SEVAL Annual day 2010 Colloque 4

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Transcript SEVAL Annual day 2010 Colloque 4

IEC SYSTEM OF CONFORMITY ASSESSMENT
SCHEMES FOR ELECTROTECHNICAL EQUIPMENT
AND COMPONENTS
SEVAL Annual day, Bern 2010
Colloque 4
Mr Pierre de Ruvo
IECEE Executive Secretary
The IEC/IECEE Tree
Standards
(Normes)
Conformity Assessment
(Evaluation de la conformité)
2
Popular Standards used for certification
3
What is the IEC
 Founded in 1906 to promote international
co-operation on all questions of
standardization and related matters in the
field of electrotechnology
4
Mission statement
IEC’s mission is to be globally recognized
as the provider of standards and
conformity assessment-related services
needed to facilitate trade in the fields
of electricity, electronics
and associated technologies
5
IEC mission




Encourage national adoption of
international standards
Stimulate world trade and business by
ensuring technical and market relevance
of its products
Make results applicable and available for
voluntary adoption world wide
Set the framework for Conformity
Assessment in global markets
6
Types of participation

IEC is a voluntary association of National
Committees that fully represent
electrotechnical interests in their countries


Membership – one member per country



Government, industry, testing laboratories,
academia, consumer groups…
Members (59)
Associate members (22)
Affiliate Country programme

81 participants
7
IEC Membership – 81 members
Albania
Algeria
Argentina
Australia
Austria
Bahrain
Belarus
Belgium
Bosnia &
Herzegovina
Brazil
Bulgaria
Canada
Chile
China
Colombia
Croatia
Cuba
Cyprus
Czech Republic
Denmark
Egypt
Estonia
Finland
France
Georgia
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Iceland
India
Indonesia
Iran
Iraq
Ireland
Israel
Italy
Japan
Jordan
Kazakhstan
Kenya
Korea (Republic of)
Latvia
Libyan Arab
Jamahiriya
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Malaysia
Malta
Mexico
Montenegro
Morocco
Netherlands
New Zealand
Nigeria
Norway
Oman
Pakistan
Philippines, Rep. of
Poland
Portugal
Qatar
Romania
Russian Federation
Saudi Arabia
Serbia
Singapore
Slovakia
Slovenia
South Africa
Spain
Sri Lanka
Sweden
Switzerland
Thailand
The Former Yugoslav
Rep. of Macedonia
Tunisia
Turkey
Ukraine
United Arab Emirates
United Kingdom
United States of
America
Vietnam
AM = Associate member
8
The IEC Family and Figures







Members
81 National Committees
Affiliate Country Programme
81 participants
Technical work
 Technical committees/Subcommittees
 Working groups
 Project teams
 Maintenance teams
Total active projects
Average development time
Total publications
Publications issued in 2009
174
404
213
501
1 410
33 months
6 146
441
9
Deliverables
 International Standards
 Technical Specifications
 Publicly Available Specifications (PAS)
 Technical Reports
 Guides
 ITAs
10
Stages in standards development
PWI
Preliminary stage
NP
Proposal stage
WD
Preparatory stage
CD
Committee stage
CDV
Enquiry stage
FDIS
Approval stage
IS
Publication stage
11
Paths to publication
Project
stage
Normal
procedure
Draft submitted
with proposal
“Fast-track
procedure”
Technical
Specification
Publicly
Available
Specification
Proposal
PNW
PNW
PNW
PNW
PNW
Working
draft
ANW
ANW
ANW
ANW
Committee
CD
CD
DTS
Enquiry
CDV
CDV
CDV
Approval
FDIS
FDIS
FDIS
Publication
PUB
PUB
PUB
PUB
Technical
Report
DTR
PUB
PUB
12
National Committees – what they are


Represents all interests in country




Industry
Government and regulators
Academia
Users
“Mirror” committees




Correspond to IEC TC/SCs of interest
Review documents
Create national position / vote
Adoption of International Standards
13
National Committees – their role

Support the use of IEC conformity assessment
schemes and standards within each nation and
region, including translation

