Chapter 18 Responsibilities and Costs of Credit

download report

Transcript Chapter 18 Responsibilities and Costs of Credit

Chapter
18
Responsibilities and
Costs of Credit
18.1 Using Credit Wisely
18.2 Costs of Credit
© 2010 South-Western, Cengage Learning
Responsibilities of
Consumer Credit
You have responsibilities to yourself.
You have responsibilities to creditors.
Creditors have responsibilities to you.
Chapter 18
© 2010 South-Western, Cengage Learning
SLIDE 2
Responsibilities to Yourself
Use credit wisely and do not get into debt
beyond an amount you can comfortably
repay.
Comparison shop and avoid impulse
buying. Clip
Enter into each transaction in good faith
and with full expectation of meeting your
obligations and upholding your good
credit reputation
Chapter 18
© 2010 South-Western, Cengage Learning
SLIDE 3
Responsibilities to Creditors
When you open an account, you are
pledging your honesty and sincerity in the
use of credit.
Some of your responsibilities are:
Limit your spending
Make payments
Read and understand terms
Contact creditor to resolve problems
Chapter 18
© 2010 South-Western, Cengage Learning
SLIDE 4
Avoiding Unnecessary
Credit Costs
 Accept only the amount of credit that you need.
 Unused credit can count against you.
 Unused credit is the remaining credit available to
you on current accounts.
 Make more than the minimum payment.
 Do not increase spending as income
increases.
 Keep your credit accounts to a minimum.
 Pay cash for small purchases.
Chapter 18
© 2010 South-Western, Cengage Learning
SLIDE 5
Avoiding Unnecessary
Credit Costs
(continued)
 Understand the cost of credit.
 Shop for loans.
 Take advantage of credit incentive programs.
 With a rewards program, you will receive a
payback in the form of points that can be redeemed
for merchandise or airline tickets.
 With a rebate plan, you get back a portion of what
you spent in credit purchases over the year.
Chapter 18
© 2010 South-Western, Cengage Learning
SLIDE 6
(continued)
Simple Interest Formula
The cost is based on three elements:
A loan’s principal is the amount borrowed,
or the unpaid portion of the amount
borrowed, on which the borrower pays
interest.
The rate is the percentage of interest you
will pay on a loan.
Time is the period during which the borrower
will repay a loan; it is expressed as a fraction
of a year.
Chapter 18
© 2010 South-Western, Cengage Learning
SLIDE 7
(continued)
Annual Percentage Rate Formula
2nf
APR 
P (N  1)
Where:
n = number of payment periods in one year
f = finance charge
P = principal or amount borrowed
N = total number of payments
Chapter 18
© 2010 South-Western, Cengage Learning
SLIDE 8
Credit Card Billing Methods
Adjusted balance method – lowest Finance
charge
Average daily balance method
Previous balance method – more expensive
Two-cycle billing -- most expensive; AVOID
Chapter 18
© 2010 South-Western, Cengage Learning
SLIDE 9