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Transcript The Victorian Age - MARILENA BELTRAMINI

The Victorian Age

It is the phase of the Reign of Queen Victoria (1837 – 1901), in which the novel becomes the leading form of literature in England.

significant Novelists


Charles Dickens William Thackeray Anna, Charlotte and Emily Brontë George Eliot


   omniscient third person narrator most of the times the protagonist speaks with the same voice of the author narrator is always visible both in third person and in first person narrations  complicate and long story line    linear time narrative structure Educational purpose


Modernism is an aesthetics movements that goes from 1890 to 1930.

It may be considered a rejection against the Victorian Age because there is a radical transformation in the way in which people see the World, so there is a different concept of life.

IMPORTANT WRITERS OF MODERN AGE : •James Joyce •T. S. Eliot •Ezra Pound •Virginia Woolf • Ford Madox Ford • Francis Scott Fitzgerald • Ernest Hemingway •Henry Roth • Wyndham Lewis •Laura Riding •Hilda Doolittle •Gertrude Stein


Cultural movement during the first three decades of the 20th century Rejected the old Victorian standards In LITERATURE  How say things (form)  Minimum plot  The eclipse of the narrator  The shift of the point of view  The stream of consciousness technique  Focus on the psychology  Simultaneous concept of time  Poetical language

The reader is free to make his personal idea

Virginia Woolf’s “Mrs. Dalloway”

It is a suitable example of Modern fiction, in which V.Woolf

adopts some interesting narrative techniques: The Interior Monologue, in which the reader has got the feeling to be inside character’s mind. He can know everything about character’s present, past and future.

Moment of Being is a moment when an individual is totally conscious of his experience. In her moments of being Woolf uses a language that comes near poetry.

In the novel there is a simultaneous concept of time, however exist a relation between the time of narration and the chronological time.

JAMES JOYCE (1882-1941)

One of the most important Modernist writers  Formal aspect is very important  First person narrator 

Stream of consciousness

technique  No logical connectors  No punctuation  Anaphoric construction  Simultaneous time  Demands a lot to the reader  Joyce is extremely realistic Ulysses (1922) Dublin, 16 June 1904 (a single day) Three characters (Leopold and Molly Bloom, Stephen) 18 chapters have titles derived from the episodes in the Odyssey by Homer Leopold = Ulysses Molly = Penelope Details of everyday life and the inner life of the characters