Coordinate each nation’s consensus viewpoint and
present in IEC via participation in the meetings


International consensus standards
development,


Conformity assessment scheme operations, and
IEC governance
Members may vote on all policy issues and technical
matters – one country, one vote
14
Rights of IEC Participants
Full Members
Associate
(59)
Members (22)
Affiliates
(81)
Authorized to participate
and submit votes on all
TC/SC and Council
documents
Authorized to participate
and submit votes /
comments on documents
of 4 selected TC/SCs
May not vote
Authorized to submit
comments on all TC/SC
and Council documents
Authorized to submit
comments only on TC/SC
documents but not on
Council documents
Authorized to submit
comments on the
documents of 10
selected TC/SCs
FULLY PARTICIPATE
IN INTERNATIONAL
STANDARDIZATION
ACTIVITIES
LIMITED
PARTICIPATION OF
COUNTRIES
RESTRICTED TYPE
OF PARTICIPATION
15
IEC programmes


Efficiently meet requirements of global market

Assess and improve quality of products and
services covered by standards



Permit interoperability of complex systems

Contribute to protection of the environment
Ensure primacy and world-wide use of standards
and conformity assessment schemes
Increase efficiency of industrial processes
Contribute to improvement of human health and
safety
16
Strategic use of International Standards…
 Reduce transaction costs due to
less testing & product
modifications
 Overcome barriers for trade &
access broader markets, faster
 Reduce costly mistakes
 …increase business efficiency!
17
Participation in standardization…
 Reduce costs for standards
development
 Give products a better chance
to succeed
 Benefit from existing know-how
 …provides a competitive edge!
18
Better and safer products…
 Reflect best experience
 Cover common needs and
provide guidance
 Support regulatory policies
 Facilitate trade
 …standards support good regulatory practice!
19
International Standards…
 Basis for conformity
assessment
 Promote safety & consumer
confidence
 Stimulate economic growth &
development
 …promote technology transfer !
20
Conformity Assessment: Test Report
21
Conformity Assessment: Certificates
22
IEC Conformity Assessment Structure
CONFORMITY ASSESSMENT BOARD
IECEE
System for conformity
testing and certification
of Electrotechnical equipment
and components
IECEx
Scheme for
explosive
environments
IECQ
Quality
assessment
system for
electronic
components
CB Scheme
Mutual recognition of test results
CB FCS (full certification, including assessing
QMS & Factory Audit/Inspection)
23
IECEE Participating Countries
Argentina
Finland
Malaysia
Slovakia
Australia
France
Mexico
Slovenia
Austria
Germany
Netherlands
South Africa
Belarus
Greece
New Zealand
Spain
Belgium
Hungary
Norway
Sweden
Brazil
India
Pakistan
Switzerland
Bulgaria
Indonesia
Poland
Thailand
Canada
Ireland
Portugal
Turkey
China
Israel
Romania
Ukraine
Colombia
Italy
Russia
United Arab Emirates
Croatia
Japan
Saudi Arabia
United Kingdom
Czech Rep.
Kenya
Serbia
United States
Denmark
Korea Rep. of
Singapore
Uruguay
24
National Certification Bodies
Americas
Europe
CSA
ITSC
ULC
QPS
UL Inc.
MET
ITS, N.A.
OVE
CEBEC
Electrosuisse
EZU
VDE
TUV Rh DE
TUV SUD PS
SLG
LGA
ETS
TUV NORD
DEMKO
FIMKO
TUV Rheinland, NA.
IRAM
TUV RH BRAZIL
NCC
ANCE
Asia/Africa/Far
East/Oceania
LCIE
LNE
Intertek
T&C
BSI
ELOT
SII
KEMA
AENOR
NEMKO
SEMKO
SIQ
TRAC
IMQ
PCBC
GOST Re
EVPU
UkrTEST
MEEI
BBJ-SEP
PREDOM
CERTIF
TSE
VINCA
KVALITET
SAI Global
CQC
STQC
JET
JQA
TUV Rheinland, JP
UL APEX
KTL
KETI
KERI
ERI
NREC
SABS
TUV SUD PSB
SIRIM
TISI
ITS Singapore
25
IECEE Operators
Countries
NCBs
CBTLs
ACTLs
2001
41
53
129
0
2002
42
56
141
0
2003
43
58
150
0
2004
43
58
170
0
2005
44
58
195
0
2006
46
59
216
0
2007
50
62
234
10
2008
52
66
268
25
2009
52
69
302
34
2010
54
71
331
45
26
The CB Scheme

The CB Scheme is based on the principle of mutual
recognition (reciprocal acceptance) by its members of test
results for obtaining certification or approval at national
level.

