6 Traits Writing Inservice
6 Traits Writing Inservice
4. Word Choice
5. Sentence Fluency
+1 – Presentation
* Define the traits
*Talk about the traits with other students
*Look for the traits when we are reading
*Determine which traits are the most important
for the different types of writing (narrative,
descriptive, and persuasive)
*Use a 6 traits rubric to self and peer assess
*Writing begins with IDEAS.
*This trait is the heart of the message.
It is the
central idea and the support for that idea.
*IDEAS includes details, descriptions, and
evidence to support your ideas.
*Aim for clarity:
the message must be
the topic is narrowed
down to a manageable size.
*Include for quality details:
are beyond the obvious or general.
You can tell what my main idea is.
I did not try to tell everything. I told
what was important.
I know my topic well. I had enough
information and details to answer my
I support and expand the main idea
with evidence, examples, facts, or
* In groups of 4, describe some of the different ways you
can come up with fantastic ideas for your writing?
* Mind mapping
* Flow charts
* Talk to knowledgeable people
*This trait is the internal structure of your
*It is the skeleton of the piece.
*The order or system to your writing.
*The organization should be logical,
make connections between ideas, and
includes linking words & transitional
*Create an inviting opening:
get and hold a reader’s attention.
the order should be
logical and effective, with careful
linking of one idea or paragraph to
*Employ an effective ending:
ending should tie up loose ends and
leave the reader with something to think
My lead gets you hooked.
My writing is easy to follow, like a good
The reader does not feel lost or confused.
I linked ideas with word bridges like: on
the other hand, for example, however, or
I did not spend time explaining things
everyone already knows.
My writing ends with a sense of purpose,
resolution, or tension.
* Describe how you might organize your writing
differently for narrative, descriptive, and persuasive
* 4 or five paragraph essay
* Plot Graph
* Beginning, middle, and end
* Story Mapping
* Essay outline
*The personal or emotional quality of the
*It is the author’s original fingerprints on
*The sense that a real person is
authentically speaking to us.
*The heart and soul of the writing.
*The atmosphere and tone of the writing is
included in this trait.
*Create an appropriate “flavor” or tone:
the tone should be fit the purpose for the
writing and the audience.
*The reader should believe you are
involved and enthusiastic about the
* Should be easy to covey your
commitment: there is a sense that the
author “cares” about the topic.
The tone is formal/persuasive/insightful for
The tone is detailed/descriptive /engaging for
descriptive and narrative writing.
This writing sounds like ME.
I “talk” to the reader in my writing.
I know this topic well enough to write with
This is a paper I would enjoy sharing aloud.
I try to bring readers “inside” my writing by askingWhat do they already know? What would they like to
know? What will they find interesting?
* What are some different ways that you could describe
the tone of a text?
* Whimsical-odd, strange, fantastic; fun
* Solemn-deeply earnest, tending toward sad reflection
* Conventional-lacking spontaneity, originality, and
* Ribald-offensive in speech or gesture
* See FAQs on website for more
*This trait focuses on using descriptive,
and accurate language.
*The use of rich, colorful, and honest
*Language is precise: it means exactly
what you want to say language.
*A vernacular of vivid, vibrant, and
*Choose words that are vivid and precise:
the language is appealing, memorable and
*Aim for effective and original use of
everyday words: misuse of language or
over-reliance on the thesaurus tend to
hamper the effectiveness of good word
My words make sense. They are used correctly.
My words are a perfect fit for my topic and audience.
I have used strong and active verbs.
I have incorporated imagery (the 5 senses) to create
pictures in the reader’s mind.
I avoided words like great, nice, fun, neat, stuff, and
I was careful not to repeat one word too many times.
I did not use big words just to show off. I actually know
what they mean!
* Come up with a list of 10 taboo words that should never
be used in our writing.
* U, R, C, LOL, OMG
* Good, bad, happy, sad
*This trait focuses on the rhythm and
cadence of the piece.
*The way the writing flows when read
*Creating variety in sentence structure.
*Read aloud for smoothness and easy flow.
*Incorporate variety in sentence structure.
*Construct differences in sentence length.
I read this aloud and I like how it sounds.
Many sentences begin in different ways.
Some sentences are long, some short.
If I used dialogue, it sounds like real
* When is it okay to use sentence fragments in your writing?
* In both fiction and nonfiction, sentence fragments may be used
deliberately to create a variety of powerful effects, such as:
* Fragmented thoughts
* Enhanced mood
* Snapshots of emotions
* Emphasized points or positions
* Increased fluidity
* Incomplete sentences that bore, distract, or confuse readers
should be corrected.
*This trait reflects the general correctness
of the piece.
*The mechanics of writing, including:
*Begin by editing:
there should be
evidence that the piece has been edited
and proofread with care.
*Check your mechanics: proper spelling,
punctuation, grammar and usage,
paragraphing, and use of capital letters are
* Do not forget the overall presentation:
this dimension can expand into the areas of
handwriting, neatness, format, and layout.
(This is the “+1”)
I have proofread my whole paper.
I read the piece both silently and aloud.
I have checked my:
My paper is neat and looks good on the
This paper is ready to publish.
* What is your most challenging convention to learn how
to consistently use?