Landlocked countries

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Transcript Landlocked countries

The Almaty Programme of Action.

The World Bank contribution to Almaty POA

World Bank POA Activities




Projects (IBRD-IDA) portfolio Technical assistance: the TFF, partnerships Knowledge production and dissemination => Key findings and lessons for the Almaty POA.

Part of a broader agenda in Trade Facilitation and Logistics (TFL)

   About 8% of our project are TFL One of our very few themes with a cross sector Global Expert Team (GET-TFL) Component of broader concerns, also relevant to Almaty: integration and competitiveness, food security, fragile states, environment

1 Projects Portfolio


Portfolio of Almaty related projects "Almaty" lending by World Bank

3000 2500 2000 1500 1000 500 0 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 1% 2012 0% 4% 3% 2% 8% 7% 6% 5%

6 4 2 0 20 18 16 14 12 10 8 2003

Portfolio of Almaty related projects (number of projects) "Almaty" lending by World Bank

2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

By region (2003-2012) IBRD-IDA Lending Projects

AFR EAP ECA LCR SAR 45% 7% 44% 1% 4% 64 14 35 1 9

Projects typology

    Specific road or rail corridor Regional integration, connectivity National capacity e.g. customs and border management.

Agro supply chains

Key active projects

        CEMAC TTF (Douala Corridor) West Africa (Tema Ouaga) North-South Corridor Africa Central Corridor East Africa Afghanistan (new tranche customs support), and Pakistan (national corridor) Kazakhstan (Western corridor, customs support) Silk road countries (connectivity project) Nepal India project (in preparation).

Not just infrastructure: Project Design & linkages The objective of improving service delivery for traders implies to combine:

• • •

Investment in infrastructure.

Institutional capacity building Regulatory reforms => Combine and balance support to investment and TA-CB

2 Technical Assistance

What is the Trade Facilitation Facility (TFF)

TRADE FACILITATION FACILITY Multi-donor trust fund ~ 40MUSD Managed by the World Bank Support concrete improvements in TF systems Help reduce developing countries’ trade costs Emphasis on Africa/low-income countries Beneficiary ownership: request from countries REC

Focus Areas

Border management Improvement in border management in a broad sense: integration of customs, product standards, tax, rules of origin, etc.

Trade Infrastructure Improvement in the management of key trade related infrastructure, especially gateways and multimodal facilities Logistics services Improvement of the quality/professionalism of private logistics services, through technical/economic regulation and capacity building Regional Regional trade facilitation including transit systems Indicators Action plan Performance monitoring and indicators: e.g., data on time, cost, and reliability along corridors Development and implementation of comprehensive action plan addressing all of the above

Examples of TA relevant to Almaty

      Performance management in customs (Cameroon, Togo) Trade Facilitation CEMAC (improvement of transit regime on Douala corridor) Authorized Economic Operators (AEO) in West Africa DRC TTF TA Support to SACU SSATP; Eastern and Southern Africa corridor study

Examples of TA (2)

     Hidrovia

Central America TTF

Central Asia: TTFA and performance measurements GMS (corridor performance), Vietnam TTF In preparation, South Asia (Nepal, India, Bangladesh), UEMOA

3 Knowledge Production and dissemination

Some recent knowledge contributions Soon: Corridor Management toolkit



   LPI   May 2012 Regional briefs, LLDCs findings available Trade costs dataset (WB+UNESCAP), LLDC findings available Others:   Doing business (e.g. cost of starting a business) ICAs

Other knowledge relevant to POA

 Border Management Handbook  Freight Transport Toolkit Plus     Trucking services agreements database Port performance and revision of “TRS” Revision of the compendium of SSA legal instruments Research Dpt (DEC) outputs: Trade costs, services, impact of A4T…

=> Key findings and lessons for the Almaty POA

What are the lessons for Transit Corridors and Almaty POA?

 Not a lack of:   Infrastructure (road, borders, IT…) Legal framework … which are the traditional areas of focus.

 But lack of implementation mechanism for transit, dysfunctional markets for logistics services, and governance.

The potential for trade cost reduction is … in two key policy areas:

Transit systems and processes to move goods on

corridors: simplify processes, ensure effective implementation mechanisms, and reduce multiple clearance, differentiated treatment of operators  Logistics Services market: Align incentives for efficient transport and transit operations, liberalization and competition, phase out anti-competitive practices such as cartels and queuing system wherever possible.

=> Reforms and implementation implies TA activities both at the regional (sub-regional RECs) and the national level.