Street Law Review

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Transcript Street Law Review

Street Law Review

Chapters 1-6

The study of law.

What is jurisprudence?

True or False?

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the U.S. Constitution basically protect the same set of rights.

False.

Laws enacted by legislatures.

Statutes

Another term for a lawsuit

A civil action

Arbitration is a conflict resolution method that most resembles going to court.

True

Besides arbitration, what are the two other means of conflict resolution?

Mediation and Negotiation

Mediation is a dispute resolution process in which a neutral party decides on the best solution to the conflict.

False.

The process of questioning prospective jurors to see their suitability for a specific trial.

Voir dire

In a trial court, who has the burden of proof?

The prosecutor or plaintiff

Appeals are made when an error of law/fact occurs at trial. Choose one.

Errors of law.

Type of legal system in which there is a contest between opposing sides.

adversarial

A down payment that a client pays toward the costs of a lawsuit.

Retainer

Anything you say to the attorney is private and confidential.

Attorney-client privilege

True or False?

The best way to find a good attorney is through an ad on the Internet or in the media.

False The best way is through a personal recommendation from family or friends.

Requiring citizens to pay taxes is based on this type of value.

a.

Moral b.

c.

d.

Economic Political social

B; Economic

Rules and regulations made and enforced by government to regulate people’s conduct.

What is Law?

These officials investigate complaints and help parties reach agreements.

Ombudspersons

Which of the following statements about the inquisitional system is true?

a.

The jury has the sole responsibility for bringing out the evidence b.

c.

d.

This system is the cornerstone of the American legal system.

According to this view, the goal of the trial is “victory, not truth, or justice.” The judge is active in questioning the witnesses.

D; the judge is more active in questioning the witnesses.

Justice Thomas did not agree with the majority of the justices on the court and wrote a separate statement of her analysis. What is this called?

A dissenting opinion

Striking a prospective juror without stating a reason.

Peremptory Challenge

Person who brings a lawsuit against another person.

Plaintiff

The alleged wrongdoer.

Defendant

An attorney fee based on a percentage of what the client wins in a case.

Contingency fee

People who become lawyers are most likely to work a.

In private practice b.

c.

d.

For the government For corporations, unions, or trade associations For public interest organizations

A; most work in private practice

What is the case in which a lawyer, on behalf of a client, sues another lawyer for a serious error that caused the client to lose his or her case?

Legal malpractice

Law based on judges rulings or past decisions.

Case law

Rights people have just because they are human beings.

Human Rights

In what year was the Universal Declaration of Human Rights approved by the United Nations?

A.

B.

1942 1945 C.

D.

1946 1948

1948

What American was instrumental in creating the Universal Declaration of Human Rights?

Eleanor Roosevelt

A serious crime for which the penalty is typically a year or more in prison/jail.

felony

Represents civil litigants who are too poor to hire a lawyer.

Legal aid organization

These courts handle cases related to guardianships, estates, trusts, and the mentally ill.

Probate Court

jurisdiction

Authority to hear a case

In Michigan, this is the highest court.

Michigan Supreme Court

How many justices sit on the Michigan Supreme Court?

7

Are Michigan state court judges appointed or elected?

Elected.

In the court system, this is where jury trials are held; they are called the “work horses” of the judicial system.

District Court