ELI - IFKA

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Transcript ELI - IFKA

AZ INNOVATÍV FÉNYFORRÁSOK SZEREPE A XXI. SZÁZADBAN

OSVAY KÁROLY

PHOTONICS

Displays Photovoltaic devices … Light sources

Lamps LEDs …

Innovative light sources – Research Institutes

Accelerators Synchrontrons Free electron lasers

Lasers

Photonics is one of the ”Key Enabling Technologies” of the EC

Global photonics market ~ €500 billion, Leveraged impact in other enabled industries is

substantially greater!

Europe:

overall share of 20%, rising to as much as 45% in specific key sectors. • ~290,000 employees. The sector is largely based on SMEs,.

• Estimated annual growth > 10%, i.e. 2-3 times faster than European GDP and faster than the growth of the global market. • 40,000 new jobs being created 2005 and 2008 By W.Sandner

Lasers in Europe

- Laser scientific output is high compared to other disciplines and to other global regions => Europe is leading in an important scientific field -There are still significant differences between European regions => room for regional policy -There is a positive temporal gradient in all regions => ”lasers and photonics are the future“ By W.Sandner

Thoughts about European Cohesion Europe‘s scientific laser landscape

Annual laser publications, per country (2005-2007) By W.Sandner

Annual laser publications, per country (2007-2010)

Lasers in Europe A structured research landscape to meet global challenges

European Laser Community Infrastructure Network: Laserlab-Europe

ESFRI Pan - European Research Infrastructures – the first international laser project ELI

The basis

By W.Sandner

Flexible instrument to perform and initiate new science beyond the national scale Mission-oriented single entities to meet global challenges

ELI - A bottom-up approach by the community

Integrated initiative Laserlab-Europe National high-power laser facilities world-wide

30 national laser facilities from 16 European countries Ultra-high intensity laser systems worldwide in 2010 (ICUIL)

The Extreme Light Infrastructure will be

 the world’s first international laser research infrastructure , providing unique science and research opportunities for international users “The CERN of laser research”  a distributed research infrastructure based initially on 3 facilities in CZ, HU and RO  the first ESFRI project to be implemented in the new EU Member States  pioneering a novel funding model combining structural funds (ERDF) for the implementation and contributions to an ERIC for the operation

Roadmap and governance

ESFRI ELI-PP ELI-Beamlines ELI-ALPS ELI-NP

2008

By W.Sandner

PP 2011 MoU 2013 2017 ELI-DC International Association

Financial structure

initiation

~ 6 M € Prep. Phase

parallel implementation

~ 850 M € total EU Structural Funds (CZ, RO approved / HU applied for)

2008 PP

By W.Sandner

ERIC negotiations

joint operation

60-80 M € /a ELI-ERIC (pending)

2011 2013 2017 MoU ELI-DC International Association ELI- ERIC

ELI Nuclear Physics in Romania

Structural Funds approved in Sept. 2012 Projected completion date: IV 2017 Building under construction Major equipment procured (two 10PW lasers) Gamma source is procured

ELI Beamlines in the Czech Republic

Structural Funds approved in April 2011 Projected completion date: IV 2017 (phasing negotiations in progress) Building under construction Major equipment procured (diode-pumped, 10Hz PW laser) Tender for 10PW laser in contracted, A further PW laser in preparation

MISSIONS OF ELI-ALPS

1) To generate X-UV and X-ray fs and atto pulses, for temporal investigation at the attosecond scale of electron dynamics in atoms, molecules, plasmas and solids.

ATTOSECOND Beamlines & User Facility 2)

To contribute to the technological development towards 200PW.

HIGH INTENSITY beamline

ELI-ALPS LIGHT SOURCES

The shortest pulse durations at the … at the highest widest spectral range … repetition rate.

