COOPERATION AMONG LOCAL GOVERNMENTS IN ORDER TO SOLVE REGIONAL PROBLEMS CONSOLIDATION OF LOCAL GOVERNMENTS INTO ONE SO THAT NO DIFFERENCES EXIST BETWEEN COUNTY AND CITY GOVERNMENTS e.

SMART GROWTH TO CONTROL URBAN SPRAWL

MANY CITIES HAVE ENCOURAGED GENTRIFICATION IN ORDER TO a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

PROMOTE SUBURBAN GROWTH PROMOTE THE CONSTRUCTION OF MEGASTORES SUPPORT AFFORDABILITY OF INNER CITY HOUSING FOR THE POOR AVOID DEMOLISHING DETERIORATED INNER-CITY HOUSES ENFORCING ZONING ORDINANCES

MANY CITIES HAVE ENCOURAGED GENTRIFICATION IN ORDER TO a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

PROMOTE SUBURBAN GROWTH PROMOTE THE CONSTRUCTION OF MEGASTORES SUPPORT AFFORDABILITY OF INNER CITY HOUSING FOR THE POOR AVOID DEMOLISHING DETERIORATED INNER-CITY HOUSES ENFORCING ZONING ORDINANCES

b.

c.

d.

e.

A ZONE a.

EUROPE

“IN SITU ACCRETION”

DISAMENITY SECTOR WERE OBSERVED BY ERNST GRIFFIN AND LARRY FORD IN THEIR MODEL FOR CITIES AND A SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA THE MIDDLE EAST ASIA LATIN AMERICA

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

A ZONE

“IN SITU ACCRETION”

DISAMENITY SECTOR WERE OBSERVED BY ERNST GRIFFIN AND LARRY FORD IN THEIR MODEL FOR CITIES AND A EUROPE SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA THE MIDDLE EAST ASIA LATIN AMERICA