The Scheme is intended to reduce obstacles to
international trade which arise from having to meet
different national certification or approval criteria.

Participation of the worldwide NCBs within the Scheme is
intended to facilitate certification or approval according to
IEC standards.
27
The Ideal Target
One test
One certification
One mark
28
Today’s reality is…
One test
One international certificate
One or more marks as needed
29
Today’s reality is also…

One test

One international certificate

Direct acceptance by the market place
e.g. Regulators, Retailers, Buyers, Vendors
30
The scope of the CB Scheme
31
The scope of the CB Scheme
Safety, Performance, Sourcing
IECEE
Electrical accessories
(TC 23)
Luminaires
(TC 34)
Electric cables
(TC 20)
Lamps and related
equipment (TC 34)
Information Technology
(TC 108)
Multimedia
(TC 100)
Fibre optics
(TC 86)
Cables, wires,
waveguides (TC 46)
Household appliances
(TCs 59 & 61)
32
The scope of the CB Scheme
BATT – Batteries:
IEC 60086, IEC 60099, IEC 61982…
33
The scope of the CB Scheme
CABL – Cables and Cords:
IEC 60227, IEC 60245, IEC 60502…
34
The scope of the CB Scheme
CAP – Capacitors as Components:
IEC 60252, IEC 60384, IEC 61048…
35
The scope of the CB Scheme
CONT - Switches for appliances and
automatic controls for electrical household
appliances:
IEC 60730, IEC 61058, IEC 61810…
36
The scope of the CB Scheme
EMC – Electromagnetic Compatibility:
CISPR11, IEC 61000, IEC 62236…
37
The scope of the CB Scheme
HOUS – Household and similar
equipment:
IEC 60335, IEC 60704, IEC 61770…
38
The scope of the CB Scheme
HSTS – Hazardous Substances:
IEC 62321
Control of Substances Hazardous to Health Using chemicals or
other hazardous substances in e.g plastic material used in end
products by work can put people's health at risk. So the
regulations in some Regions/Countries requires limits exposure to
hazardous substances to prevent health problems.
39
The scope of the CB Scheme
INST – Installation accessories and
connection devices:
IEC 60609, IEC 60320, IEC 60998…
40
The scope of the CB Scheme
LITE – Luminaires:
IEC 60598, IEC 60928, IEC 61347…
41
The scope of the CB Scheme
MEAS – Measuring Instruments:
IEC 61010, IEC 60414, IEC 61557…
42
The scope of the CB Scheme
MED – Electrical equipment for
medical use:
IEC 60601, IEC 61223…
43
The scope of the CB Scheme
MISC – Miscellaneous:
IEC 60077, IEC 60747, IEC 60938…
44
The scope of the CB Scheme
OFF – IT and Office Equipment:
IEC 60950, IEC 60825, IEC 62040…
45
The scope of the CB Scheme
POW – Low voltage, high power
switching equipment:
IEC 60947, IEC 62019, IEC 62271…
46
The scope of the CB Scheme
PROT – Installation protective
equipment:
IEC 60127, IEC 60269, IEC 61643…
47
The scope of the CB Scheme
PV – Photovoltaics:
IEC 60904, IEC 61215, PVRS6…
48
The scope of the CB Scheme
SAFE – Safety transformers and
similar equipment:
IEC 60044, IEC 60742, IEC 61558…
49
The scope of the CB Scheme
TOOL – Portable Tools:
IEC 60745, IEC 61029, IEC 61939…
50
The scope of the CB Scheme
TOYS – Electronic Toys:
IEC 62115…
51
The scope of the CB Scheme
TRON – Electronics Entertainment:
IEC 60065, IEC 61965, IEC 62103…
52
The CB Scheme Process
Manufacturer makes an electrical
product and sends it for testing
so it can be certified
A laboratory tests the product for
conformity to IEC standards and
issues a Test Report
53
The CB Scheme Process
Sample request
NCB requests sample(s) and sets
the testing programme
Testing
CBTL’s Staff performs the
measuring and testing programme
Evaluation
NCB’s Staff evaluates the Test Report
Decision
NCB’s officer takes the Certification
decision
Licence
NCB issues the CB Test Certificate
and Test Report
54
The CB Scheme Process