Phasing and the budget of the research infrastrucure

Primary sources: Secondary sources (+TA): Labs, workshops: Scientific IT

Phase 1 (-2015)

20.3 M € 10.8 M € 1.65 M € 0.39 M € Primary sources (incl. THz pump) : Secondary sources (+TA): Labs, workshops: Scientific IT

Phase 2 (-2017)

29.0 M € 15.1 M € 7.4 M € 2.03 M €

SCHEMATICS OF ELI-ALPS

Oscillator +front end 100 kHz Oscillator +front end 1 kHz

ELI-ALPS laser systems Initial concept

OPA chain CW DPSSL pump OPA chain CW and pulsed DPSSL pump Oscillator +front end 1 kHz OPA chain pulsed DPSSL pump mid-IR laser (MIR) Ti:Sa/OPA flashlamps / DPSSL THZ & appl.

Gas HHG: Atto XUV Applications Solid HHG: Atto & X-Ray Synchronized Atto/PW PW applications

Av.power

10 W

Benchmarks for the lasers

ALPS Single Cycle (SYLOS) beamline 1kHz, >100mJ, <5fs, VIS-NIR, CEP ALPS High Field (HF) beamline Ti:S duty end: 5Hz, >2PW, <20fs, NIR 10 RAL Vulcan 10PW LMJ PETAL SIOM 10PW ELI-NP CILEX Apollon MPQ Atlas 3000 ELI-ALPS HF 1 0.1

UTexas Texas PW ILE PW JAERI APRI-GIST

HZDR Penelope

Beijing PW

HZDR PW

RAL Vulcan 1PW

CETAL

LBNL Bella

CLPU LLNL E23

RAS IAP PEARL GSI PHELIX

IOQ Jena, POLARIS

CUOS Herkules RAL Gemini LULI Pico2000 CILEX LUIRE

LASERIX 100TW

LULI ELFIE

MPQ PFS IOQ Jena, JETI-100

CLPU 10Hz HZDR - Draco MBI SIOM MPQ Atlas LOA Salle Jaune CEA UHI LBNL Trex LASERIX

1E-005 0.0001

0.001

0.01

0.1

Repetition Rate (Hz)

1 10

IMPLEMENTATION STRATEGY

ALPS HR laser Step 1 - Via R&D projects 100kHz, >1 (5mJ), <5 (7)fs, VIS-NIR, CEP ALPS MIR laser 100kHz, 0.1mJ, <6 (3)cycles, MIR Step 2 - Public procurement – Q4 2013 ALPS Sylos 1 laser 1kHz, >4 TW, <20fs, VIS-NIR, CEP ALPS HF PW laser ≤5Hz, >2PW, <20fs, NIR Step 3 - Laser R&D projects for elimination of technological bottlenecks Step 4 - Public procurement – Q2-Q3 2015 ALPS Sylos 2 laser 1kHz, >20TW, 5fs , VIS-NIR, CEP ALPS HF 100 laser 100Hz, >40TW, <12fs, NIR

LASER R&D PROJECTS 2014-2015

Contracting: August-September Standard deliverable: Final Research Report Total budget: 2M€(+200k) Standard conditions: - joint research - on site involvement of ELI-ALPS scientist(s)

Development of (diode pumped) pump lasers (100 Hz, 1 kHz, 0,6 ps – 2 ps, 1J) 4 proposals DLs: 1 amp head, 1 MPX/DMPX system, plus 1J/100Hz amp unit

Nonlinear optical methods (OPCPA (stabilization, bandwidth, technology), SFG, HCF, XPW) 8 proposals DLs: TDRs.

Temporal contrast issues (OPCPA, high reprate plasma mirror, spatio-emporal focusing) 8 proposals DLs: 2 softwares, 1 Xcorr, 1 AO system

IMPLEMENTATION OF THE LASERS and final call parameters

ALPS HR laser 100kHz, >1 (5mJ), <5 (7)fs, VIS-NIR, CEP RfP launched – submission deadline: 29 st September HR 1: 1mJ, <7(5)fs; Delivery: Q2 2016 Contracting: November/ December ALPS MIR laser HR 2: development / assembly at ELI-ALPS, together with industry and academy 100kHz, 0.1mJ, <2 (4)cycles, MIR Final proposals received: 10 th September Winner: Fastlite Contracting: November 2014 Delivery: Q2-3 2016

