POETRY - mrsfranczak
POETRY - mrsfranczak
A type of
feelings, or tells
a story in a
POINT OF VIEW
The poet is the
author of the poem.
The speaker of the
poem is the
“narrator” of the
FORM - the
appearance of the
words on the page
LINE - a group of
words together on
one line of the
STANZA - a group
of lines arranged
A word is dead
When it is said,
I say it just
Begins to live
STANZA T YPES
a two line stanza
a three line stanza
a four line stanza
a five line stanza
a six line stanza
a seven line stanza
an eight line stanza
The beat created
by the sounds of
the words in a
Rhythm can be
created by meter,
A pattern of stressed and unstressed
Meter occurs when the stressed and
unstressed syllables of the words in a poem
are arranged in a repeating pattern.
When poets write in meter, they count out the
number of stressed (strong) syllables and
unstressed (weak) syllables for each line.
Then they repeat the pattern throughout the
FOOT - unit of meter.
A foot can have two
or three syllables.
Usually consists of
one stressed and
one or more
TYPES OF FEET
The types of feet
are determined by
the arrangement of
T YPES OF FEET (cont.)
Iambic - unstressed, stressed
Trochaic - stressed, unstressed
Anapestic - unstressed, unstressed, stressed
Dactylic - stressed, unstressed, unstressed
Kinds of Metrical Lines
one foot on a line
two feet on a line
three feet on a line
four feet on a line
five feet on a line
six feet on a line
seven feet on a line
eight feet on a
Scansion divides lines according to units of
rhythm, not units of sense. Scansion, in other
words, treats a line merely and abstractly as a
row of syllables.
FREE VERSE POETRY
poetry, free verse
poetry does NOT
have any repeating
patterns of stressed
Does NOT have
Free verse poetry is
very conversational sounds like
A more modern type
BLANK VERSE POETRY
Written in lines of
but does NOT use
from Julius Ceasar
Cowards die many times
before their deaths;
The valiant never taste of
death but once.
Of all the wonders that I yet
It seems to me most strange
that men should fear;
Seeing that death, a
Will come when it will come.
Words sound alike
because they share
the same ending
vowel and consonant
(A word always
rhymes with itself.)
Share the short “a”
Share the combined
A word at the end of one line rhymes with a word at the end of
Hector the Collector
Collected bits of string.
Collected dolls with broken heads
And rusty bells that would not ring.
A word inside a line rhymes with another word on the same
Once upon a midnight drear y, while I pondered weak and
From “The Raven”
by Edgar Allan Poe
rhyme, close rhyme
The words share
EITHER the same
vowel or consonant
sound BUT NOT
sounds (long “o” and
Share the same
A rhyme scheme is a pattern of rhyme (usually
end rhyme, but not always).
Use the letters of the alphabet to represent
sounds to be able to visually “see” the pattern.
(See next slide for an example.)
SAMPLE RHYME SCHEME
The Germ by Ogden Nash
A mighty creature is the germ,
Though smaller than the
His customary dwelling place
Is deep within the human race.
His childish pride he often pleases
By giving people strange diseases.
Do you, my poppet, feel infirm?
You probably contain a germ.
Words that imitate the sound they are naming
OR sounds that imitate another sound
“The silken, sad, uncertain, rustling of
each purple curtain . . .”
Consonant sounds repeated at the beginnings of words
If Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers, how many
pickled peppers did Peter Piper pick?
Similar to alliteration EXCEPT . . .
The repeated consonant sounds can be anywhere in the words
“silken, sad, uncertain, rustling . . “
Repeated VOWEL sounds in a line or lines of poetry.
(Often creates near rhyme.)
Lake Fate Base Fade
(All share the long “a” sound.)
Examples of ASSONANCE:
“Slow the low gradual moan came in the snowing.”
“Shall ever medicine thee to that sweet sleep.”
- William Shakespeare
A sound, word,
phrase or line
repeated regularly in
“Quoth the raven,
SOME TYPES OF POETRY
A short poem
Usually written in first person point of view
Expresses an emotion or an idea or describes a scene
Do not tell a story and are often musical
A Japanese poem written
in three lines, with five,
seven, then five syllables An old silent pond . . .