Manufacturer now wishes to
sell the product in another
country where the market
requires a Domestic
Certification Mark or Approval.

Manufacturer provides the CB
Test certificate and Test Report
to a Certification Body member
of the IECEE in the second
country
55
The CB Scheme Process
Alternatively the Issuing NCB
can act on behalf of the
Manufacturer to directly contact
1 or more NCBs in countries B to
seek the certification
mark/approval of the
Certification Body(ies)
member(s) of the IECEE in the
relevant countries
56
The CB Scheme Process
Multilateral Acceptance by the IECEE Member NCBs

Second NCB recognizes the CB
Test Results and CB Test
Certificate that have already been
granted by the Issuing NCB and
grants its certification
mark/approval

Manufacturer may now affix the
NCB’s mark/approval of conformity
of the second country to the
product and may export the
product to that country
57
The CB Scheme Process
Regulatory Authority

Manufacturer now wishes to
sell the product in another
country where the market
requires Regulatory
compliance.

Manufacturer provides the
CB Test certificate and Test
Report to the Regulatory
Authority
58
The CB Scheme Process

Regulatory Authority reviews
the CB Test Certificate and CB
Test Report and …

…grants access to the
relevant Market
59
CB Scheme / Full Certification Scheme




CB Scheme
Full Certification Scheme
ISO/IEC System 1-b
ISO/IEC System 5
Testing
Test Report – TR
Review of the Test Report
CB Test Certificate


Initial Factory Inspection - IFI


Review of the I.F.I.R





(Optional) NCB Certification Mark
Initial Factory Inspection Report - IFIR
Conformity Assessment Certificate &
Conformity Assessment Report
Production is under surveillance
Factory inspection
Re-testing
Market control
60
Full Certification Scheme in action
Conformity
NCB A
issuing
Analyzing…
Assessment
Typetest
test
Type
Certificate
program
program
Laboratory
Test
Report
Conformity
Assessment
National
National
Report
differences
differences
Factory
applicable)
(if(ifapplicable)
Factory
Inspection
Audit Report
National
differences
National
differences
(if applicable)
Testing…
(if applicable)
Application
documents
APPLICANT
Conformity
Assessment
Factory
Certificate
Audit Report
Conformity
Assessment
Report
Auditing…
Factory
Audit Report
National
differences
Samples
Factory
(if applicable)
Vendors/Buyers
NCB B1
recognizing
NCB B2
recognizing
NCB B3
recognizing
15 working days
Regulators
Retailers
61
IECEE Operators
400
350
300
250
Countries
200
NCBs
CBTLs (incl. ACTLs)
150
100
50
0
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009
2010
62
Issued CB Test Certificates
60000
60000
60000
60000
54000
54000
51000
51000
49752
49752
50000
50000
40817
40817
36565
36565
34117
34117
40000
40000
27685
27685
24259
24259
30000
30000
Issued
Issued
19597
19597
15893
15893
20000
20000
12175
12175
9825
9825
10000
10000
7794
7794
00
1996
1996 1997
1997 1998
1998 1999
1999 2000
2000 2001
2001 2002
2002 2003
2003 2004
2004 2005
2005 2006
2006 2007
2007 2008
2008 2009
2009
63
IEC SYSTEM OF CONFORMITY ASSESSMENT
SCHEMES FOR ELECTROTECHNICAL EQUIPMENT
AND COMPONENTS
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