IMPLEMENTATION OF THE LASERS and final call parameters

ALPS SYLOS 1 laser 1kHz, >4.5TW, <20 fs, VIS-NIR, CEP Several proposals Winner: EKSLPA-Light Conversion Contracting: 13th October, 2014 Delivery: Q1 2016 ALPS HF PW laser ≤5Hz, >2PW, <20fs (100Hz, >1mJ, <10fs, CEP) Several proposals Winner: Amplitude Technologies Contracting: 3rd October, 2014 Delivery: Q3 2016 Installation requirement: 12h operation for 3 consecutive days Trial period: 6 months, 4 months trouble-free operation

External clock

SYLOS I

Front end 100μJ @ 800 nm Stretcher 1 μJ, 90 ps

EKSPLA consortium

NOPA 1 0.5-1.5 mJ CEP and compression loop diagnostics NOPA 2 20 mJ

Power Pulse duration Rep.rate

CEP stability Energy stability ASE contrast Strehl ratio Central

4.5 TW 10 fs 1kHz 250 mrad 1.5% 10 10 0.85

800 nm

Compressor 45 mJ @10 fs NOPA 3 50 mJ PP for SYLOS II 100 mJ @ < 10 fs -> in 2015

SYLOS I Front end

Yb:KGW

HF PW laser system

Amplitude Technologies

Front end kHz 1-10 mJ 5 fs, C»10 12 Ti:Sa

Seed for HF 100 Rep.rate

Pulse duration Energy CEP 100Hz <10fs 1 mJ 250mrad PP for 500 mJ @ < 100Hz, 10fs -> in 2015

Ti:Sa Ti:Sa @ 10Hz >40J Compressor

Power Pulse duration 2 PW 17fs Rep.rate

Energy stability 1.5% ASE contrast 10 11 Strehl ratio Central

10Hz 0.9

800 nm

HF PW & HF 100 Front end

Yb:CaF2

FRONT END DESIGN FOR TW/PW LASERS

Change of Paradigm?

No Kerr-lens mode-locked Ti:S oscillators are involved (in SYLOS, PW, MIR – HR is questionable) Instead:

Sub-ps fiber oscillators around 1µ White light generators Self-CEP stabilisation: DFG+OPA Broadband OPAs to enhance the energy to 10-100 µJ

SCHEMATICS OF ELI-ALPS

SECONDARY SOURCES

Gas High Harmonic Generation and Attosecond Pulses

1kHz-100kHz, 4-400eV, up to 10 µJ

Solid High Harmonic Generation and Attosecond Pulses

5Hz – 1kHz, 10eV – 5keV, up to mJ Electron and Ion Acceleration (

regional science

) e : 1-2GeV, 0.2nC; p + : up to 160MeV, up to 1nC

THz sources

3MV/cm – 100MV/cm, up to 1mJ

New Concepts for HHG and Attosecond Pulse Generation

Photon sources at ELI-ALPS

Repetition rate

(few Hz-

100 kHz

) 

XUV Intensity

(10 9 -

10 18 W/cm

Photon energy

(10-

10.000 eV

)

2

) by G. Sansone

SCIENE AT ELI-ALPS

Current status of visualizing structural dynamics

4D (space+time) attosecond/Å scale imaging of atoms and molecules

LASER-ACCELERATED PROTON THERAPY

Gamma photon proton

INFRASTRUCTURE

INFRASTRUCTURE

Building „A”

(lasers + target areas): Net area - 6209 m

2 Building „B”

(scientific labs and machinery): Net area - 7936 m

2 Building „C”

(Reception, auditorium): Net area - 7391 m

2 Building „D”

(maintenance, storage): Net area - 2926 m

2 Total – 24 462 m 2

STATUS OF THE BUILDING 23.9.2014

Couriosity: the very first  1.8m pile in Europe (45m deep …)

THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION!

DEDICATION OF LABORATORY SPACES AND ACTIVITIES