General introduction to EC Development Cooperation

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Transcript General introduction to EC Development Cooperation

Aprodev working group on EC Funding

General introduction to EC Development Cooperation

APRODEV training workshop on EC funding and project management Johannesburg 12-16 March 2007 (updated in July 2008)

Organised by Christian Aid (UK), EED-Church Development Service (G), Bread for the World (G), Church of Sweden (Sw), ICCO (Nl), Danchurchaid (Dk)

The European Union

      27 Member States and more than 490 million citizens A Treaty establishing principles, competences, institutions and their functioning Full political competence on Development cooperation and international trade agreements Increasing political competences on Foreign and Security Policies and Defence Policies 3 main institutions: Commission, Council and Parliament An Annual Budget of around 100 billion euros or 1% of total EU GNI out of which around 10% is allocated to external actions

EU institutions

  

Council of Ministers

: 27 Foreign Affairs ministers meeting every month. Two times a year special focus on Development Policy. Co-decision with EP on legislation and annual EU Budget. Decision on CFSP and EDF.

European Parliament

: 785 members elected directly by citizens of 27 MS. Co-decision with Council on development legislation and on the annual EU Budget. Main role in ex-post budgetary control.

European Commission

: executive body with a right of initiative on policies and legislation   25 Commissioners and 24 000 civil servants 23 Directorates General with Policy responsibilities

The European Commission

 6 Directorate General and 4 Commissioners are involved in EU relations with third countries:  DG Development, DG External relations, DG Trade, DG Enlargement, AIDCO and ECHO  Trade negotiations with ACP countries are under responsibility of DG Trade  DG Development is only responsible for the EDF and for thematic development programmes  DG Relex is responsible for cooperation with non ACP countries and for Human Rights and CFSP related issues

How is the EC organised to deliver Development and Humanitarian Aid in Africa Commissioner External Relations Commissioner Dev & Hum Aid

Policy and Programming DG RELEX

Human rights Conflict prevention Security

DG Development

ACP Development thematics

ECHO Policy and Implementation AIDCO

Implementing body

Implementation

Brussels Field

EC Delegations ECHO Field Offices

Role of Delegations

There are 118 Delegations in third countries with the role of

:    presenting, explaining and implementing EU policy; analysing and reporting on the policies and developments of the countries to which they are accredited ; and conducting negotiations in accordance with a given mandate. 

Delegations also play a key role in implementation of external assistance

:      Leading the aid programming process in consultation with third countries governments Managing official aid to third countries governments (NIPs) Managing country specific NGO and CS projects Launching and managing local calls for proposals Coordinating with other Official Aid donors present in the Country

EU Development Policies

European Consensus on Development

:    Policy statement adopted by the 3 EU institutions Applicable to all developing countries, defines development principles and priorities of the Member States and the EC. Open the door for more coordination between MS and EC  Cotonou Agreement between African, Pacific and Caribbean countries and the EU:     Development cooperation and trade agreement Political dialogue Joint ACP-EU institutions (Council, JPA) Agreement for 20 years reviewed every five years (until 2020)

EC Development and Humanitarian Aid

Total EC ODA in 2007 = 8.5 billion euros

European Development Fund (5 years) - EDF

  Inter-governmental Fund, financial arm of the Cotonou Agreement – contribution from 25 MS In 2007, EDF = 2.8 billion euro = 33% of EC ODA 

Annual EC Budget for External Actions

    In 2007: 67 % of EC ODA Cover EC cooperation with all third countries, not limited to DC Geographic budget lines for Asia, Latin America, Mediterranean, Eastern Europe, the Balkans …..all third countries except ACP Thematic budget lines for action in all countries (including ACP)

Share of EU external action budget between instruments (2007-2013)

DCI ENPI IPA SI HAI HRDI CFSP MFA Others EDF

How is aid delivered?

 EDF is delivered through national and regional indicative programmes (CSPs, RSPs) and intra-ACP funding (facilities and programmes for all ACP or Africa)  Thematic programmes are delivered through multi annual strategies translated into annual work programmes  In both cases actors and projects for implementation are identified through calls for proposals or calls for tender.

 Direct aid to governments is provided through budget support, SWAPs and/or projects with ministries  EC is not an implementing body and resorts a lot to technical assistance and consultancy

Place of CSOs/NGOs in EC aid

   50%* of EC aid from the annual budget is channelled indirectly through NSA (NGOs, other CSOs, International organisations, trade unions, employers associations,…) Partners number 1 for indirect aid are the international organisations (48%), followed by NGOs (39 %) and by other NSA actors (13%) IO (UN + others) are a main partner for all aid instruments while NGOs are main partners for TBL and Humanitarian Aid mainly  Examples exist of EC aid to CSOs managed by UN agencies: Sudan 50 million package for CS managed by UNDP – World Food programme  In general limited direct access to EC aid for CSOs from Developing countries (* Based on 2003 data, no recent detailed information available)

The Future Instruments

10th EDF

2008 – 2013 € 23.97 billion

Development Co-operation Instrument DCI

Developing countries not other than EDF, ENPI, PAI + thematic programmes € 17 billion

European Neighbourhood & Partnership Instrument ENPI

East Europe, Caucasus, Mediterranean countries € 11 billion

Pre-Accession Instrument PAI

Turkey and the Balkans € 11.5 billion

Co-operation with industralised countries

€ 172 million

Instrument for Stability € 2 billion Human Rights and Democracy Humanitarian Aid € 5.6 billion € 1.1 billion

Horizontal Instruments

Macro-Financial Assistance € 0.7 billion

Future thematic programmes

     

Investing in People

reproductive health, HIV/AIDS, education, gender, children rights,… – Human and Social Development:

Non-state Actors

focus on civil society actors and actions, replace co financing and Local Authorities in Development: – open to wider range of actors in N and S

Environment

and Sustainable Management of Natural Resources including Energy

Food Security

. Advancing the Food Security Agenda to Achieve the MDGs - Food Aid will be included in humanitarian aid Promotion of

Democracy and Human Rights

Worldwide Cooperation with Third Countries in the Areas of

Migration and Asylum

EC Funding Architecture

2006 9th EDF 2008 NIPs 10th EDF RIPs Facilities 2006 BUDGET LINES in EU BUDGET DC Instrument.

Thematic Programmes Stab. Instr Hum. Aid Instr.

CFTender local CFP TA Brussels CFP or Local CFP ?

FPA

SADC Zambia AFRICA

The funding relations:

EU public

Global calls

NSA programme AIDCO HRDI Thematic programmes EU NGOs Brussels Field EC Delegations

FPA

: Humanitarian aid : Development aid ECHO ECHO field Offices EU NGOs field offices

Local calls

NIPs TBL HRDI

Actions by Civil Society organisations in developing countries