A frog jumps into the
Splash! Silence again.
A five line poem
How frail (2)
Above the bulk (4)
Of crashing water hangs (6)
Autumnal, evanescent, wan
The moon. (2)
A fourteen line poem
with a specific rhyme
The poem is written in
three quatrains and
ends with a couplet.
The rhyme scheme is
abab cdcd efef gg
S h a l l I c o m p a r e t h e e to a s u m m e r ’ s d ay ?
T h o u a r t m o r e l o ve l y a n d m o r e te m p e r a te .
Ro u g h w i n d s d o s h a ke t h e d a r l i n g b u d s o f
A n d s u m m e r ’s l e a s e h a t h a l l to o s h o r t a d a te .
S o m et i me s to o h o t t h e eye o f h e av e n s h i n e s ,
A n d o f te n i s h i s g o l d c o m p l ex i o n d i m m e d ;
A n d ev e r y f a i r f r o m f a i r s o m et i m e s d e c l i n e s ,
By chance or nature’s changing course
u n t r i mm e d .
B u t t hy ete r n a l s u m m e r s h a l l n o t f a d e
Nor lose possession of that fair thou ow’st;
Nor shall Death brag thou wanderest in his
W h e n i n ete r n a l l i n e s to t i m e t h o u g r o w ’ s t
S o l o n g a s m e n c a n b r e a t h e o r eye s c a n s e e ,
S o l o n g l i v e s t h i s , a n d t h i s g i v e s l i fe to t h e e .
A poem that tells a
than the lyric styles
of poetry b/c the
poet needs to
and a plot.
Examples of Narrative
“Casey at the Bat”
“The Walrus and the
In concrete poems,
the words are
arranged to create a
picture that relates
to the content of the
A comparison of two things using “like, as than,” or
A direct comparison of two unlike things.
A metaphor that goes several lines or possible the entire
length of a work.
"All the world's a stage, and all the men and women merely
players; They have their exits and their entrances; And one man
in his time plays many parts, His acts being seven ages. At first
the infant, mewling and puking in the nurse's arms...
- 'As You Like It' - William Shakespeare
This is probably one of the most popular examples of an
extended metaphor. In this, the world is compared to a stage
and the comparison extends to include the roles of people. Thus
the comparison that was drawn in the beginning continues in
the following sentences as well.
Most simple metaphors take the form of "being" statements,
such as “Peter is a snake in the grass.” An implied metaphor,
on the other hand, can make the comparison in many
dif ferent ways. For example, “Slithering to her side, Peter
hissed, ‘You can trust me’” shows that Peter is like a snake
without ever saying it specifically.
Exaggeration often used for emphasis.
Understatement - basically the opposite of hyperbole. Often it
Ex. Calling a slow moving person “Speedy”
An expression where the literal meaning of the words is not
the meaning of the expression. It means something other
than what it actually says.
Ex. It’s raining cats and dogs.
Frost at Midnight
By Samuel Taylor Coleridge
The Frost performs its secret ministry,
Unhelped by any wind….
When a person,
place, thing, or
event that has
meaning in itself
also represents, or
Allusion comes from
the verb “allude” which
means “to refer to”
An allusion is a
reference to something
A tunnel walled and
With dazzling crystal: we
Of rare Aladdin’s
And to our own his name
John Greenleaf Whittier
ODE TO AUTUMN- KEATS
Most images are
visual , but they can
also appeal to the
senses of sound,
touch , taste , or smell.
Season of mists and mellow fruitfulness
Close bosom-friend of the maturing sun
Conspiring with him how to load and bless
With fruit the vines that round the thatch-eaves run;
To bend with apples the moss'd cottage-trees,
And fill all fruit with ripeness to the core;
To swell the gourd, and plump the hazel shells
With a sweet kernel; to set budding more,
And still more, later flowers for the bees,
Until they think warm days will never cease,
For Summer has o'er-brimm'd their clammy cells.
What are three things you
What do you still have