Evaluarea riscurilor— calea spre locuri de muncă sănătoase

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Transcript Evaluarea riscurilor— calea spre locuri de muncă sănătoase

Employer and employee - partnership for a healthy work place

Dr. Daniela OLAR - Selgros Cash&Carry.

Who are we?

Society for en-gross commerce

Part of Fegro / Selgros group

Main shareholders of Fegro / Selgros:

REWE Group and Coop Group, which represent TransGourmet-Holding

Modern world of work

Employer

Employee / worker / collaborator

Partnership

Wellbeing at workplace

Health means for us:

Our employees’ health

Workplace’s health

Organizational climate health

Environmental health

Organizational climate health

Sincerity

Honesty

Respect

Equality

Ergonomy within office work

• • •

Dangers and risks within office work:

Position related problems

Time, intensity and project of office work

Psychological factors

Environment Health problems:

  

Muscle and bone diseases Stress Visual tiredness Legal framework:

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Directive 90/270/CEE HG 1028/2006 Key-words: equipment with screen, workplace, employee

Ergonomy of office work

The development of a proactive organizational strategy: risk assessment

Understanding the problems (recognizing and involvement)

Creation of a proper climate (participation, responsibility)

Assumption of DMS risk/ reducing the risk

Education / information

Control along DMS cases

Periodical check of the efficiency of the programs

Ergonomy of office work

Good ergonomic practice – reducing risks and dangers

Environmental conditions (ISO 9241)

  

Light Noise Microclimate

Arranging the workplace

Computer screen, keyboard, / mouse / chair / workplace / desk / document rack / phone

Natural position of the body

head / shoulders / back / elbows / hands / hips and loins / knees / legs

Ergonomy for everybody

Information / Communication

Involvement / Education

Awareness

Responsibility

The ergonomy of working at PC

The ergonomy of working at PC

The ergonomy of working at PC

The ergonomy of working at PC

The ergonomy of working at PC

The ergonomy of working at PC

The ergonomy of working at PC

The ergonomy of working at PC

The ergonomy of working at PC

Take care of the body’s signals!

Typical effects of unilateral solicitation of the body:

Difficulties of concentration

Sight over solicitation

Muscular stress (especially of the shoulder and back muscles)

Tendency for varix

Headache / tiredness

Digestive diseases

Changes of the muscles used for sustaining the body

Anorexy

Take care of the body’s signals!

Tipical simptoms for exhaustion and oversolicitation

Mood changings

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Insomnia Difficulties of concentration Digestive problems Vertige Tiredness Bothering sensation Anxiety Easy Irritability Pale skin Pesimism Weakness Tensions Unexpectable headache

Active organization of the breaks

• • •

Tipical areas for problems

Eyes, shoulders and backbone, arms and hands, loins, legs The way the muscular system works

Lack of balance Program for exercises

For eyes / shoulders and backbone / arms and hands / loins and hips / legs

Exercises for the whole body

Using the intelligence of the body

Stretching

Schemae advice for the program of exercises

Information, education, awareness

Exercises program – 6 sections: 1. Eyes:

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Put your palms on your eyes Change the focalisation

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Move your sight Look through the window

Information, education, awareness 2. Shoulder and backbone

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Rotate your shoulders Rotate your head

 

Stretch the backbone on the side Stretch from chest to backbone

Information, education, awareness 3. Arms and hands

 

Arrange your fingers Stretch your forearms

Information, education, awareness 4. Backbone and hips

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Inervertebra disks Active sitting

 

Rotation and moving of the hips Stretching your body (sitting)

Forwarding your chest

Stretching your belly

Informare, educare, constientizare 4. Backbone and hips

 

Inervertebra disks Active sitting

 

Rotation and moving of the hips Stretching your body (sitting)

Forwarding your chest

Stretching your belly

Information, education, awareness 5. Legs

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Veins Swinging the legs

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Stretching the posterior part of thighs “Elevator” “Hop”

Involvement, responsability 6.

Exercises for the whole body

 • • • •

Using the intelligence of the body

• •

Activate your natural forces for selfcuring Your body knows exactly what it needed to keep healthy

• • •

Knead your muscles, not your skeleton Try to localize the painful points on your body, and knead them carefuly Massage your hands for warm them, and put them on the painful points Try to recognize the stressed sides of your body and relax them

The breath: Attention:

calm and equal oriented to the specific sides of your body

How long it takes:

how long you want

Stretching

The body knows the adequate measure of stretching with vigourant effect

Involvement, responsability

Schemae / advice for the program of exercises

Try to make the exercises very carefully

Less means more!

Pay attention to your body’s signals

What kind of things does it signal?

Sham the breath through the parts of body which are implied in training

Exercise whenever you like

Try to keep up the head and body during the exercises

Relax your shoulders

Compare your physical sensations before and after exercises

Essential

Sources of information

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http://ew2007.osha.europa.eu

http://osha.europa.eu/publications http://hwi.osha.europa.eu

www.officesafe.net www.yorkcvs.org.uk www.lancs.ac.uk www.hse.gov.uk www.protectiamuncii.ro

www.tifaq.com www.workpace.com ISO 9241-6:1999 Ergonomic requirements for office work with visual display terminals (VDTs) Cerinte ergonomice pentru munca de birou cu videoterminale (VDT)-- Part 6: Guidance on the work environment Ghid pentru microclimat

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Health and Safety Executive (2005) Work-related stress Gätjens – Reuter, Margit / Behrens, Claudia, Manual de secretariat si asistenta manageriala, Editura Tehnica, Bucuresti, 2001