Your Research Rights: Ownership Awareness to Maximize the

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Transcript Your Research Rights: Ownership Awareness to Maximize the

Your Research Rights:
Ownership Awareness to Maximize the
Impact of Your Publications
Katie Newman
Sarah L. Shreeves
University Library
Author’s Rights – a three minute video ..
Why Do We Publish?
To make an impact – we want our
research to make a difference.
To build a reputation.
To engage with other scholars.
To fulfill institutional and
organizational expectations.
Professional advancement.
To make money.
What do you want to do with your work?
Share with colleagues
Make it available to your students
Use parts of it yourself, in future work
Use parts of it in a Wikipedia entry
Post it to your website or to a
‐ Others?
In order to publish your work,
publishers need from you the
right to publish your work.
Usually publishers ask you to
transfer your copyright to them.
The work belongs to you until
you give your rights away!
Copyright transfer agreements often asks
you to transfer all of your rights!
“The Author(s) assigns to Publisher exclusive copyright and
related rights in the Article, including the right to publish the Work
in all forms and media including print and all other forms of
electronic publication or any other types of publication including
subsidiary rights in all languages.”
You (may) lose your:
Right to distribute copies
Right to use copies in your classroom
Right to make derivative works
Right to archive the published copy into a
disciplinary or institutional repository
What does the publisher really need?
• A non-exclusive right to
publish and distribute a
work and receive a
financial return
• Proper attribution and
citation as journal of first
• Right to migrate the
work to future formats
It doesn’t have to be all or nothing!
Read the copyright transfer agreement carefully.
• Some will explicitly grant the author certain rights
• Ask whether you can retain copyright (and just grant the
publisher a license to publish)
• Edit the copyright transfer agreement directly
• Append an amendment to the copyright transfer form
that stipulates the rights you need, for example:
CIC Author Amendment or SPARC/Science Commons)
If the publisher still says no…
• Consider publishing your work elsewhere.
• Consider publishing your work in an open
access journal.
• Publish your work as planned with the
original publisher.
The decision is entirely up to you.
Open Access
• Freely available to
anyone with Internet
• Authors retain
• Users must properly
cite and acknowledge
the authors.
Advantage to Open Access:
Paper is cited more frequently
Number of Citations
Non-Open Access vs Open Access:
Number of Citations to Articles
For many more
studies see:
Non-Open Access
Open Access
Number of Months after
Eysenbach, PLOS-Biology, 2006
The Effect of Open
Access and
Downloads on
Citation Impact:
a bibliography of
Multiple Venues for Open Access (OA)…
• Publish in a fully OA journal
– See: Directory of Open Access Journals
– Many OA journals are innovative and facilitate digital
• Journal of Visualized Experimentation:
• Southern Spaces:
• Hybrid journal: Pay a fee to have your article OA in an
otherwise non-OA journal (examples)
– See: Wikipedia entry on Hybrid Journals
• Deposit your work in an openly accessible
repository (at institution and/or for discipline)
– See: arXiv
Open Access is Becoming an Expectation:
The NIH Mandate
The Law:
The Director of the National Institutes of Health shall
require that all investigators funded by the NIH submit
or have submitted for them to the National Library of
Medicine's PubMed Central an electronic version of
their final, peer-reviewed manuscripts upon acceptance
for publication, to be made publicly available no later
than 12 months after the official date of publication:
Provided, That the NIH shall implement the public
access policy in a manner consistent with copyright law.
NIH Mandate
• As of April 7, 2008, all publications from research funded
by the NIH must be submitted to PubMed Central
– A year-long embargo is allowed
– Author’s final versions are allowed (post-script version) though
publisher’s versions are encouraged
– Extra funding was not provided
– Copyright compliance is required
• Penalty for non-compliance:
Lack of future funding from the NIH!
• For more info:
Illinois NIH Public Access Mandate support site:
Open Access is Becoming an Expectation:
The Harvard Mandate
February 12, 2008: Harvard’s Arts & Sciences faculty
unanimously approved:
Each Faculty member grants to the President and
Fellows of Harvard College permission to make
available his or her scholarly articles and to exercise
the copyright in those articles. In legal terms, the
permission granted by each Faculty member is a
nonexclusive, irrevocable, paid-up, worldwide license to
exercise any and all rights under copyright relating to
each of his or her scholarly articles, in any medium, and
to authorize others to do the same, provided that the
articles are not sold for a profit.
Harvard will be depositing articles
into an institutional repository.
Digital institutional repository for research and
scholarship produced by faculty, researchers,
and graduate students at Illinois
• Distributes your research as widely as
possible via search engines and other tools
• Preserves your work for long-term access
• Provides open access to your research, thus
increasing your impact
IDEALS: What type of materials?
Also audio and video
IDEALS: Copyright Issues
• You retain your copyright
• Many publishers allow you to deposit the author’s
final version of the work (after peer review)
• Some publishers allow you to deposit the published
• Consult the Sherpa Romeo list of Publisher
Copyright Policies and Self-Archiving to find a
summary of permissions that are normally given as
part of each publisher's copyright transfer
agreement <>
IDEALS: Benefits
• Permanent web address for each item
• Full-text indexing
• Visible in Google, Google Scholar, and
other search engines
• Download statistics
• Long-term preservation
• May meet some grant requirements
It’s your research.
Understand your rights.
Read your agreements with publishers.
Understand how to increase your impact.
• Katie Newman
[email protected]
• Sarah Shreeves
IDEALS Coordinator
[email protected]
References / Attribution
Video: SPARC, ACRL, ARL Author Rights -
Slide 1: Pile of Books
Slide 3: Term paper
Slide 4: Tools
Slide 5: BookCase
Slide 6,8: Pig
Slide 7: White books
Slide 10: Illinois Alma Mater sculpture
Slide 12: Door
Slide 16: Pills
Slide 18: Harvard University
Slide 23: Research Reflection:
All photographs above are used under a Creative Commons license.
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California, 94105, USA.